Scutellaria

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Scutellaria an asterid dicot genus that includes the skullcaps
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n scutellaria A genus of gamopetalous plants, of the order Labialæ and tribe Stachydeæ, type of the subtribe Scutella riese. It is distinguished by its peculiar two-lipped calyx, which is enlarged and closed in fruit, bearing a scale or projecting appendage above, with both lips entire, the lower persistent, the other falling with the inclosed fruit. From Perilomia, which alone has a similar calyx, it is distinguished by its corolla with an enlarged and hooded or galeate upper lip, its roundish nutlets, and its transverse seeds. There are about 100 species, widely dispersed through temperate regions and among tropical mountains, and abundant in the United States, which contains one quarter of the species. They are chiefly known as skullcap and helmet-flower, and are annual or perennial herbs, spreading or erect, and rarely shrubs. They bear opposite and commonly toothed leaves, and rather large blue, violet, scarlet, or yellow flowers in the axils or disposed in a terminal spike or raceme. See skullcap; also madweed, hoodwort. and hedge-hyssop, 2.
    • n scutellaria A yellow crystalline substance, C10-H8O3, found in the root of the mad-dog skullcap, Scutellaria lateriflora. It melts at 199° C. and is used in cases of chorea and insomnia.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Scutellaria a genus of gamopetalous plants, known as skullcaps
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Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L., dim. of scutra, a platter.

Usage

In literature:

Linum trigynum commences at Mahadeb; Scutellaria a little above, but I have found this at the foot.
"Journals of Travels in Assam, Burma, Bhootan, Afghanistan and TheNeighbouring Countries" by William Griffith
Scutellaria minor and galericulata .
"Handbook to the Severn Valley Railway Illustrative and Descriptive of Places along the Line from Worcester to Shrewsbury" by J. Randall
Embryo straight (except in Scutellaria); radicle at the base of the fruit.
"The Manual of the Botany of the Northern United States" by Asa Gray
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