• Balsam Fir
    Balsam Fir
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n balsam an ointment containing a fragrant resin
    • n balsam any seed plant yielding balsam
    • n balsam any of various fragrant oleoresins used in medicines and perfumes
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Balm of Gilead. Balsam Balm of Gilead. Balsam
Hairy Balm of Gilead. Balsam Hairy Balm of Gilead. Balsam

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Balsam A resin containing more or less of an essential or volatile oil.
    • Balsam (Bot) A species of tree (Abies balsamea).
    • Balsam (Bot) An annual garden plant (Impatiens balsamina) with beautiful flowers; balsamine.
    • Balsam Anything that heals, soothes, or restores. "Was not the people's blessing a balsam to thy blood?"
    • v. t Balsam To treat or anoint with balsam; to relieve, as with balsam; to render balsamic.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n balsam An oily, aromatic, resinous substance, exuding spontaneously from trees of the genus Balsamodendron; hence, by extension, any aromatic or odoriferous exudation from trees or shrubs, whether spontaneous or after incision; balm. A great variety of substances pass under this name; but in chemistry the term is confined to vegetable juices, whether they remain liquid or spontaneously become solid, which consist of resins mixed with gums or volatile oils, the resins being produced from the oils by oxidation. A balsam is thus intermediate between a volatile oil and a resin. It is soluble in alcohol and ether, and capable of yielding benzoic acid. The balsams are either liquid or solid: of the former are the balm of Gilead and the balsams of copaiba, Peru, and Tolu (see below); of the latter, benzoin, dragon's blond, and storax. The balsam used in the Roman Catholic Church in the confection of chrism is, by the rubrics, that of Syria or Mecca; but, from difficulty in obtaining this, concessions have been made by the popes for the use of the balsams of Brazil, Tolu, Peru, etc.
    • n balsam An aromatic preparation used for embalming the dead.
    • n balsam Any aromatic fragrant ointment, whether for ceremonial or for medicinal use, as for healing wounds or soothing pain.
    • n balsam Figuratively, any healing or soothing agent or agency.
    • n balsam In alchemy, a healthful preservative essence, of oily penetrative nature, conceived by Paracelsus to exist in all organic bodies.
    • n balsam A tree yielding an aromatic, oily resin. In the United States the name is often applied generally to the firs (species of Abies), and sometimes ignorantly to the spruces also. See balsam-tree.
    • n balsam The Impatiens balsamina, a familiar flowering annual, of Eastern origin, cultivated in many varieties, often called garden-balsam, and in the United States lady's-slipper; also, the native European species, I. Noli-me-tangere, and the American I. fulva. See Impatiens and jewel-weed.
    • n balsam In medical prescriptions abbreviated to bals.
    • balsam To apply balsam or balm to; anoint with balm or balsam.
    • balsam To embalm.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Balsam the resin of the tree Balsamodendron Gileadense, formerly esteemed as an antiseptic, the name originating in the belief that this is the substance mentioned in the Bible as found in Gilead, and called in the English translation 'balm.'
    • n Balsam bawl′sam the common name of a genus of succulent herbaceous plants: a resinous oily substance generally supposed to be derived from a species of Balsamodendron, early famous in the East for its fragrance and medicinal virtues:
    • v.t Balsam to heal:
    • n Balsam bawl′sam (fig.) any healing agent
    • v.t Balsam (rare) embalm
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. balsamum, the balsam tree or its resin, Gr. ba`lsamon. See Balm (n.)


In literature:

