• WordNet 3.6
    • n Sabbath a day of rest and worship: Sunday for most Christians; Saturday for the Jews and a few Christians; Friday for Muslims
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In Israel, religious law forbids picking your nose on Sabbath
    • Sabbath A season or day of rest; one day in seven appointed for rest or worship, the observance of which was enjoined upon the Jews in the Decalogue, and has been continued by the Christian church with a transference of the day observed from the last to the first day of the week, which is called also Lord's Day. "Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy."
    • Sabbath Fig.: A time of rest or repose; intermission of pain, effort, sorrow, or the like. "Peaceful sleep out the sabbath of the tomb."
    • Sabbath The seventh year, observed among the Israelites as one of rest and festival.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Monday's Child is fair of face, Tuesday's child is full of grace, Wednesday's child is full of woe, Thursday's child has far to go, Friday's child is loving and giving, Saturday's child has to work for its living, But a child that's born on the Sabbath Day, Is fair and wise and good and gay.
    • n Sabbath In the Jewish calendar, the seventh day of the week, now known as Saturday, observed as a day of rest from secular employment, and of religious observance.
    • n Sabbath The first day of the week, similarly observed by most Christian denominations: more properly designated Sunday, or the Lord's Day. The seventh day of the week, appointed by the fourth commandment, is still commonly observed by the Jews and by some Christian denominations. (See Sabbatarian.) But the resurrection of the Lord, on the first day of the week, being observed as a holy festival by the early church, soon supplanted the seventh day, though no definite law, either divine or ecclesiastical, directed the change. A wide difference of opinion exists among divines as regards both the grounds and the nature of this observance. On the one hand it is maintained that the obligation of Sabbath observance rests upon positive law as embodied in the fourth commandment; that the institution, though not the original day, is of perpetual obligation; that the day, but not the nature of its requirements, was providentially changed by the resurrection of Jesus Christ and the consequent action of the Christian church; and that, to determine what is the nature of the obligations of the day, we must go back to the original commandment and the additional Jewish laws. This may be termed the Puritan view, and it defines thus the nature of the Sabbath obligation: “This Sabbath is then kept holy unto the Lord, when men, after a due preparing of their hearts, and ordering of their common affairs beforehand, do not only observe an holy rest all the day from their own works, words, and thoughts about their worldly employments and recreations; but also are taken up the whole time in the public and private exercises of His worship, and in the duties of necessity and mercy.” (West. Conf. of Faith, xxi. § 8.) The other view is that the fourth commandment is, strictly speaking, a part of the Jewish law, and not of perpetual obligation, though valuable as a guide to the Christian church; that this commandment, like the rest of the Jewish ceremonial law, is abrogated in the letter by Christ; and that the obligation of the observance of one day in seven as a day of rest and devotion rests upon the resurrection of the Lord, the usage of the church, the apostolic practice, and the blessing of God which has evidently followed such observance. This is the view of the Roman Catholic Church, of the Greek Church, of many Anglicans, and of others, including the Protestants of the European continent. It naturally involves a much less strict regulation of the day. Between these two opinions there are a variety of views, the more common one probably being that the obligation to observe one day in seven as a day of holy rest is grounded upon the fourth commandment and is of perpetual obligation, but that the day to be observed and the nature of the observance are left to the determination of the Christian church in the exercise of a Christian liberty and discretion. Other terms for the Sabbath are Sunday, the Lord's Day, and First-day. Sabbath designates the institution as well as the day, and is still in vogue in Jewish and Puritan usage and literature, but properly indicates an obligation based upon the fourth commandment and a continuance of the Jewish observance. Sunday (the Sun's day) is originally the title of a pagan holiday which the Christian holiday supplanted, and is the common designation of the day. The Lord's Day (the day of the Lord's resurrection) is of Christian origin, but is chiefly confined to ecclesiastical circles and religious literature. First-day is the title employed by the Friends to designate the day, their object being to avoid both pagan and Jewish titles.
    • n Sabbath [lowercase] A time of rest or quiet; respite from toil, trouble, pain, sorrow, etc.
    • n Sabbath [lowercase] The sabbatical year among the Israelites.
    • n Sabbath A midnight meeting supposed in the middle ages to have been held annually by demons, sorcerers, and witches, under the leadership of Satan, for the purpose of celebrating their orgies. More fully called Witches' Sabbath. Also, archaically, Sabbat.
    • Sabbath Of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the Sabbath (or, by common but less proper use, Sunday): as, Sabbath duties; Sabbath observance; Sabbath stillness.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: According to law, no store is allowed to sell a toothbrush on the Sabbath in Providence, Rhode Island. Yet these same stores are allowed to sell toothpaste and mouthwash on Sundays.
    • n Sabbath sab′ath among the Jews, the seventh day of the week, set apart for the rest from work: among Christians, the first day of the week, in memory of the resurrection of Christ, called also Sunday and the Lord's Day: among the ancient Jews, the seventh year, when the land was left fallow: a time of rest
    • adj Sabbath pertaining to the Sabbath
    • adj Sabbath pertaining to the Sabbath or to Sabbatarians
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. sabat, sabbat, F. sabbat, L. sabbatum, Gr. sa`bbaton, fr. Heb. shabbāth, fr. shābath, to rest from labor. Cf. Sabbat


