Vitis

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Vitis the type genus of the family Vitaceae; woody vines with simple leaves and small flowers; includes a wide variety of grapes
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Vitis (Bot) A genus of plants including all true grapevines.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n vitis A genus of plants, including the grape, type of the order Vitaceæ or A mpelidaceæ. It is characterized by polygamodiœcious flowers, each with a cap of 5 coherent caducous petals. From Cissus, its tropical representative, it is further distinguished by its conical or thickened (not subulate) style; and from the other genera, as Ampelopsis, the common Virginia creeper or American ivy, by its pyriform seeds. There are about 30 species, natives of the northern hemisphere, chiefly within temperate regions. They are shrubby climbers with simple or lobed leaves (rarely digitate, like Ampelopsis), and long branching tendrils produced opposite the leaves, and also from the flower-stalk. The inflorescence is a thyrsus of inconspicuous flowers, often very fragrant, usually greenish, and peculiar in the fall of the unopened petals without expansion. The fruit, a pulpy berry, is normally two-celled and with two to four seeds, to which the pulp adheres in the American, but does not in the one or two European species. By Planchon (1872) the genus is divided into two sections—Euvitis, with a peculiar thin brown fibrous bark which soon separates and hangs in shreddy plates; and Muscadinia, consisting of V. rotundifolia (V. vulpina), the muscadine, and V. Munsoniana, the bird-grape of Florida, peculiar in their closely adherent punctate bark, nearly elliptical seeds, somewhat cymose inflorescence, and unbranched tendrils. The most important species, V. vinifera, is the vine of southern and central Europe, known in America as the European, hot-house, or California grape, native in Turkey, Persia, and Tatary, probably also in Greece and in the Himalayas, and now cultivated in the Old World from nearly 55 north to about 40 south latitude, sometimes up to the altitude of 3,000 feet. In England its fruit ripens in the open air only in favorable seasons, although in the eleventh and twelfth centuries an inferior wine was there made from it. It grows in all soils, but best in those which are light and gravelly. Some individuals in warm climates have attained in centuries a trunk 3 feet in diameter. In the United States the climate is not favorable to it, except in California. It is the source of thousands of varieties, obtained by propagation from seed. To continue the original variety in cultivation, propagation by layers, cuttings, grafting, or inoculation is practised. (See vine, and grape, also wine, raisin, and currant.) The species are most abundant in the United States, there estimated by Munson at 23; they are especially numerous in Texas, which has 12 species, or 8 as recognized by Coulter. The eastern United States is thought richer in useful species than any-other part of the world, 4 of the 8 Atlantic species having given rise to valuable cultivated varieties. Of these V. Labrusca, the common wild grape of the New England coast, extends from Canada through the Atlantic States to Tennessee, and from Japan to the Himalayas; it is the source of the Concord, Isabella, Catawba, Iona, Diana, and other grapes, and some claim that an Asiatic hybrid between it and V. rotundifolia was the original of V. vinifera. V. bicolor (formerly included with V. æstivalis), the blue or winter grape, occurs from New York to Wisconsin and southward; and V. æstivalis, the summer grape, from Virginia to Texas. From these come the Delaware and the most promising native American red-wine grapes, as the Cynthiana and Norton's Virginia. V. riparia (V. palmata), the rivergrape,is widely distributed through all the Northern States and Canada to Colorado, and is the only Rocky Mountain species; in cultivation it is extensively used in France to supply phylloxera-proof stock for fine wine-producing varieties of V. vinifera. Many other valuable varieties have been formed from the American grapes by hybridizing with one another or with V. vinifera; these hybrids are in general proof against the phylloxera, and include by far the best American table-grapes. The fourth North Atlantic species, V. cordifolia, the frost-, chicken-, or possum-grape, ranges from New York to Iowa and the Gulf of Mexico, and is the most common of the 3 species of Canada. It produces small blackish or amber-colored fruit, sometimes used, after it has been touched by frost, for preserves. Among these species, V. riparia is readily distinguished by its leaves with a broad rounded basal sinus, and its growing tips enveloped with young undeveloped leaves, and V. cordifolia byleaves with both sides smooth and shining. The other three have the upper surface dark-green and more or less rugose; the lower in V. bicolor bluish with a bloom, in V. æstivalis dusty-flocculent, with short broad stipules, and in V. Labrusca densely white or rusty with close tomentum, with long cordate stipules. Their berries are mostly small—in V. bicolor and V. æstivalis apt to be astringent and white-dotted; those of V. Labrusca and V. rotundifolia. the fox-grapes, have a musky or foxy taste or odor (see fox-grape). The latter, the muscadine or bullace grape, the source of the scuppernong (which see), is the largestfruited American species, and extends from Virginia to Texas, and from Japan to the Himalayas. Many other American species are quite local; 3 are confined to Florida, 7 mainly to Texas, as V. candicans, the mustang or cutthroat grape, and V. monticola, the sweet mountain grape; several others are nearly restricted to the Mississippi valley, as V. cinerea, the sweet winter grape, and V. rubra, an ornamental species. V. Arizonica, the cañongrape of Arizona, and V. (Girdiana, southern California. are small-fruited species; V. Californica, the vaumee of the Indians, bears large clusters of purple fruit of rather pleasant flavor. V. Caribæa is the Jamaica grape or water withe of the West Indies, Mexico, and Central America. The only other American species not found in the United States is V. Blancoii of the Sierra Madre. A few species are peculiar to Asia, 5 to Japan, China, and India, V. Amurensis to Siberia. The numerous tropical and south temperate species formerly ascribed to Vitis are now referred to Cissus, including 17 in Australia. Several in mountains of India and Java produce edible fruit; 3 extend within the southern United States, 2 in Texas—the shrub V. bipinnata (now Cissus stans) and the ornamental vine known as yerba del buey, V. (C.) incisa—and 1 in Florida, V. (C.) sicyoides, for which see china-root and bastard bryony (under bryony).
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Vitis vī′tis a genus of plants, including the grape
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L., a vine
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. vitis, a vine—viēre, to twist.

