• WordNet 3.6
    • adj base debased; not genuine "an attempt to eliminate the base coinage"
    • adj base illegitimate
    • adj base having or showing an ignoble lack of honor or morality "that liberal obedience without which your army would be a base rabble"- Edmund Burke","taking a mean advantage","chok'd with ambition of the meaner sort"- Shakespeare","something essentially vulgar and meanspirited in politics"
    • adj base of low birth or station (`base' is archaic in this sense) "baseborn wretches with dirty faces","of humble (or lowly) birth"
    • adj base serving as or forming a base "the painter applied a base coat followed by two finishing coats"
    • adj base not adhering to ethical or moral principles "base and unpatriotic motives","a base, degrading way of life","cheating is dishonorable","they considered colonialism immoral","unethical practices in handling public funds"
    • adj base (used of metals) consisting of or alloyed with inferior metal "base coins of aluminum","a base metal"
    • v base use as a basis for; found on "base a claim on some observation"
    • v base use (purified cocaine) by burning it and inhaling the fumes
    • v base situate as a center of operations "we will base this project in the new lab"
    • n base a support or foundation "the base of the lamp"
    • n base a place that the runner must touch before scoring "he scrambled to get back to the bag"
    • n base (electronics) the part of a transistor that separates the emitter from the collector
    • n base installation from which a military force initiates operations "the attack wiped out our forward bases"
    • n base a flat bottom on which something is intended to sit "a tub should sit on its own base"
    • n base the principal ingredient of a mixture "glycerinated gelatin is used as a base for many ointments","he told the painter that he wanted a yellow base with just a hint of green","everything she cooked seemed to have rice as the base"
    • n base lowest support of a structure "it was built on a base of solid rock","he stood at the foot of the tower"
    • n base the stock of basic facilities and capital equipment needed for the functioning of a country or area "the industrial base of Japan"
    • n base the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained "the whole argument rested on a basis of conjecture"
    • n base (linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed "thematic vowels are part of the stem"
    • n base a lower limit "the government established a wage floor"
    • n Base a terrorist network intensely opposed to the United States that dispenses money and logistical support and training to a wide variety of radical Islamic terrorist groups; has cells in more than 50 countries
    • n base the place where you are stationed and from which missions start and end
    • n base (anatomy) the part of an organ nearest its point of attachment "the base of the skull"
    • n base the bottom or lowest part "the base of the mountain"
    • n base (numeration system) the positive integer that is equivalent to one in the next higher counting place "10 is the radix of the decimal system"
    • n base the most important or necessary part of something "the basis of this drink is orange juice"
    • n base the bottom side of a geometric figure from which the altitude can be constructed "the base of the triangle"
    • n base any of various water-soluble compounds capable of turning litmus blue and reacting with an acid to form a salt and water "bases include oxides and hydroxides of metals and ammonia"
    • n base a phosphoric ester of a nucleoside; the basic structural unit of nucleic acids (DNA or RNA)
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Base port stevedores Base port stevedores
Showing mouldings on capitals and bases Showing mouldings on capitals and bases
A square tower with a door at the base A square tower with a door at the base
An early 17th-century andiron in the Jamestown collection. Note the cherub’s head near the base An early 17th-century andiron in the Jamestown collection. Note the cherub’s head near the base
Time-worn palaces, and the darkly doubtful water at their base Time-worn palaces, and the darkly doubtful water at their base
The arch at the base of Greendale Oak The arch at the base of Greendale Oak
The Base of the Brain The Base of the Brain