In literature:

On the Sabbath only works of necessity were performed, and he conducted religious services.
"From Farm House to the White House" by William M. Thayer
Duncan Polite stepped out of the little gate one Sabbath afternoon, late in July, and joined his old friend on his way to Sabbath school.
"Duncan Polite" by Marian Keith
I would come to him as his Sabbath guest; he would surely fall upon my neck.
"Ghetto Comedies" by Israel Zangwill
The Germans call witches' dances what we call the sabbath.
"The Phantom World" by Augustin Calmet
The next day was the Sabbath, and all remained on board the ship engaged in their Sabbath devotions.
"King Philip" by John S. C. (John Stevens Cabot) Abbott
Her lover's neglect of the Sabbath was the next question, for Thora was a true and loving daughter of the Church of England.
"An Orkney Maid" by Amelia Edith Huddleston Barr
He awaited the Sabbath afternoon in a frenzy of spiritual ecstasy.
"Dreamers of the Ghetto" by I. Zangwill
She came in like the breath of the spring Sabbath.
"A Singer from the Sea" by Amelia Edith Huddleston Barr
Besides, in the New Testament, Jesus said, 'The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath'!
"Cloudy Jewel" by Grace Livingston Hill
Working on the Sabbath and murder were both punished with death.
"The Ghosts" by Robert G. Ingersoll

In poetry:

Dear child! I know that thou wilt grieve
To see me taken from thy love,
Wilt seek my grave at Sabbath eve,
And weep, and scatter flowers above.
"Life" by William Cullen Bryant
The years will wax and wane, and bring
Their breathing space of Sabbaths still;
But other voices then will sing
Within the church upon the hill.
"In Memoriam" by Alexander Anderson
The sweet, sweet voice that duly cheer'd
A grateful Sabbath train,
The uprais'd eye that taught them more
Of Heaven, than all their student lore,
Must ne'er return again.
"Miss Anna M. Seymour," by Lydia Howard Huntley Sigourney
Close the sabbath-day in joy,
Close the sabbath-day in praise;
O how lovely the employ,
Anthems in God's name to raise!
Whose sweet-echoed notes shall chime
O'er the distant march of time.
"Sabbath Evening" by John Bowring
But where is the Sabbath of God and of heaven?
In the breast of the saint, of the sinner forgiven.
And where is the rest of enjoyment divine?
In the heart of the Christian — And is it in thine?
"The Sabbath" by Caroline Fry
"But dinna be frichten'd; come oot, follow me,
I'll lead you to something that's gi'en unto thee;"
An' she thocht that saft voice can come frae nae ill—
It speaks for the Sabbath, sae follow I will.
"The Angel's Treasure" by Janet Hamilton

In news:

Watch Black Sabbath 's 'Paranoid' Birmingham Performance.
Bill Ward Hopes for Return to Black Sabbath .
Black Sabbath 's Download Performance Surfaces.
10 Year-Old's Band Covers Black Sabbath 's War Pigs.
Bill Ward cropped out of Black Sabbath images on band's site.
Drummer Bill Ward calls his new contract with Black Sabbath "unsignable".
Faith, the Sabbath and How to Live a Meaningful Life.
Black Sabbath are back — in print and on film.
Not Black Sabbath , I guess.
LONDON, UK (BRAIN)—The full range from the young British bike brand, Sabbath Bicycles, will be available in the United States for the first time thanks to a distribution agreement with Pennsylvania-based EU Cycle Imports.
11-16-12: Your Place at the Sabbath Table.
Keeping the Sabbath 52 Saturdays or 52 Sundays a year is equivalent to seven and a half weeks of vacation.
As you know, the BLACK SABBATH reunion has hit two major stumbling blocks, guitarist Tony Iommi's cancer treatment and drummer Bill Ward's contract dispute.
Joe Lieberman Discusses Hot Sabbath Sex.
Church Marks Children's Sabbath .