Usage

In literature:

Stannistreet is captain of her, owners are M'Vitie.
"The Blue Lagoon" by H. de Vere Stacpoole
Viti group of islands, effect of subsidence.
"More Letters of Charles Darwin Volume II" by Charles Darwin
The most known are these, lycanthropia, hydrophobia, chorus sancti Viti.
"The Anatomy of Melancholy" by Democritus Junior
V. VITIS-IDEA (Cowberry, Flowering Box, or Brawlins) a native species, has racemose flowers, and red berries.
"Hardy Ornamental Flowering Trees and Shrubs" by A. D. Webster
It is much the same here, caro Vito Viti, though our mariners do burn so many lamps and offer up so many aves.
"The Wing-and-Wing" by J. Fenimore Cooper
FIJI (125), a group of islands in the S. Pacific Ocean, known also as the Viti Islands; they lie between 15 deg.-22 deg.
"The Nuttall Encyclopaedia" by Edited by Rev. James Wood
The encomienda of Vitis, with about seven thousand men.
"The Philippine Islands, 1493-1803, Volume V., 1582-1583" by Various
VITI, Michele, one of the assassins of Sarpi, ii.
"Renaissance in Italy, Volumes 1 and 2" by John Addington Symonds
The Vitis Labrusca, such as Concord, Worden, Moore's Early and many other varieties, are not hardy unless protected during winter.
"Trees, Fruits and Flowers of Minnesota, 1916" by Various
Viti, Timoteo di, 97, 98.
"A Text-Book of the History of Painting" by John C. Van Dyke
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In poetry:

Grappoli enormi e picciolette viti
Ornan le balze--ridenti festoni!--
E all'arse gole fa graziosi inviti
Lo scialbo color d'ambra dei limoni.
"Cagliari" by Ferdinando Fontana

In news:

This particular meke took place on the main island of Viti Levu, Viti meaning " Fiji " in Fijian , levu meaning "big.
Floodwaters inundate the tourist town of Nadi on the island of Viti Levu, Fiji .
Len Lindstrand III / Shasta CNPS California wild grape (Vitis californica) is a vigorous vine often seen growing near streams.
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In science:

This completely unexpected result sparked a flurry of theoretical and experimental acti vity to understand and better describe this surprising behavior.
Rates and Progenitors of Type Ia Supernovae
Collings, M. P., Anderson, M. A., Chen, R., Dever, J. W., Viti, S., Williams, D. A., McCoustra, M. R. S. 2004. A laboratory survey of the thermal desorption of astrophysically relevant molecules.
Ice Lines, Planetesimal Composition and Solid Surface Density in the Solar Nebula
SE L F -CON FIGURAT ION : EXAM P L E AND VAL IDAT ION We now apply the distributed algorithm to examples of self-con figuration of wireless networks for (a) 1-connecti vity formation of physical topology; (b) scheduling for a logical con figuration; and (c) localized failure adaptation.
Randomized Distributed Configuration Management of Wireless Networks: Multi-layer Markov Random Fields and Near-Optimality
The basic scenario here is that baryons are directly redistributed by adiabatic contraction, radiative cooling, various feedbacks from galaxies and their central black holes, and star formation activities etc., and then dark matter distribution is modified through the gra vity coupling with baryons.
Influence of baryons on spatial distribution of matter: higher order correlation functions
However, the composition of CM Dra, while not known positively, is very likely subsolar (Viti et al. 1997, 2002; Morales et al. 2009a; Kuznetsov et al. 2012), meaning our models are probably more discrepant than indicated by this study.
Reevaluating the Mass-Radius Relation for Low-Mass, Main Sequence Stars
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