• Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Steenkirk A kind of neckcloth worn in a loose and disorderly fashion.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n steenkirk A name brought into fashion, after the battle of Steenkirk, for several articles, especially of dress, as wigs, buckles, large neckties, and powder; especially, a cravat of fine lace, loosely and negligently knotted, with long hanging ends, one of which was often passed through a buttonhole.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Steenkirk stēn′kerk a lace cravat loosely worn, so named from the defeat of William III. by Luxembourg at Steenkerke, August 3, 1692.
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
So called from the battle of Steinkirk, in 1692, on which occasion the French nobles had no time to arrange their lace neckcloths


In literature:

Where did you get your steenkirk, Harry?
"The History of Henry Esmond, Esq." by W. M. Thackeray
Take the diamond solitaire I wear in my great Steenkirk on Sundays.
"The Strange Adventures of Captain Dangerous, Vol. 2 of 3" by George Augustus Sala
Round his neck is a black Steenkirk cravat (a black silk tie knotted and twisted or allowed to hang over loose).
"English Costume" by Dion Clayton Calthrop
These kinds of muskets were used at the battles of Steenkirke and Landen.
"The Nameless Island" by Percy F. Westerman