basilica

Definitions

  • The Basilica
    The Basilica
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n basilica a Roman building used for public administration
    • n basilica an early Christian church designed like a Roman basilica; or a Roman Catholic church or cathedral accorded certain privileges "the church was raised to the rank of basilica"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Basilica Basilica

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Work on St. Peter's Basilica, Rome, began in 1506. Construction took over a century, reaching completion in 1612.
    • Basilica (Arch) A building used by the Romans as a place of public meeting, with court rooms, etc., attached.
    • Basilica (Arch) A church building of the earlier centuries of Christianity, the plan of which was taken from the basilica of the Romans. The name is still applied to some churches by way of honorary distinction.
    • n Basilica A digest of the laws of Justinian, translated from the original Latin into Greek, by order of Basil I., in the ninth century.
    • Basilica Originally, the palace of a king; but afterward, an apartment provided in the houses of persons of importance, where assemblies were held for dispensing justice; and hence, any large hall used for this purpose.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n basilica Originally, the stoa in which the king-archon dispensed justice in Athens; hence, in Greek antiquity, a frequent distinctive name for a stoa or portico.
    • n basilica In Rome, where such buildings were introduced about, two centuries before Christ, a portico or hall recalling in plan or use the Athenian royal portico. Many of these halls of justice were appropriated for Christian churches, and new churches were built upon a similar plan, whence basilica became a usual name for a church. The typical plan of the basilica is an oblong rectangle, with a broad central nave separated from two side-aisles by rows of columns. Over the aisles are galleries. At the extremity of the building furthest from the chief entrance is a raised tribune, where sat originally the Roman pretor or judge and his assessors, and which naturally became the sanctuary of the Christian church. This tribune usually constitutes an apse of the width of the nave, projecting from the main body of the building, and covered with a vault on a semicircular plan. The Christian high altar, which has replaced the throne of the Roman pretor, stands properly in the center of the chord of this apse. Variations from the typical plan are of very common occurrence, such as the absence of an architectural apse; the presence of an apse at each end—a favorite arrangement, especially in early German churches of basilican plan; the duplication of the side-aisles; the carrying of an aisle around the apse; the presence of a transept between aisles and apse, or of minor apses on each side of the chief apse; and many others, often suggested either by accidents of position or by the exigencies of the Christian ritual.
    • n basilica Liturgically, in the Roman Catholic Church, a title conferred by the pope on a church without reference to its architectural arrangement, and carrying with it certain honors and privileges. In addition to the five major or patriarchal basilicas and the eight minor basilicas at Rome, the title is borne in this sense by other churches in all parts of the world, as the cathedrals of Paris and Rheims in France, and the cathedral of Notre Dame at Quebec.
    • n basilica In the middle ages, a name sometimes given to the elaborate structures raised over important tombs, as that over the tomb or shrine of Edward the Confessor in Westminster Abbey: so called, according to Ducange, because these structures bore a resemblance to diminutive churches.
    • n basilica A large piece of ordnance: probably same as basilisk, 4.
    • basilica A code of laws of the Byzantine empire, adapted from the laws of Justinian in the ninth century, by order of the emperor Basil I. Also Basilics.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Basilica baz-il′ik-a among the Romans, a large oblong hall, with double colonnades and a semicircular apse at the end, used for judicial and commercial purposes—many of them were afterwards converted into Christian churches: a magnificent church built after the plan of the ancient basilica
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. basilica, Gr. basilikh`sc. o'iki`a or stoa` fr. basiliko`s royal, fr. basiley`s king
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. basilica, Gr. basilikē (oikia, a house), belonging to a king, from basileus, a king.

Usage

In literature:

See, his most intimate friend is greeting him at the basilica.
"The Scarlet Banner" by Felix Dahn
Replaced in 1645 by the Church of Notre Dame de la Paix, now the Basilica of Quebec.
"The Makers of Canada: Index and Dictionary of Canadian History" by Various
Two other bronze doors of the Roman period are in the Lateran Basilica.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 6" by Various
Brunehild was exiled to the basilica of Saint Martin's Cathedral, at Rouen.
"Women of the Teutonic Nations" by Hermann Schoenfeld
It was the Emperor's palace and the basilica of Aix-la-Chapelle.
"The Carlovingian Coins" by Eugène Sue
Each city was furnished with a Forum, a Basilica, a Temple, and a series of Public Baths.
"The Towns of Roman Britain" by James Oliver Bevan
New basilicas and other monuments were erected, and Byzantine Carthage recovered for a century the prosperity of the Roman city.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 4" by Various
A heathen temple once stood on its site, and later a Christian basilica.
"The Complete Club Book for Women" by Caroline French Benton
The subterranean basilica of SS.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 5" by Various
A crowd of citizens dressed in holiday attire, was assembled upon the main road leading from Saint Angelo to the Basilica of St. Peter.
"Barbarossa; An Historical Novel of the XII Century." by Conrad von Bolanden
***

In news:

A rowing boat passes on the Tiber River while the night is falling over Rome and St Peter's basilica in Vatican City on Friday.
Find Peace at Immaculate Conception Basilica.
After the traditional Vietnamese Wedding Tea Ceremony at the home of the bride's parents, Ben and Trinh exchanged vows at the Basilica of St John Catholic Church.
The text of President Obama's eulogy for Edward M Kennedy at Our Lady of Perpetual Help Basilica.
A fan of Jenni Rivera lights a candle at the Basilica of Guadalupe in the city of Monterrey, Mexico, Monday Dec 10, 2012.
Six non-European cardinals are appointed in a ceremony at St Peter's Basilica.
The tapestry of Giovanni Battista Piamarta, hangs from the St Peter's Basilica, at the Vatican, Friday, Oct 19, 2012.
Art restorers have discovered the figure of a devil hidden in the clouds of one of the most famous frescos by Giotto in the Basilica of St Francis in Assisi, church officials said on Saturday.
Basilica of St Francis in Assisi/Reuters.
Art restorers have discovered the figure of a devil hidden in the clouds of one of the most famous frescos by Giotto in the Basilica of St Francis in Assisi.
James Martin was at Our Lady of San Juan Basilica today saying a prayer for the victims of the Haiti earthquake.
Cassandro and colleagues attend mass at Mexico City's Basilica de Guadalupe.
The landmark white domes of the Sacre Coeur basilica indelibly mark the Paris skyline at the city's highest point on the Montmartre hill.
Pope John Paul II waves as he leaves the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington DC, on his 1979 trip to the United States.
Tapestry of Blessed John Paul II unveiled on the facade of St Peter's basilica, May 1st 2011.
***

In science:

This idea was first used by Bartholdi and Vir`ag [BV05] for proving amenability of the socalled Basilica group B.
Self-similarity and random walks
This group first studied by Grigorchuk and ˙Zuk [G ˙Z02a] has a very simple matrix presentation and also arises as the iterated monodromy group of the map z 7→ z 2 − 1 (known as the Basilica map, whence the name).
Self-similarity and random walks
This technique was recently applied by Bartholdi, Kaimanovich and Nekrashevych [BKN08] to prove amenability of all self-similar groups generated by bounded automata (this class, in particular, contains the Basilica group).
Self-similarity and random walks
The name Basilica comes from the fact that it also appears as the iterated monodromy group of the rational map z 7→ z 2 − 1 on the Riemann sphere C.
Self-similarity and random walks
This Julia set also arises as the limit set of the Basilica group B.
Self-similarity and random walks
***