# Town

## Definitions

• A PUEBLO TOWN
• WordNet 3.6
• n town the people living in a municipality smaller than a city "the whole town cheered the team"
• n town an urban area with a fixed boundary that is smaller than a city "they drive through town on their way to work"
• n town an administrative division of a county "the town is responsible for snow removal"
• n Town United States architect who was noted for his design and construction of truss bridges (1784-1844)
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### Additional illustrations & photos:

Plan of a Part Of the Ancient Town Of Kahun
The Town Hall, Godalming
The town of Cuffies
Old Market Square, Upper Town
There'll Be a Hot Time in the Old Town To-night 279
No. 141, Bayham Street, Camden Town, where the Dickens Family lived in 1823
The High St Town Malling
The Sportsman Tonbridge, At Rochester, On Town Hall, High St. Tonbridge

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
• Interesting fact: There is a town in Norway called "Hell"
• Town A farm or farmstead; also, a court or farmyard.
• Town A township; the whole territory within certain limits, less than those of a country.
• Town Any collection of houses larger than a village, and not incorporated as a city; also, loosely, any large, closely populated place, whether incorporated or not, in distinction from the country, or from rural communities. "God made the country, and man made the town ."
• Town Any number or collection of houses to which belongs a regular market, and which is not a city or the see of a bishop.
• Town Formerly: An inclosure which surrounded the mere homestead or dwelling of the lord of the manor. Obs The whole of the land which constituted the domain. Obs A collection of houses inclosed by fences or walls.
• Town The body of inhabitants resident in a town; as, the town voted to send two representatives to the legislature; the town voted to lay a tax for repairing the highways.
• Town The court end of London; -- commonly with the.
• Town The metropolis or its inhabitants; as, in winter the gentleman lives in town; in summer, in the country. "Always hankering after the diversions of the town .""Stunned with his giddy larum half the town ."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
• Interesting fact: There is a town named Dildo in the province of Newfoundland, Canada
• n town An inclosure; a collection of houses inclosed by a hedge, palisade, or wall for safety; a walled or fortified place.
• n town Any collection of houses larger than a village; in a general sense, a city or borough: as, London town; within a mile of Edinburgh town: often opposed to country, in which use it is usually preceded by the definite article. It is frequently applied absolutely, and without the proper name of the place, to a metropolis or county town, or to the particular city in which or in the vicinity of which the speaker or writer is; as, to go to town; to be in town—London being in many cases implied by English writers.
• n town A large assemblage of adjoining or nearly adjoining houses, to which a market is usually incident, and which is not a city or bishop's see.
• n town A tithing; a vill; a subdivision of a county, as a parish is a subdivision of a diocese.
• n town The body of persons resident in a town or city; the townspeople: with the.
• n town In legal usage in the United States:
• n town In many of the States, one of the several subdivisions into which each county is divided, more accurately called, in the New England States and some others, township.
• n town In most of the States, the corporation, or quasi corporation, composed of the inhabitants of one of such subdivisions, in some States designated by law as a township or incorporated township or township organization.
• n town In a few of the States, a municipal corporation (not formed of one of the subdivisions of a county, but having its own boundaries like a city) with less elaborate organization and powers than a city. The word town is popularly used both in those senses, and also in the sense of ‘a collection of dwellings,’ which is characteristic of most towns. Thus, the name of a town, such as Famington, serves to indicate, according to the context, either the geographical area, as in the phrase “the boundaries of the town” (indicated on maps by a light or dotted line), or the body politic, as in speaking of the town and county highways respectively, or the central settlement from which distances are usually measured, as on the sign-boards. When used in the general sense of a densely populated community, the boundaries are usually not identical with those of any primary division of the county, but include only the space occupied by agglomerated houses.
• n town A farm or farmstead; a farm-house with its connected buildings.
• n town An officer of a parish who collects moneys from the parents of illegitimate children for the maintenance of the latter.
• n town Synonyms and
• n town Hamlet, Village, Town, City. A hamlet is a group of houses smaller than a village. The use of the other words in the United Kingdom is generally more precise than it is in the United States, but all are used more or less loosely. A village may have a church, but has generally no market; a town has both, and is frequently incorporated; a city is a corporate town, and is or has formerly been the see of a bishop, with a cathedral. In the United States a village is smaller than a town, and a town usually smaller than a city; there are incorporated villages as well as cities. Some places incorporated as cities are smaller than many that have only a town organization.
• town Of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a town; urban: as, town life; town manners.
• town The town prison; a bridewell.
• town A poorhouse.
• town A house or mansion in town, as distinguished from a country residence.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
• Interesting fact: Budweiser beer is named after a town in Czechoslovakia
• n Town town a place larger than a village, not a city: the inhabitants of a town
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## Quotations

• Warwick Deeping
“I spent a year in that town, one Sunday.”
• Sam Walton
“There's a lot more business out there in small town America than I ever dreamed of.”
• Edward M. Forster
“Towns are excrescences, gray fluxions, where men, hurrying to find one another, have lost themselves.”
• Will Rogers
“So live that you wouldn't be ashamed to sell the family parrot to the town gossip.”
• Sharon Stone
“If you have a vagina and an attitude in this town, then that's a lethal combination.”
• Source Unknown
“It's a mining town in lotus land.”

