Maniple

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Maniple A division of the Roman army numbering sixty men exclusive of officers; any small body of soldiers; a company.
    • Maniple A handful.
    • Maniple Originally, a napkin; later, an ornamental band or scarf worn upon the left arm as a part of the vestments of a priest in the Roman Catholic Church. It is sometimes worn in the English Church service.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n maniple A handful.
    • n maniple In Roman antiquity, a military company consisting normally of 120 men in three out of the four classes of infantry (velites, hastati, and principes), and of 60 men in the fourth (triarii), with two (first and second) centurions and a standard-bearer. Three maniples constituted a cohort.
    • n maniple Hence A company or any small body of soldiers.
    • n maniple In the Western Church, one of the eucharistic vestments, consisting of a short, narrow strip, similar in material, width, and color to the stole. It is marked with a cross and generally embroidered and fringed. The maniple is worn by prelates, priests, deacons, and subdeacons, hanging from the left sleeve of the alb, fastened near the wrist, or attached by strings, pins, or a button. It is assumed by the celebrant after the alb and girdle, and before the stole. A bishop assumes it at the Indulgentiam. In Anglican churches maniples are worn, as in themedieval church, three or four feet in length; in the Roman Catholic Church they are now much shorter. The maniple seems to have first come into use in the eighth century, and was originally a piece of white linen used as a handkerchief. Till the twelfth century and later it continued to be held in the hand. There is no corresponding vestment in the Eastern Church, though some writers have confounded the epimanikion with it. Other names formerly given to the maniple were fanon or phanon, mantile, manutergium, mappula or mappa, and sudarium.
    • n maniple In the middle ages, a garment worn under the armor.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Maniple man′i-pl a company of foot-soldiers in the Roman army: in the Western Church, a eucharistic vestment, a narrow strip worn on the left arm
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. manipulus, maniplus, a handful, a certain number of soldiers; manus, hand + root of plere, to fill, plenus, full: cf. F. maniple,. See Manual, and Full (a.)
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. manipulusmanus, the hand, plēre, to fill.

Usage

In literature:

Their maniples wheeled about at intervals from one another.
"Salammbo" by Gustave Flaubert
There stood the centurion at the head of his maniple, and raised his staff.
"A Thorny Path [Per Aspera], Complete" by Georg Ebers
Upon the chasuble La Teuse next laid out the stole, the maniple, the girdle, alb and amice.
"Abbe Mouret's Transgression La Faute De L'abbe Mouret" by Emile Zola
The maniple rendered his left arm almost powerless.
"The City and the World and Other Stories" by Francis Clement Kelley
The maniples rushed onward as though the men were runners in a race, not soldiers clothed in armour.
"A Friend of Caesar" by William Stearns Davis
The second line of the maniples then in turn marched to the combat.
"History Of Ancient Civilization" by Charles Seignobos
We flung our fifteen hundred bayonets and our maniple of cavalry at the position.
"The Leicestershires beyond Baghdad" by Edward John Thompson
The Hastati, Principes, and Triarii were each divided into 10 companies, called Maniples.
"A Smaller History of Rome" by William Smith and Eugene Lawrence
It was therefore during these ten years that she caused this stole and maniple to be made for the Bishop Frithestan.
"Bell's Cathedrals: The Cathedral Church of Durham" by J. E. Bygate
Look at how closely the maniples are crushed together!
"The Lion's Brood" by Duffield Osborne
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In science:

The results of this classification will serve future research of the classification and topological properties of maniplators joint space and workspace.
A Classification of 6R Manipulators
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