Carthusian

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj Carthusian of or relating to the Carthusian order
    • n Carthusian a member of the Carthusian order
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Carthusian (Eccl. Hist) A member of an exceeding austere religious order, founded at Chartreuse in France by St. Bruno, in the year 1086.
    • a Carthusian Pertaining to the Carthusian.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n Carthusian One of a contemplative order of monks founded in 1086 by St. Bruno in the Grande Chartreuse, a wild mountain group in the diocese of Grenoble in France. They are remarkable for their austerity. They support themselves by manual labor, mendicancy being forbidden. Their habit is a haircloth shirt, a white tunic, and, when out of doors, a black cloak and a cowl. The order was introduced into England about 1180, and built the Charterhouse (corruption of Chartreuse, used as the generic name of any Carthusian monastery) in London in 1371. The monks of Chartreuse now derive a considerable revenue from the sale of the well-known cordial, of their invèntion, which bears the name of the monastery. (See chartreuse, 2.) The Carthusian nuns originated about 1230, and, with some modifications, follow the rules of the Carthusian monks.
    • n Carthusian A scholar of the Charterhouse in London. See Charterhouse.
    • Carthusian Pertaining to the order of monks above named.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Carthusian kar-thū′zi-an one of an order of monks founded by St Bruno in 1086, noted for their strictness: a scholar of the Charterhouse School
    • adj Carthusian of or pertaining to the order
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
LL. Cartusianus, Cartusiensis, from the town of Chartreuse, in France

Usage

In literature:

He was born in Worcestershire and was educated by the Carthusians at Shene and at Magdalen College, Oxford.
"The Cathedral Church of Canterbury [2nd ed.]." by Hartley Withers
Castro went afterward to Spain, and after preaching for a while at Burgos, joined the Order of the Carthusians at Valencia.
"The Autobiography of St. Ignatius" by Saint Ignatius Loyola
He resolved to quit the world and adopt the Carthusian habit.
"A History of French Literature" by Edward Dowden
He did not go home for luncheon; he ate in the cafe at the Carthusian Gate.
"The Goose Man" by Jacob Wassermann
At any rate, it is well to found another house: Carthusians of course, for they are holy, popular, and inexpensive.
"Hugh, Bishop of Lincoln" by Charles L. Marson
If he struck at the Church, it was through the Carthusians, the holiest and the most renowned of English churchmen.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Volume 9" by Various
The Carthusians maintain the principle of lending.
"The Care of Books" by John Willis Clark
If the Prior of the Carthusians had pleased her, she would have become a sincere recluse.
"Political Women (Vol. 1 of 2)" by Sutherland Menzies
He went to the Carthusian monastery at Morlaix.
"The Regent's Daughter" by Alexandre Dumas (Pere)
Strangely enough, no religious order benefited more from the sympathy and generosity of the people than the ascetic Carthusians.
"Belgium" by Emile Cammaerts
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In poetry:

LAY-SISTER.
Yea, to that purpose desperately she clings.
This evening, if she rouse, she makes confession.
Even now a holy friar waits without,
Fra Bruno, of the order of Carthusians,
Beyond Palermo.
"The Spagnoletto. Act V" by Emma Lazarus

In news:

Carmelites are one of the great hermitical, or solitary, orders of the Church, along with the Carthusians and Camaldolese.
I'm talking about Chartreuse , a French liqueur made by Carthusian monks from an 18th-century recipe that is known only to three monks.
Into Great Silence, Philip Gröning's three-hour film about a Carthusian monastery in the French Alps, arrived in New York to a great noise of general approval.
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