• WordNet 3.6
    • n abutment a masonry support that touches and directly receives thrust or pressure of an arch or bridge
    • n abutment point of contact between two objects or parts
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Abutment A fixed point or surface from which resistance or reaction is obtained, as the cylinder head of a steam engine, the fulcrum of a lever, etc.
    • Abutment In breech-loading firearms, the block behind the barrel which receives the pressure due to recoil.
    • Abutment State of abutting.
    • Abutment That on or against which a body abuts or presses
    • Abutment The solid part of a pier or wall, etc., which receives the thrust or lateral pressure of an arch, vault, or strut.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n abutment The state or condition of abutting.
    • n abutment That which abuts or borders on something else; the part abutting or abutted upon or against. Specifically— Any body or surface designed to resist the thrust or reaction of any material structure, vapor, gas, or liquid that may press upon it; particularly, in architecture, the portion of a pier or other structure that receives the thrust of an arch or vault; a stationary wedge, block, or surface against which water, gas, or steam may react, as in a rotary pump or engine; the lower part of a dock or bridge-pier designed to resist ice or currents in a stream, etc. See bridge and impost. In carpentry: The shoulder of a joiner's plane between which and the plane-bit the wedge is driven. E. H. Knight. Two pieces of wood placed together with the grain of each at a right angle with the other. Their meeting forms an abutting joint.
    • n abutment Sometimes shortened to butment.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • ns Abutment that which abuts:
    • ns Abutment (archit.) what a limb of an arch ends or rests on
    • ***


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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. abouter, lit. to join end to end (à, to, bout, end). See Butt, the end.


In literature:

The road to this ferry is so steep as to be almost precipitous, and the cottages abutting on its side are embowered in fragrant bloom.
"The Cornwall Coast" by Arthur L. Salmon
Declare war on all countries abutting on equator.
"Punch, or the London Charivari, Vol. 147, August 19th, 1914" by Various
So they came down to the bridge, which abuts on an island and accommodates the tram passing from the Ostbahnhof to the Marien Platz.
"A Woman's Will" by Anne Warner
The base of all the abutments of bridges must be equal in thickness to one third of the height of the abutment.
"A New Guide for Emigrants to the West" by J. M. Peck
Enormous cliffs abutted, Yosemite-like, at intervals.
"The Book of the National Parks" by Robert Sterling Yard
The side towers are 18 feet less in height than the central one, and the abutment 35 feet lower than the side towers.
"Lives of the Engineers The Locomotive. George and Robert Stephenson" by Samuel Smiles
The planning of foundations and abutments of bridges requires similar geologic knowledge.
"The Economic Aspect of Geology" by C. K. Leith
Where they stood an abutment of the cliff hid the ravine below.
"The Plant Hunters" by Mayne Reid
Behind Tetuan to the north, the mountainous Anjera country, wild, bare hills abut upon the very city wall.
"In the Tail of the Peacock" by Isabel Savory
They are built in the back yard, generally back to back with the rear buildings on abutting lots.
"The Battle with the Slum" by Jacob A. Riis

In poetry:

Along the gray abutment's wall
The idle shad-net dries;
The toll-man in his cobbler's stall
Sits smoking with closed eyes.
"The Countess" by John Greenleaf Whittier

In news:

South Park Slope (or Greenwood Heights) is a small, quiet place that abuts the neo-Gothic splendor of Greenwood Cemetery to the south and the more affluent brownstone brigade of Park Slope to the north.
We don't know what to make of this…but we can't WAIT to see more videos from Q101 Fans who are PUMPED abut Jamboree 2012.
View full size Ed Murray/The Star-Ledger New Jersey highway officials say three northbound lanes of the Garden State Parkway at the Bergen Toll Plaza , not pictured, are closed after a car hit the toll plaza abutment and burst into flames.
Bartlett has begun the process of annexing by year's end five areas abutting the suburb's borders.
The trails in this open-space preserve just south of Golden, which abuts Denver metro, are well known to mountain bikers but severely underhiked.
The ruins of the Aztecs ' Templo Mayor, in Mexico City's famous Zócalo, where it abuts a Spanish-built cathedral.
Last week, I wrote abut two economists who have found that outsourcing chores and child care is the most economical decision for them and has led to a harmonious family dynamic.
This section of the Lowry property, which abuts the Stratton Apartments on Stratton Road, is where officials wish to relocate the homes.
As workers tear down the abutments of the 15th Street bridge in Allentown, drivers will have to take a detour this weekend.
Last year this affluent, image-savvy town that abuts Newark toyed with the idea of changing its name.
Susanna Vaughan presented pictures from the Woods Campground in Towamensing Township which abuts her property.
On Feb 21, 2003, a 65-year-old physician who lived in the Chinese province that abuts Hong Kong crossed into the territory surrounding the city and checked into a hotel in Kowloon.
We came to a railroad crossing with large stone abutments, a perfect place to try for some smallmouth bass.
In Los Angeles, shorthand for West Hollywood -- the tiny, trendy city abutted by the metropolis on three sides, and by Beverly Hills on the fourth -- is WeHo.
A train collision in Colton led to a full freeway closure after a rail car struck an abutment.

In science:

The analysis of the PT flat field leads us to expect a sharp discontinuity where the secondary patches abut one another.
Improved Photometric Calibration of the SNLS and the SDSS Supernova Surveys
R (M ), with ˜E p,q dR (M ), ( ˜E ′ 1 )p,q = hpH ∗ (C ∗,q , δ) = abutting to Qh,h−1H ∗ hpP Hq−p (M ), p, q ∈ Z.
On Quantum de Rham Cohomology Theory
By the standard theory for double complex (Bott-Tu , §14), there are two spectral sequences E and E ′ abutting to H ∗ (Ω[h], dh ) = QhH ∗dR (M ), with E p,q 1 = hpH q (C p,∗ , d) = hpH q−p dR (M ), (E ′1 )p,q = hpH ∗(C ∗,q , δ) = hpP Hq−p (M ), p ≥ 0.
On Quantum de Rham Cohomology
It has two associated spectral sequences abutting to QhH p,∗(M ).
On Quantum de Rham Cohomology
Similarly, there is a spectral sequence abutting to Qh,h−1 H p,∗(M ) with ˜E k,l 1 = hkH p−k,l (M ).
On Quantum de Rham Cohomology