Physiocrat

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Physiocrat One of the followers of Quesnay of France, who, in the 18th century, founded a system of political economy based upon the supremacy of natural order.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n physiocrat One who advocates the doctrines of physiocracy; specifically, one of a group of French philosophers and political economists, followers of François Quesnay (1694-1774), which rose to prominence in the latter half of the eighteenth century, and maintained that a natural constitution or order exists in society, the violation of which has been the cause of all the evils suffered by man. A fundamental right derived from this constitution or order was held to be freedom of person, of opinion, of property, and of contract or exchange. The physiocrats regarded land or raw materials as the sole source of wealth, leaving out of account the elements of labor and capital, and denying the dogma of the. mercantile system that wealth consists in the precious metals. They maintained that, as wealth consisted entirely in the produce of land, all revenue should be raised by a direct tax on land. They advocated complete freedom of trade and the doc trine of laisser-faire. See physiocracy.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Physiocrat one who maintains these opinions
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Gr. fy`sis nature + to rule
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. physis, nature, kratein, to rule.

Usage

In literature:

Nor must the emphasis of the Physiocrats upon free trade be forgotten.
"Political Thought in England from Locke to Bentham" by Harold J. Laski
Such was the doctrine of the physiocratic school, of which FRANCOIS QUESNAY (1694-1774) was the chief.
"A History of French Literature" by Edward Dowden
But the citizens of the United States may be pardoned for being physiocrats.
"The Rural Life Problem of the United States" by Horace Curzon Plunkett
The Physiocrats based their theories upon the natural rights of individuals to liberty.
"Introduction to the Science of Sociology" by Robert E. Park
To this extent at least the physiocrats were empirical.
"Benjamin Franklin" by Frank Luther Mott
It would be easy to point out the close resemblance of certain features of this ideal of Jefferson with the theories of the Physiocrats.
"Thomas Jefferson" by Gilbert Chinard
Nature, then, is the final term in the Physiocratic speculations.
"The Place of Science in Modern Civilisation and Other Essays" by Thorstein Veblen
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