## Idioms

Ghost town - A ghost town is a town that has been abandoned or is in decline and has very little activity.
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New sheriff in town - This is used when a new authority figure takes charge.
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Paint the town red - If you go out for a night out with lots of fun and drinking, you paint the town red.
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Talk of the town - When everybody is talking about particular people and events, they are he talk of the town.
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## Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. toun, tun, AS. tun, inclosure, fence, village, town; akin to D. tuin, a garden, G. zaun, a hadge, fence, OHG. zun, Icel. tun, an inclosure, homestead, house, Ir. & Gael. dun, a fortress, W. din,. Cf. Down (adv. & prep.) Dune tine to inclose
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. tún, an enclosure, town; Ice. tún, an enclosure, Ger. zaun, a hedge.

## Usage

### In literature:

It was within the limits of the present town of Middleborough.
"King Philip" by John S. C. (John Stevens Cabot) Abbott
We had murthers in the town an' all round the town.
"Ireland as It Is" by Robert John Buckley (AKA R.J.B.)
Strolled through town of Sukhur.
"The Last Voyage" by Lady (Annie Allnutt) Brassey
The Dean did exactly as he had said with reference to the house in town.
"Is He Popenjoy?" by Anthony Trollope
We haven't any theatre in this 'ere town, and don't have much dancing.
"Daughters of the Revolution and Their Times" by Charles Carleton Coffin
The town has been pinched between the steep hills, and forced to straggle back for miles along the harbour inlet.
"Westward with the Prince of Wales" by W. Douglas Newton
Go from town to town, from house to house.
"Friars and Filipinos" by Jose Rizal
We were principally in town, living in very good style.
"The Complete Project Gutenberg Works of Jane Austen" by Jane Austen
The Zane family home was here long after Wheeling became a town.
"Boys' Book of Frontier Fighters" by Edwin L. Sabin
Town after town in Plymouth Colony of southeastern Massachusetts was laid in ashes by fierce surprise attacks.
"Boys' Book of Indian Warriors" by Edwin L. Sabin
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### In poetry:

My only Love is always near,
In country or in town
I see her twinkling feet, I hear
The whisper of her gown.
"The Unrealised Ideal" by Frederick Locker-Lampson
There was a jolly Cobler
Who lived in Boston Town
He work'd the Sun into the Sky
And then he work'd it down.
"Song (Number 1)" by Royall Tyler
Concealing unrepentantly
And trimming you in white,
How often he has brought you home
Into the town at night!
"First Snow" by Boris Pasternak
When you come to London Town,
(Grieving-grieving!)
With the others grieving.
"London Stone" by Rudyard Kipling
King of a Realm of Magic,
He was the fool of the town,
Hiding the ache of the tragic
Under the grin of the clown.
"The Poet's Town" by John Gneisenau Neihardt
So up they walked through Boston town,
And met a maiden fair,
A little basket on her arm
So snowy-white and bare.
"Kathleen" by John Greenleaf Whittier

### In news:

Sylva 's Town Board named twentyfive year old Jackson County native Paige Roberson as the new town manager last Thursday.
To hope-dealer Chi Town, to factory-life Chi Town.
The Camillus Town Board voted 7-0 Tuesday to hold a public hearing on whether to abolish the receiver of taxes position and give its duties to the town clerk.
It's a football town in the fall, a baseball town in the spring and a very slow town in the middle of the summer.
The Trenton Town Board gathered Wednesday for their regular meeting, but without Town Supervisor Mark Scheidelman following the child sex abuse allegations.
I attended the Old Town Chinatown Neighborhood Association's town meeting at Portland Development Commission headquarters in Old Town.
Town of Anthony trustees held a special meeting to discuss the future of their town clerk Friday afternoon, but were unable to conduct any business due to overcrowding.
The St Armand town council has named a new town clerk .
Ida's town clerk has been arrested from stealing from the town's coffers.
The Thorsby Town Council approved Crystal Smith as the new town clerk during Monday's meeting.
Harrietstown town clerk Patricia Gillmett, center, at a recent meeting of the town board.
Brett Carlsen/The New York Times In this September photo, Rose Marie Belforti, the elected town clerk , is shown working in her office at the Ledyard town hall.
ROTTERDAM — Eunice Esposito has resigned from her position as Town Clerk for Rotterdam, effective July 31, after residents had publicly questioned her absence from Town Hall.
Councilor Nathalie Stroup and Town Clerk Sarah Luckie terminated their careers with the town that has seen two other officials resign in a year.
In what's become the traditional start of the town election calendar, the town clerk 's office will hold an information night for those considering a run for office in November.
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### In science:

The black circles show the current (2006) position of the main town centres.
Random planar graphs and the London street network
While Schawlow and Townes had K = 1, appropriate for a nearly closed cavity, it was later realized (Pet79; Sie89) that an open cavity has an enhancement factor K ≥ 1 called the “Petermann factor”.
Applications of random matrix theory to condensed matter and optical physics
Schawlow-Townes expectations, while the transition from g(2) (0) = 2 to unity is not abrupt and thus does not permit a more precise determination of the threshold than the L − L curve.
Definition of the stimulated emission threshold in high-$\beta$ nanoscale lasers through phase-space reconstruction
As then studied by Townes & Melnick (1990), with such levels of atmospheric water vapour the sub-mm bands from 350mm to 1 mm are open virtually continuously.
Astronomy in Antarctica
Townes GH, Melnick G (1990) Atmospheric transmission in the far-infrared at the South Pole and astronomical applications.
Astronomy in Antarctica
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