Viaticum

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Viaticum (Rom. Antiq) An allowance for traveling expenses made to those who were sent into the provinces to exercise any office or perform any service.
    • Viaticum Provisions for a journey.
    • Viaticum (R. C. Ch) The communion, or eucharist, when given to persons in danger of death.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n viaticum Provision for a journey.
    • n viaticum In Rom, antiq., an allowance for the expenses of the journey, made to officers who were sent into the provinces to exercise any office or perform any service. Under the republic it had the form of transportation and supplies furnished by state contractors; under the empire it was a fixed payment of money.
    • n viaticum The eucharist: in old usage generally, in modern usage exclusively, employed to designate it as given to a person in danger of death. According to Roman Catholic, Greek, etc., ecclesiastical law, such persons are allowed to receive the communion, even if they are not fasting, and they may do so again and again in the same illness if circumstances render it expedient. The viaticum is given by the parish priest, or by another priest deputed by him.
    • n viaticum A portable altar: so called because often taken to the bedside of the dying.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Viaticum vī-at′ik-um (orig.) provisions for the way:
    • n Viaticum vī-at′ik-um (R.C. Church) the eucharist given to persons in danger of death: a portable altar
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L., from viaticus, a. See Viatic
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L.,—via, a way.

Usage

In literature:

The Archbishop of Auch, accompanied by quite a retinue of ecclesiastics, approached with the holy viaticum.
"Louis XIV., Makers of History Series" by John S. C. Abbott
The doctor had said that they must send for the viaticum.
"The Conspirators" by Alexandre Dumas (Pere)
For it was just about this time that the Viaticum must have been administered to his father.
"Holbein" by Beatrice Fortescue
Then he anointed him, for Daly's condition did not permit of his receiving Holy Viaticum.
"A Boy Knight" by Martin J. (Martin Jerome) Scott
No; that miniature is not the viaticum for eternity.
"Marie Antoinette and the Downfall of Royalty" by Imbert de Saint-Amand
Mattress and all, he was borne into the sick-room, where he administered the viaticum to the dying woman.
"Seeds of Pine" by Janey Canuck
It was a viaticum for the Middle Ages and a signal for the Renaissance.
"Historia Amoris: A History of Love, Ancient and Modern" by Edgar Saltus
It is a procession, going to carry the viaticum, the last sacrament, to a dying person.
"To Cuba and Back" by Richard Henry Dana
He said the mass, and paused when he came to the viaticum.
"Fairy and Folk Tales of the Irish Peasantry" by William Butler Yeats
Extreme unction and the viaticum, if demanded or requested by the sick, should be governed by the same, rule.
"A Philosophical Dictionary, Volume 9 (of 10)" by François-Marie Arouet (AKA Voltaire)
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In poetry:

Sure, she was one who, being dead, yet brought me.
Miraculous, a strength that comforteth,
And the Viaticum of her survival
Guiding me from the further side of Death.
"She Of The Garden" by Emile Verhaeren
Henceforth no more beneath the veils, Viaticum no more,
But Rest and Consummation upon the other Shore.
The bell was ringing Complin, the night began to fall;
They laid him in the ashes and waited for the call.
"Brevi Tempore Magnum Perfecit Opus" by Digby Mackworth Dolben