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Of the estimated 162 million land-based telephones in the U.S., 25 million have unlisted numbers.
    • Base A kind of skirt (often of velvet or brocade, but sometimes of mailed armor) which hung from the middle to about the knees, or lower.
    • Base (Surv) A line in a survey which, being accurately determined in length and position, serves as the origin from which to compute the distances and positions of any points or objects connected with it by a system of triangles.
    • Base A low, or deep, sound. Mus The lowest part; the deepest male voice. One who sings, or the instrument which plays, base. "The trebles squeak for fear, the bases roar."
    • Base (Mil) A place or tract of country, protected by fortifications, or by natural advantages, from which the operations of an army proceed, forward movements are made, supplies are furnished, etc.
    • Base A rustic play; -- called also prisoner's base prison base, or bars. "To run the country base ."
    • Base (Dyeing) A substance used as a mordant.
    • Base Alloyed with inferior metal; debased; as, base coin; base bullion.
    • Base An apron. "Bakers in their linen bases ."
    • Base (Baseball) Any one of the four bounds which mark the circuit of the infield.
    • Base Deep or grave in sound; as, the base tone of a violin.
    • Base Fig.: The fundamental or essential part of a thing; the essential principle; a groundwork.
    • Base Illegitimate by birth; bastard. "Why bastard? wherefore base ?"
    • Base Low in place or position.
    • Base Morally low. Hence: Low-minded; unworthy; without dignity of sentiment; ignoble; mean; illiberal; menial; as, a base fellow; base motives; base occupations. "A cruel act of a base and a cowardish mind.""Base ingratitude."
    • Base Not classical or correct. "Base Latin."
    • Base (Law) Not held by honorable service; as, a base estate, one held by services not honorable; held by villenage. Such a tenure is called base, or low, and the tenant, a base tenant.
    • Base Of humble birth; or low degree; lowly; mean. "A peasant and base swain."
    • Base Of little comparative value, as metal inferior to gold and silver, the precious metals.
    • Base Of little, or less than the usual, height; of low growth; as, base shrubs.
    • Base (Bot) That extremity of a leaf, fruit, etc., at which it is attached to its support.
    • Base (Zoöl) That part of an organ by which it is attached to another more central organ.
    • Base (Crystallog) The basal plane of a crystal.
    • Base The bottom of anything, considered as its support, or that on which something rests for support; the foundation; as, the base of a statue. "The base of mighty mountains."
    • Base (Pharmacy) The chief ingredient in a compound.
    • Base (Fort) The exterior side of the polygon, or that imaginary line which connects the salient angles of two adjacent bastions.
    • Base (Geol) The ground mass of a rock, especially if not distinctly crystalline.
    • Base The housing of a horse.
    • Base (Geom) The line or surface constituting that part of a figure on which it is supposed to stand.
    • Base (Arch) The lower part of a complete architectural design, as of a monument; also, the lower part of any elaborate piece of furniture or decoration.
    • Base The lower part of a robe or petticoat.
    • Base (Arch) The lower part of a wall, pier, or column, when treated as a separate feature, usually in projection, or especially ornamented.
    • Base (Her) The lower part of the field. See Escutcheon.
    • Base (Math) The number from which a mathematical table is constructed; as, the base of a system of logarithms.
    • Base The point or line from which a start is made; a starting place or a goal in various games. "To their appointed base they went."
    • Base (Chem) The positive, or non-acid component of a salt; a substance which, combined with an acid, neutralizes the latter and forms a salt; -- applied also to the hydroxides of the positive elements or radicals, and to certain organic bodies resembling them in their property of forming salts with acids.
    • Base (Mil) The smallest kind of cannon.
    • Base To abase; to let, or cast, down; to lower. "If any . . . based his pike."
    • v. t Base bās To put on a base or basis; to lay the foundation of; to found, as an argument or conclusion; -- used with on or upon.
    • Base To reduce the value of; to debase. "Metals which we can not base ."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Per-capita, Israel eats the most turkey based products in the world.
    • base Low; of small height: applied to things.
    • base Hence In botany, of low or lowly growth: as, base broom; base rocket.
    • base Low in place, position, or degree.
    • base Of little value; coarse in quality; worthless, absolutely or comparatively: as, the base metals (so called in contrast with the noble or precious metals).
    • base Hence Fraudulently debased in value; spurious; false: as, base coin.
    • base Low in scale or rank; of humble origin, grade, or station; wanting dignity or estimation; mean; lowly: as, base menials.
    • base Suitable to or characteristic of a low condition; depressed; abject: as, base servility.
    • base Of mean spirit; morally low; without dignity of sentiment: said of persons.
    • base Showing or proceeding from a mean spirit: said of things.
    • base Of illegitimate birth; born out of wedlock.
    • base Deep; grave: applied to sounds: as, the base tones of a viol. See bass.
    • base In old English law, not held or holding by honorable tenure: as, a base estate, that is, an estate held by services not honorable nor in capite, or by villeinage. Such a tenure is called base or low, and the tenant a base tenant.
    • base Not classical or refined: as, “base Latin,”
    • base Synonyms Ignoble, vulgar, plebeian, mean, contemptible, despicable, abject, sordid, groveling, servile, slavish, menial, rascally, villainous.
    • n base A plaited skirt, reaching from the waist to the knee, worn during the first half of the sixteenth century. In civil costume it was appended to the doublet, or secured to the girdle; it was also worn over armor.
    • n base A skirt of plate - armor, corrugated or ribbed vertically, as if in imitation of the preceding. See lamboys.
    • n base The skirt of a woman's outer garment. The word was used throughout the seventeenth and part of the eighteenth century.
    • n base An apron.
    • n base The housing of a horse: used in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
    • n base In music, same as bass.
    • base To let down; abase; lower.
    • base To lower in character, condition, or rank; degrade; debase.
    • base To reduce the value of by the admixture of meaner elements; debase.
    • n base The bottom of anything, considered as its support, or the part of the thing itself, or a separate feature, on which the thing stands or rests: as, the base of a column; the base of a mountain.
    • n base Hence A fundamental principle or groundwork; foundation; basis.
    • n base In architecture, specifically— The lowest member of a wall, either projecting beyond the face of the portion of the wall above it, or differing otherwise from it in construction, and often resting on a plinth, with or without intervening moldings.