When the whole is dry, cover it with two or three coatings of the Balsam of Peru.
"One Thousand Secrets of Wise and Rich Men Revealed" by C. A. Bogardus
Canada balsam, thus obtained, is a clear liquid from a fir tree of the same name.
"Conservation Reader" by Harold W. Fairbanks
Lashing her horse over a strange trail, Rosalind Benham came to a thicket of gnarled fir-balsam and scrub oak that barred her way completely.
"'Firebrand' Trevison" by Charles Alden Seltzer
Sitting on the grass one day in the shade of some fir-balsams on a slope several miles down the river, Sheila looked at Duncan with a smile.
"The Trail to Yesterday" by Charles Alden Seltzer
The boys have cut his forehead, and Hetty wanted to bring him some balsam.
"The Cattle-Baron's Daughter" by Harold Bindloss
At a comparatively early hour I gave the signal for retiring and each one sought his couch of fragrant balsam.
"Fibble, D. D." by Irvin Shrewsbury Cobb
Brambles, speedwells, forget-me-nots, and nettles grow mixed with figs, balsams, peppers, and huge climbing vines.
"The Heart of Nature" by Francis Younghusband
We leave this varied forest behind, and enter the region of the balsam, from the dark color of which the mountain takes its name.
"Southern Literature From 1579-1895" by Louise Manly
How fragrant the resinous balsams!
"Fireside Stories for Girls in Their Teens" by Margaret White Eggleston
Those found in commerce are the balsam of Peru, balsam of Tolu, liquid storax and liquidambar.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 2" by Various

In poetry:

The medicine he did prepare,
Can't fail to work for good:
O balsam pow'rful, precious, rare,
Thy Husband's sacred blood:
"The Believer's Jointure : Chapter I." by Ralph Erskine
The poplar, all its catkins shed,
With balsam-scented leaves is hung,
The ash with pinnate fronds is spread;
The blossom red
Upon the elm is fading fast /
The emerald studs among.
"Leaf-Time" by David Gow
Hope, soft sustainer, whither art thou fled?
Oh, Laura! pour the balsam in my heart;
Then Sleep once more shall rest my aching head,
And blushing Health her cheering sweets impart.
"Sonnet" by Charlotte Dacre
To Him in sorrow's hour I'll go,
And those sweet words of peace recall,
To heal my wounds, to soothe my woe:
Like honeyed balsam they will fall,
And chase all earthly misery—all.
""I will not leave You comfortless"" by John Bowring
You let the poor drops weep,
Weeping is the ease of woe;
Softly let them creep,
Sad that they are vanquished so;
They, though to others no relief,
Balsam may be for their own grief.
"Saint Mar Magdelene; or, The Weeper" by Richard Crashaw
I found myself among the trees
What time the reapers ceased to reap;
And in the sunflower-blooms the bees
Huddled brown heads and went to sleep,
Rocked by the balsam-breathing breeze.
"Since Then" by Madison Julius Cawein

In news:

Out goes the mayonnaise and in comes a healthier white balsamic.
The Ocean's Eleven star, who is currently romancing former wrestler Stacy Keibler, has been a serial dater since 1993, when he split from his wife of four years, Talia Balsam.
Balsamic is a very distinctive Italian vinegar that is aged for at least 10 or up to 100 years in various types of wooden barrels, each imparting its unique flavor and color.
There's no loss in flavor, though, thanks to a sweet and tangy glaze made with soy sauce, sugar and balsamic vinegar.
Balsamic soy- glazed chicken wings.
Balsamic glazed carrots and edamame grilled cheese.
Balsamic glazed carrots and edamame give an added layer of texture and flavor to a grilled cheese sandwich.
Honey-Balsamic Roasted Pears with Goat Cheese .
Balsam-Schwaber Upped to Senior VP of NBCU's Integrated Media Group .
The holiday spheres, made of balsam, are festooned with bright red bows and ribbons.
Heinz Stock Tastes Like $55 With New Balsamic Ketchup On Tap.
Waynesville has once again denied Haywood County's proposition for extending its sewer lines several miles beyond the town limits toward Balsam along US 23/74.
Balsam-Schwaber Upped to Senior VP of NBCU's Integrated Media Group.
The 37-foot balsam fir tree in the Capitol rotunda is decorated with handmade ornaments from school children.
Mushroom-Crusted Lamb Chops With Balsamic Jus.

In science:

The author would like to thank Oleg Viro, Ben Balsam, Zhenghan Wang, Kevin Walker, Anton Kapustin, Alexey Kitaev and Joel Kamnitzer for numerous helpful discussions.
String-net model of Turaev-Viro invariants
Benjamin Balsam and Alexander Kirillov Jr, Turaev-Viro invariants as an extended TQFT, available at arXiv:1004.1533 .
String-net model of Turaev-Viro invariants
Tiffin, 2012 Local Adaptation in the FloweringTime Gene Network of Balsam Poplar, Populus balsamifera L.
Robust identification of local adaptation from allele frequencies