Santalum

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Santalum parasitic trees of Indonesia and Malaysia
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Santalum (Bot) A genus of trees with entire opposite leaves and small apetalous flowers. There are less than a dozen species, occurring from India to Australia and the Pacific Islands. See Sandalwood.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n santalum A genus of apetalous trees and shrubs, the sandalwoods, type of the order Santalaceæ, belonging to the tribe Osyrideæ. The flowers are perfect, marked by parallel anther-cells which open lengthwise, by a sheathing disk produced into distinct fleshy scales, and by a bill-shaped or ovoid perianth, its tube adherent to the base of the ovary, the limb deeply divided into usually four valvate lobes, the stamens, together with clusters of hairs, borne on their base. The 8 species are native from the East Indies to Australia and the Pacific islands. They are smooth plants, bearing opposite or rarely alternate petioled coriaceous leaves, which are feather-veined, but with the midrib alone conspicuous. The flowers are borne in the upper axils or in short loose terminal panicles trichotomously branching, and are followed by roundish drupes crowned by the ring-like scar of the fallen perianth. For species, see sandalwood (with cut).
    • n santalum [lowercase] The wood of Pterocarpus Santalinus, often called red saunders.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Santalum the type genus of the sandalwood family
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
NL. See Sandalwood

Usage

In literature:

Both yesterday and to-day, the 27th of April, we saw several stunted specimens of the sandal-wood-tree of commerce, santalum.
"Australia Twice Traversed, The Romance of Exploration" by Ernest Giles
The Santalum Preissianum, the so-called native peach, with edible fruit, is found generally on the whole route.
"Explorations in Australia" by John Forrest
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