    • n base The member on which the shaft rests in columns of nearly all styles. It appears in most Egyptian forms, but is not present in the Greek Doric column, of which the shaft rests directly on the stylobate. In purely Hellenic examples of the Ionic and Corinthian the base consists of various combinations of moldings on a circular plan, without the awkward square plinth which was universally adopted by the Romans, and was generally retained in the elaborately molded bases of Byzantine and medieval architecture. See cut under column.
    • n base In zoology and botany, the extremity opposite to the apex; the point of attachment, or the part of an organ which is nearest its point of attachment: as, the base of a leaf; the base of a shell. The point of attachment of an anther, however, is sometimes at the apex.
    • n base In zoology, also, that part or extremity of anything by which it is attached to another of higher value or significance.
    • n base In chem., a compound substance which unites with an acid to form a salt. The term is applied to the hydroxids of the metals, to certain metallic oxids, and to groups of atoms containing one or more hydroxyl groups (OH) in which hydrogen is replaceable by an acid radical.
    • n base In pharmacy, the principal ingredient of any compound preparation.
    • n base In crystallography, same as basal plane (which see, under basal).
    • n base In petrography, the amorphous or isotropic portion of the ground-mass of a rock. This may possess a certain amount of structure, rendering it distinct from glass, while not crystalline, when it is known as a microfelsitic base. If a true glass, it may be, according to the amount of devitrification products present, microlitic, globulitic, or glassy. In some recent andesitic lavas it possesses a peculiar appearance, so similar to felt that it is known as a felt-like base. The term magma (which see) has also been used by some writers as equivalent to base.
    • n base In dentistry, the setting for artificial teeth.
    • n base In dyeing, a substance that has an affinity for both the cloth and the coloring matter; a mordant.
    • n base In fortification, the exterior side of the polygon, or that imaginary line which is drawn from the point or salient angle of one bastion to the point of the next.
    • n base In geometry, the line or surface forming that part of a figure on which it is supposed to stand; the side opposite to the apex. The base of a hyperbola or a parabola is a line formed by the common intersection of the secant plane and the base of the cone.
    • n base In arithmetic and algebra, a number from the different powers of which all numbers are conceived as produced. The base of a system of arithmetical notation is a number the multiples of whose powers are added together to express any number; thus, 10 is the base of the decimal system of arithmetic. In the theory of numbers, the base of an index is a number which, being raised to the power represented by the index, gives a number congruent to the number whose index is spoken of. The base of a system of logarithms is the number which, raised to the power indicated by the logarithm, gives the number to which the logarithm belongs. The Napierian base, or base of the Napierian system of logarithms, is the number represented by the infinite series
    • n base It is 2.718281828459 +
    • n base In heraldry, the lower part of the field, the charges in which are said to be in base. It is sometimes considered as divided into dexter, sinister, and middle base, and the charges are blazoned accordingly. See dexter and sinister.
    • n base Milit.: A tract of country protected by fortifications, strong by natural advantages, or for any other reason comparatively secure, from which the operations of an army proceed, or from which supplies are obtained: called distinctively the base of operations or the base of supply.
    • n base The rounded hinder portion of a gun, generally called the base of the breech.
    • n base A small light cannon used in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
    • n base In surveying, same as baseline.
    • n base The place from which racers or tilters start; a starting-post.
    • n base An old game, played in various ways, in some of which it is still practised, and in all of which there are certain spaces marked out, beyond or off which any player is liable to be touched with the hand or struck with a ball by a player on the enemy's side. Forms of this game are known under the names of prisoners' base, rounders, and base-ball, under which last name it has become the national game of the United States.
    • n base One of the spaces marked off in the game of base or prisoners' base. See In base-ball, one of the four corners of the diamond. See base-ball.
    • n base That part of an electromagnetic apparatus which contains the helix, switch, and first and secondary binding-posts.
    • base To form a foundation for.
    • base To use as a groundwork or foundation for; ground; found; establish: with on or upon: as, all sound paper currency must be based on coin or bullion; he bases his arguments upon false premises.
    • n base Another form of bass and barse.
    • n base In chem., this term is properly applied to the hydroxid of a distinctly electropositive metal or compound radical, which easily exchanges hydroxyl for an acid radical, producing a salt; but the same term is often applied in a looser and more general way to other substances of more or less electropositive character, although not containing hydroxyl, as, for example, to ammonia and compounds of analogous structure.
    • n base In the gasteropod Mollusca, the flattened lower surface of the final whorl.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The base of the Great Pyramid of Egypt is large enough to cover 10 football fields.
    • n Base bās that on which a thing rests: foot: bottom: foundation: support: the chief ingredient, as in dyeing and chemistry: the starting-point, in a race: the fixed goal across which the ball is struck in hockey, the fixed stations at base-ball: the point from which the operations of a campaign are conducted: a measured line serving as a basis for trigonometrical calculations: the surface on which a plane or solid figure stands: :
    • v.t Base to found or place on a base:—pr.p. bās′ing; pa.p. based (bāst)
    • adj Base bās low in place, value, estimation, or principle: mean: vile: worthless: debased: counterfeit: :
    • v.t Base bās a form of Abase.
    • n Base bās an old game played by two sides occupying contiguous spaces, called bases or homes, off which any player is liable to be touched with the hand or struck by a ball by the enemy, and so attached to their sides. Forms of this game are known as Prisoner's Base or Bars, and Rounders, and the national American game of Base-ball is a development from it.
    • n Base bās (chem.) a term applied to a compound body, generally consisting of a metal united with oxygen; (archit.) the foot or lower member of a pillar, on which the shaft rests
    • n Base bās (her.) the lower portion of the shield—any figure placed on it is said to be 'in base:' a small portion of the base of a shield parted off by a horizontal line is sometimes called a base
    • adj Base bās (law) servile, as opposed to free: humble
    • adj Base bās (B. and Shak.) lowly
    • ***


