- n Syngonium epiphytic or terrestrial climbing shrubs of Central and South America; used as ornamental houseplants for their velvety foliage
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n syngonium A genus of monocotyledonous plants, of the order Araceæ, type of the subtribe Syngonieæ. It is characterized by a climbing shrubby stem, stamens connate into a prismatic body, and coherent ovaries with anatropous basilar ovules solitary in their one or two cells. The fruit is a mucilaginous syncarp, composed of coalescent berries with black obovoid seeds without albumen, and mainly composed of the large embryo. There are about 10 species, natives of tropical America, from the West Indies and Mexico to Brazil. They are irregular climbers, rooting at the nodes, and there bearing long-stalked leaves, the earlier arrow-shaped, the later three- to nine-divided. The flowers are produced on a monœcious spadix, the staminate part club-shaped and much longer, borne in a still longer spathe, which consists of an ovoid persistent tube and a shell-shaped, finally reflexed, and deciduous upper section. S. auritum, long cultivated under the name Caladium, is known in Jamaica as fivefinger, from its five-parted leaves.