Ephod

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Ephod (Jew. Antiq) A part of the sacerdotal habit among Jews, being a covering for the back and breast, held together on the shoulders by two clasps or brooches of onyx stones set in gold, and fastened by a girdle of the same stuff as the ephod. The ephod for the priests was of plain linen; that for the high priest was richly embroidered in colors. The breastplate of the high priest was worn upon the ephod in front.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n ephod A Jewish priestly vestment, specifically that worn by the high priest. It was woven “of gold, blue, purple, scarlet, and fine twined linen,” and was made in the form of a double apron, covering the upper part of the body in front and behind, the two parts of the apron being united at the shoulders by a seam or by shoulder-straps, and drawn together lower down by a girdle of the same material as that of the garment itself. On each shoulder was fixed an onyx stone set in gold and engraved with the names of six of the tribes of Israel, and just above the girdle was fixed the breastplate of judgment. (See Ex. xxviii. 6-12.) In later times the ephod was not worn exclusively by the high priest, but when worn by others, as priests of lower rank, it was usually made of linen.
    • n ephod An amice: a name formerly sometimes used in the Western Church, and also in use in the Coptic and Armenian churches. See vakass.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Ephod ef′od a kind of linen surplice worn by the Jewish priests: a surplice, generally.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Heb. 'ēphōd, fr. 'āphad, to put on
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Heb. aphad, to put on.

Usage

In literature:

And Doeg the Edomite turned, and he fell upon the priests, and slew on that day fourscore and five persons that did wear a linen ephod.
"The King James Bible"
Above these, reaching well below his middle, he had a wonderful silken jibbah or ephod of a bright emerald.
"Greenmantle" by John Buchan
They are cunning embroiderers, who fashion the breastplate and ephod of the high priest and all the various vestments of the priests.
"The Philobiblon of Richard de Bury" by Richard de Bury
Hebrew High Priest, names of precious stones in his Ephod, 37.
"Scarabs" by Isaac Myer
That the Ephod was used for discovering the divine will, is seen from 1 Sam.
"Christology of the Old Testament: And a Commentary on the Messianic Predictions, v. 1" by Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg
Bock does not give his authority for the pattern on the ephod.
"Needlework As Art" by Marian Alford
Wear a linen ephod, splendidly candid.
"The Works of Robert Louis Stevenson - Swanston Edition Vol. 25 (of 25)" by Robert Louis Stevenson
And he made the ephod of gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen.
"The Bible Story" by Rev. Newton Marshall Hall
After midnight every pedestrian becomes a simulacrum, wrapped in a black domino of mystery and a starry ephod of romance.
"Just Around the Corner" by Fannie Hurst
For the form of the earlier ephod the classic passage is 2 Sam.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 6" by Various
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In poetry:

Thy holy ephod bound on me,
I pass into a seer;
For still in things thou mak'st me see,
The unseen grows more clear;
Still their indwelling Deity
Speaks plainer in mine ear.
"My Heart" by George MacDonald
"Seems it to thee a niggard hand
That nearest Heaven has bade thee stand,
The ark to touch and bear,
With incense of pure heart's desire
To heap the censer's sacred fire,
The snow-white Ephod wear?"
"First Sunday After Easter" by John Keble