• WordNet 3.6
    • adj benignant pleasant and beneficial in nature or influence "a benign smile","the benign sky","the benign influence of pure air"
    • adj benignant characterized by kindness and warm courtesy especially of a king to his subjects "our benignant king"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Cat scratch disease, a benign but sometimes painful disease of short duration, is caused by a bacillus. Despite its name, the disease can be transmitted by many kinds of scratches besides those of cats.
    • a Benignant Kind; gracious; favorable.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • benignant Kind; gracious; favorable: as, a benignant sovereign.
    • benignant Exerting a good, kindly, or softening influence; salutary; beneficial: as, the benignant influences of Christianity on the mind.
    • benignant In medicine, not malignant; not dangerous: said of diseases. Synonyms Benignant, Gracious, Benign, Kind, Good-natured. Benignant and gracious are generally applied to superiors, and imply especially a certain manner of kindness or favor. Benignant is more tender or gentle; gracious is more civil or condescending; both are winning. Benign has largely given up to benignant the associations with activity or manner, and is applied especially to looks and influences: as, a benign smile. Kind often implies some superiority of circumstances on the part of the person acting: thus, we do not speak of a servant as being kind to his master, unless the latter is ill or otherwise made dependent on his servant for aid. A good-natured person is one who is not only willing to oblige, but will put up with a good deal of annoyance. Kind implies discrimination in benevolence; good-natured does not, but often implies a weakness for indiscriminate giving to those who solicit help or favors.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Benignant kind: gracious: beneficial
    • ***


  • Giambattista Vico
    Giambattista Vico
    “The nature of peoples is first crude, then severe, then benign, then delicate, finally dissolute.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
LL. benignans, p. pr. of benignare, from L. benignus,. See Benign
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. benigne—L. benignus, for benigenus; bene, well, genus, born.


In literature:

With what increased benignity I listened to the patients who visited me the next morning!
"A Strange Story, Complete" by Edward Bulwer-Lytton
Mr. Dale moved on; but as he passed Captain Barnabas, the benignant character of his countenance changed sadly.
"My Novel, Complete" by Edward Bulwer-Lytton
Benign stars on earth, as Castor and Pollux were in heaven.
"The Parisians, Complete" by Edward Bulwer-Lytton
That gift I would sooner have, even accompanied as it is, than all the benign influences without it.
"Godolphin, Complete" by Edward Bulwer-Lytton
Whatever may have been the influence of others on his existence, hers at least had been one of infinite benignity.
"Lothair" by Benjamin Disraeli
Never before had the tragic event of a duel been so much as heard of in that benign and happy valley.
"Parisians in the Country" by Honore de Balzac
By the benign God, man, you have discovered a word!...
"Hunger" by Knut Hamsun
Under the benign administration of Calvin, James Gruet was beheaded because he had written some profane verses.
"Lectures of Col. R. G. Ingersoll - Latest" by Robert Green Ingersoll
He turned a benign Jovian expression on Mrs. Brewster-Smith and condescended to explain.
"The Sturdy Oak" by Samuel Merwin, et al.
Life ought to be buoyant and benign under the clear sky, brightened by pleasant sights, by dance and song.
"Rome From the "Three Cities"" by Emile Zola

In poetry:

But with mild radiance every hour,
From our dear Saviour's face benign
Bent on us with transforming power,
Till we, too, faintly shine.
"Thirteenth Sunday After Trinity" by John Keble
But this my trust, my joy shall be,
The where, the when, the how, are His
Whose infinite benignity
Is love and light, and peace and bliss!
"Where? When? How?" by John Bowring
With gladness we
Rejoiced to see
A virgin wear Britannia's crown,
Then hailed the bride,
By Albert's side,
And saw her look benignly down.
"On The Birth Of Albert Edward, Prince Of Wales" by Nora Pembroke
Christ saw us with his eye divine;
And, like the Pelican benign,
He gave the blood, warm from his heart,
To mitigate our wounds dire smart.
"An Exhortation To Give God Thanks For Our Redemption Through Christ" by Rees Prichard
Just whistle a bit, if the night be drear
And the stars refuse to shine:
And a gleam that mocks the starlight clear
Within you glows benign.
"Just Whistle A Bit" by Paul Laurence Dunbar
Then, in his gestatorial Chair
See Christ's vicegerent, bland, benign,
To crowds all prostrate as in prayer
Lean low, and make the Holy Sign.
"The Door Of Humility" by Alfred Austin

In news:

Several years ago I had an ovary removed because of a benign cyst.
This benign family sedan actually looks quite sporty in pace-car trim.
Doug Covatch, DPT — physical therapist at Punxsy Hospital, (standing) is shown treating a patient (lying down) for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) with the Epley method at the rehab department at Punxsutawney Area Hospital.
However, modern optimizing compilers generate code that can cause incorrect execution when data races exist, even for those that are thought to be benign.
Abstract Schwannomas of the larynx are rare, benign, slowly growing tumors.
Fibroid tumors affect a third of the female population in the US Fibroids are benign, but in rare cases, may become cancerous.
Myoepitheliomas are rare and generally benign neoplasms that account for fewer than 1% of all salivary gland tumors.
Among the often-fearsome sharks, the whale shark is comparatively benign.
Myofibroma/myofibromatosis is a rare mesenchymal disorder that is part of a heterogeneous group of approximately 20 disorders that are classified primarily according to the proliferation of benign fibrous elements.
You can take on violent assassination contracts or more benign courier jobs.
A pre-publication of the research council's report says short-term environmental effects of this produced water are relatively benign, but more monitoring is needed to study long-term effects.
Sheryl Crow has a benign brain tumor.
Drillers opt for benign additives.
Mainly benign weather presents the calm before Hurricane Sandy's impact.
Harrison Ford has a benign lump removed from his nose.

In science:

Similarly, r is benign for a set E of labeled examples if hr(c; (cid:0)); (cid:10)nfcgi is repairable for E .
Tractability of Theory Patching
Note that if a theory is repairable for an example set E , then for each open component there must exist a revision, possibly null, which is benign for E .
Tractability of Theory Patching
De(cid:12)nition  The propositional benign revision problem PBENIGN((cid:0); (cid:10); c; E ) is: Given: a patchable theory h(cid:0); (cid:10)i, a component c  (cid:10), and a set of labeled examples E , Find: a revision r on c which is benign for E , if such exists; otherwise return FAIL.
Tractability of Theory Patching
The key to successful theory patching is (cid:12)nding benign revisions.
Tractability of Theory Patching
The idea is to perform a benign revision on each open component (recall that the null revision is also a revision).
Tractability of Theory Patching