• WordNet 3.6
    • n Lamaism a Buddhist doctrine that includes elements from India that are not Buddhist and elements of preexisting shamanism
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Lamaism A modified form of Buddhism which prevails in Tibet, Mongolia, and some adjacent parts of Asia; -- so called from the name of its priests. See 2d Lama.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n Lamaism A corrupted form of Buddhism prevailing in Tibet and Mongolia, which combines the ethical and metaphysical ideas of Buddhism with an organized hierarchy under two semi-political sovereign pontiffs (see lama), an elaborate ritual, and the worship of a host of deities and saints.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • ns Lamaism the religion prevailing in Tibet and Mongolia, being Buddhism corrupted by Sivaism, and by Shamanism or spirit-worship
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary


In literature:

The personality of the Living Buddha is double, just as everything in Lamaism is double.
"Beasts, Men and Gods" by Ferdinand Ossendowski
DALAI-LAMA, chief priest of Lamaism, reverenced as a living incarnation of deity, always present on earth in him.
"The Nuttall Encyclopaedia" by Edited by Rev. James Wood
Mongolian Buddhism is a branch of Lamaism distinguished by no special doctrines.
"Hinduism and Buddhism, Vol I. (of 3)" by Charles Eliot
Yet Buddhism, especially Lamaism, acquired a new political importance.
"Hinduism and Buddhism, An Historical Sketch, Vol. 3 (of 3)" by Charles Eliot
I find Grand Lamaism itself to have a kind of truth in it.
"Sartor Resartus, and On Heroes, Hero-Worship, and the Heroic in History" by Thomas Carlyle
Much of the old superstition was absorbed into the new teaching, and the combination is known by the name of Lamaism.
"From Pole to Pole" by Sven Anders Hedin
This isolated table-land is the seat of a former Buddhism better known by the name of Lamaism.
"Wealth of the World's Waste Places and Oceania" by Jewett Castello Gilson
But Lamaism has already done that in another way, by killing the vigour and warlike temper of the people.
"A Wayfarer in China" by Elizabeth Kendall
WADDELL, L. A. Buddhism in Tibet, or Lamaism (London, 1895).
"Introduction to the History of Religions" by Crawford Howell Toy