Jesuit

Definitions

  • Jesuits' Barracks
    Jesuits' Barracks
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj Jesuit having qualities characteristic of Jesuits or Jesuitism "Jesuitical education"
    • n Jesuit a member of the Jesuit order
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

OLD ARCH OF THE JESUIT COLLEGE, HAVANA OLD ARCH OF THE JESUIT COLLEGE, HAVANA
THE JESUITS' CHURCH AND THE MILITARY HOSPITAL, RAGUSA THE JESUITS' CHURCH AND THE MILITARY HOSPITAL, RAGUSA

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Jesuit Fig.: A crafty person; an intriguer.
    • Jesuit (R. C. Ch) One of a religious order founded by Ignatius Loyola, and approved in 1540, under the title of The Society of Jesus.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n Jesuit A member of the “Society of Jesus” (or “Company of Jesus”), founded by Ignatius Loyola in 1534 and confirmed by the Pope in 1540. Its membership includes two general classes, laymen, or temporal coadjutors, and priests; and six grades, namely, novices, formed temporal coadjutors, approved scholastics, formed spiritual coadjutors, the professed of three vows, and the professed of four vows. The applicant for admission to the order must be at least fourteen years old, and the three vows cannot be taken before the age of thirty-three. After a two years' novitiate the lay brothers become temporal coadjutors, and the candidates for the priesthood are advanced to the grade of scholastics. A rigorous course of study follows for fourteen or fifteen years, divided into three nearly equal periods of academic or collegiate study, teaching and study combined, and a course in theology. At the end of this time the scholastic enters on another short novitiate, after which he may become either a spiritual coadjutor or one of the professed. The three vows are voluntary poverty, perfect chastity, and perfect obedience; and the fourth vow is absolute submission to the Pope. The professed of the four vows are the most influential class; they form the general congregation, and fill the highest offices and the leading missions. The general is elected for life by the general congregation. He has great power, limited only by the constitutions, and is aided by a council of assistants. He must reside at Rome, and is subject only to the Pope. There is an elaborate organization, with a division into five “assistanies,” subdivided into provinces, each of which is administered by a provincial, and each provincial has “superiors,” rectors, etc., as subordinates. Two features characterize the system thus organized—absolute obedience and a perfect system of scrutiny. It is the combination of these two principles which has made the order of Jesuits such a power in the church. So formidable has their political influence been supposed to be that they have often been expelled even from Roman Catholic communities. They were expelled from France in 1594, restored in 1603, again expelled in 1764, and for the last time in 1880. They were expelled from Spain in 1767, and at different times from various other countries. In 1773 the order was suppressed by Pope Clement XIV., but it was revived in 1814. It is believed now to number about ten thousand members.
    • n Jesuit A crafty or insidious person; an intriguer: so called in allusion to the crafty and intriguing methods commonly ascribed to the Jesuits.
    • n Jesuit [lowercase] A dress worn by women in the latter part of the eighteenth century; a kind of indoor morning-gown.
    • Jesuit To cause to conform to the principles of the Jesuits; make a Jesuit of.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Jesuit jez′ū-it a member of the famous religious order, the Society of Jesus, founded in 1534 by Ignatius Loyola: a crafty or insidious person, an intriguer
    • v.t Jesuit to make a Jesuit of
    • adv Jesuit Jesuit′ically
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. Jésuite, Sp. Jesuita,: cf. It. Gesuita,

Usage

In literature:

Similar preparations had been made in all the other convents belonging to the Jesuits.
"Travels in Peru, on the Coast, in the Sierra, Across the Cordilleras and the Andes, into the Primeval Forests" by J. J. von Tschudi
It will be the last plot of the Jesuits, who are hounding to death poor Leo.
"The Lost Ten Tribes, and 1882" by Joseph Wild
Schwickerath shows that it is doubtful if the founder of the Jesuit order had ever heard the name of the German Reformer.
"History of Education" by Levi Seeley
Wherever the Jesuit preached, the church was too small for the audience.
"Critical and Historical Essays, Volume III (of 3)" by Thomas Babington Macaulay
The regular weekly sermon in Rome is that preached every Sabbath afternoon in the church of the Jesuits.
"Pilgrimage from the Alps to the Tiber" by James Aitken Wylie
Most like a rascally Jesuit come to spy out some ways to brew mischief.
"Penshurst Castle" by Emma Marshall
Ay, and the scelerate Jesuit will even make capital of your mass of flowing hair.
"The Book of Khalid" by Ameen Rihani
Granger recognised in him his friend Pere Antoine, the gaunt old Jesuit of Keewatin.
"Murder Point" by Coningsby Dawson
Jesuitical books burnt at Paris, 56.
"Notes and Queries, Index of Volume 5, January-June, 1852" by Various
This danger soon clouded the mood of optimism that had been inspired by the coming of the Jesuits.
"The Founder of New France" by Charles W. Colby
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In poetry:

I hear the mattock in the mine,
The axe-stroke in the dell,
The clamor from the Indian lodge,
The Jesuit chapel bell!
"On Receiving An Eagle's Quill From Lake Superior" by John Greenleaf Whittier
Now, Dantzic wheat before you floats —
Now, Jesuits from California —
Now, Ceres, link'd with Titus Oats,
Comes dancing through the "Porta Cornea."
"Corn and Catholics" by Thomas Moore
When the red sun came creeping up the sky
Grey death had reaped the harvest hate had sown;
The Jesuit heard no longer curse or sigh--
His prayers were said for those about to die--
He faced the living Iroquois alone.
"Jean De Breboeuf" by Virna Sheard
With drooping head, and voice so low
That scarce it meets the Jesuit's ears, —
While through her clasped fingers flow,
From the heart's fountain, hot and slow, Her penitential tears, —
She tells the story of the woe
And evil of her years.
"Mogg Megone - Part II." by John Greenleaf Whittier
Dark ruler of the Gaul, so sayest thou,
"What thinks Italia of her hero now?"
The captive rebel, he who dared to cope
With Gallic legions, sent by France to prop
Old John, the Jesuit's frail crumbling throne;
Just going, going, going—must be gone.
"Medley of Thoughts And Feelings On The Italian Crisis" by Janet Hamilton

In news:

It's been three-and-a-half weeks since a man was shot to death outside a Milwaukee Jesuit church – and authorities still don't know who he is.
Paz Vega joins Paul Schrader-written 'The Jesuit '.
Father Patrick Conroy will speak at Wheeling Jesuit University on Nov 5 about how he landed that job, his experiences there, and his goals in serving legislators, their staffs and their families.
Coach Regan was named Wheeling Jesuit 's head men's soccer coach in 1983, and in his first season at the helm, the Cardinals finished 11-6 overall.
In 1988, Regan established Wheeling Jesuit 's women's soccer program.
Jesuit 's Cody Wicker just missed a 51-yard field-goal attempt with 17 seconds left.
Undefeated ruggers close against Regis Jesuit Tuesday.
Yesterday the Jesuits worldwide received a beautiful letter from Adolfo Nicolás, S.J.
Jake Browning threw six touchdown passes and ran for another in Folsom's 56-35 win over Jesuit on Saturday.
Jesuit Marauders quarterback Thomas Sperbeck accounted for four touchdowns in Jesuit 's 28-23 victory over Christian Brothers on Saturday.
The Jesuits paid the men $7.5 million to settle their lawsuit.
Enlarge Image Laurie Stevenson/ThisWeek Cody Calhoun of Watterson (20) goes up high for the catch during a game against Cuyahoga Falls Walsh Jesuit on Sept 7.
Strake Jesuit to host St Thomas.
Loyola falls to Dallas Jesuit in Dublin.
The 20th century was considered the American era for the Jesuits India today has the most Jesuits and O'Keefe was the right person to become the 2nd in charge to the venerable Fr Pedro Arrupe, the general superior from 1965 to 1983.
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