  • James Liter
    James Liter
    “One thought driven home is better than three left on base.”
  • Albert Camus
    “Real nobility is based on scorn, courage, and profound indifference.”
  • Decimus Magnus Ausonius
    Decimus Magnus Ausonius
    “When about to commit a base deed, respect thyself, though there is no witness.”
  • Miguel De Cervantes
    “I have always heard, Sancho, that doing good to base fellows is like throwing water into the sea.”
  • Jean Anouilh
    “It takes a certain courage and a certain greatness to be truly base.”
  • Harry Emerson Fosdick
    “Democracy is based upon the conviction that there are extraordinary possibilities in ordinary people.”


Can't get to 1st base - If you can't get to first base, you're having difficulties starting something.
Cover all the bases - If you cover all the bases, you deal with all aspects of a situation or issue, or anticipate all possibilities. ('Cover all bases' is also used.)
Touch base - If you touch base with someone, you contact them.


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. base, L. basis, fr. Gr. ba`sis a stepping, step, a base, pedestal, fr. bai`nein to go, step, akin to E. come,. Cf. Basis, and see Come
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. bas—Low L. bassus, thick, fat, a vulgar Roman word, found also in name Bassus.


In literature:

Stipe short, tapering upward, expanding at the base into a small hypothallus.
"The Myxomycetes of the Miami Valley, Ohio" by A. P. Morgan
Each of these mammoth naval bases had an auxiliary base for anti-submarine and minesweeping divisions.
"Submarine Warfare of To-day" by Charles W. Domville-Fife
When this is done, cut off base of skull.
"Taxidermy" by Leon Luther Pray
Crushed leaves will give the odor, and the sap can best be noticed at the bases of young leaves.
"Trees of the Northern United States" by Austin C. Apgar
We were shoved toward the port-locks at the base of the ship's hull.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, May, 1930" by Various
We must not, however, base premature hypotheses on these facts.
"The Sexual Question" by August Forel
The bases of the greater coverts, however, are black, this generally breaking the white mirror as it is called.
"The Bird Book" by Chester A. Reed
And in a dozen other aircraft bases behind the hard pressed lines were other empty cots.
"Astounding Stories, February, 1931" by Various
The cords are passed through the eyes at the corners of the triangular iron; the base of the triangle fits under the tail.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
Is it true that the Bible is based upon propositions which can be verified by all?
"Carmen Ariza" by Charles Francis Stocking

In poetry:

Our royal master is deceived!
No traitor I!--My loyal heart
Spurns with disdain so base a part!
"The Maid Of Saxony; Or, Who's The Traitor? - Act II" by George Pope Morris
Who, then, is it that hath courage?
He that won't resent
Every little insult given
With a base intent.
"Who Hath The Courage?" by Benjamin Cutler Clark
Wha will be a traitor-knave?
Wha can fill a coward's grave?
Wha sae base as be a slave?
Let him turn and flee!
"Scots Wha Hae " by Robert Burns
Who will be a traitor knave?
Who will fill a drunkard's grave?
Who so base as be a slave?
Do not turn and flee!
"Address To Washingtonians" by John Pierpont
For he did basely them refuse
All legal remedy;
The Romans still he well did use,
Still screen'd their roguery.
"The Viceroy. A Ballad." by Matthew Prior
My watchful enemies combine
To tempt my feet astray;
They flatter, with a base design
To make my soul their prey.
"Psalm 5" by Isaac Watts

In news:

Vizrt, a Norwegian-based provider of high-end graphics and integrated video workflow solutions, will introduce Version 1.2.1 of its Viz Video Hub platform for IT-based production and archiving, at its booth at the 2009 NAB Show in Las Vegas.
Norway-based Vizrt will unveil its Viz Curious Maps Clients mapping software Version 8.0, a template-based software solution to create branded maps and geographic animations at NAB.
While most of the food-based holidays we celebrate are cut-and-dry affairs -- with whatever cloak-based committee deciding on a day and sticking with it -- there's a bit of a mini-controversy surrounding the celebration of waffles.
The Gay Head Wampanoags are represented by Scott D Crowell, a Seattle-based lawyer and Indian advocate, and lawyers from the firm of Steptoe and Johnson, based in Washington, D.C.
As a child, this son of a Navy enlisted man moved with such frequency from town to town, and base to base, that no one ever got to know him long enough to refer to him by his first name.
Camp Shaw- waw -nas-see offers experiential outdoor based education, character development, therapeutic recreation and adventure based recreation to people of all ages and abilities.
Our experimental results show that a SAT-based approach to handle weights , together with CSP-based approach to variable instantiation, is superior to other combinations of SAT and CSP-based approaches.
After years of grassroots touring, Ohio-based jam band The Werks has become a headlining act with a loyal fan base as well as a must-see addition to major music festivals on a national level.
At College of William and Mary , 33.2 percent of full-time undergraduates receive some kind of need-based financial aid and the average need-based scholarship or grant award is $12,760.
Why do GPS-based air traffic control systems allow planes to fly closer together more safely as compared to radar-based systems.
At Yale University , 56.0 percent of full-time undergraduates receive some kind of need-based financial aid and the average need-based scholarship or grant award is $40,894.
At Yeshiva University, 52.5 percent of full-time undergraduates receive some kind of need-based financial aid and the average need-based scholarship or grant award is $25,303.
Nicholas Buckner sparked the Texas Rangers to a 6-4 win over the Washington Nationals by doing it all offensively: getting on base (three for four with a pair of singles and a double), knocking in three runs and also swiping a pair of bases.
The scuttlebutt was that when the base commander, a bird colonel, found out that Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Ohio had a sergeant who made the best pies in the entire Air Force, he demanded that the sergeant be transferred to Louisiana.
Other iPod and iPhone accessories manufacturers, including Playa Vista (Calif.)-based Belkin and Nashville-based Griffin, have announced iPad accessories such as cases and screen-care kits.

In science:

The ma jor features of the tool shed — a SHell for Expeditions using Datamining — are a web-based data query facility, web-based data visualization capability, and a web-based interface to data mining software tools.
A GRB Tool Shed
Moreover, each of these reasoning tasks has been implemented in terms of two independent transformations: The first category of reductions is based on the characterization of extensions discussed above; the second category is based on a characterization of extensions using the notion of a ful l set (Niemel¨a 1995).
QUIP - A Tool for Computing Nonmonotonic Reasoning Tasks
To obtain a simple analytic estimate of the base temperature, we first in tegrate equation (7) with ǫH a constant to find F (y) = ǫH (yb - y), where we ignore compressional heating and the flux from the base.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
After the hydrogen is burned, there is a slight temperature gradient to carry the flux from the base Fb , but the temperature at ignition is mainly set by the temperature at the base of the hydrogen burning shell (FHM; Wallace, Woosley and Weaver 1982).
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
For the largest frequency shifts observed, ∆Ω/Ω ≈ 8 × 10-3, pure He ignition models require a base temperature very close to the limiting value from radiation pressure (eq. ) and F > FEdd , so that the density at the base is decreased, enhancing the expansion.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts