• Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Hyksos A dynasty of Egyptian kings, often called the Shepherd kings, of foreign origin, who, according to the narrative of Manetho, ruled for about 500 years, forming the XVth and XVIth dynasties. It is now considered that the XVIth is merely a double of the XVth dynasty, and that the total period of the six Hyksos kings was little more than 100 years. It is supposed that they were Asiatic Semites.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Hyksos hikā€²sos the shepherd kings, apparently a Tartar race who overthrew the reigning dynasty of Lower Egypt about 2000 B.C., and reigned until overturned by the Egyptian rulers of Upper Egypt about 1700 B.C.
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Gr. , fr. Egypt. hikshasu, chiefs of the Bedouins, shepherds


In literature:

Also was it not to this fierce Hyksos blood that he owed his strength and vigour?
"Morning Star" by H. Rider Haggard
The Hyksos were driven out of the country, and they went back to the desert whence they had come.
"Ancient Man" by Hendrik Willem van Loon
The Hyksos were ousted by a hero named Ahmosis after a war of five years.
"The World's Greatest Books, Vol XI." by Edited by Arthur Mee and J.A. Hammerton
This is the curious change that passed over the tenure of land in Egypt during the period of Hyksos rule.
"Early Israel and the Surrounding Nations" by Archibald Sayce
At the outset all Egypt was compelled to submit to the Hyksos domination.
"Patriarchal Palestine" by Archibald Henry Sayce
We know the history of Egypt very well as far back as the time of the Hyksos, or to the eighteenth dynasty.
"Ten Great Religions" by James Freeman Clarke
During this season Professor Petrie made important discoveries in relation to the obscure Hyksos dominion in Egypt.
"History Of Egypt From 330 B.C. To The Present Time, Volume 12 (of 12)" by S. Rappoport
These Hyksos were a tribe of Cuthites driven from Assyria by Aralius and the Shemites.
"Character Sketches of Romance, Fiction and the Drama" by E. Cobham Brewer
The cowroids, with a rope border on the back, are of the Hyksos period.
"Scarabs" by Isaac Myer
The Hyksos had settled in the land which they had conquered, and their own King ruled over the country.
"The Great Keinplatz Experiment and Other Tales of Twilight and the Unseen" by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

In news:

The Kamose Stela tells of the successful military campaign that Pharaoh Kamose waged against the enemy Hyksos kings to protect Thebes and avenge his father's brutal death.
A severed right hand discovered in front of a Hyksos palace at Avaris (modern-day Tell el-Daba).