• Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Candlefish (Zoöl) A marine fish (Thaleichthys Pacificus), allied to the smelt, found on the north Pacific coast; -- called also eulachon. It is so oily that, when dried, it may be used as a candle, by drawing a wick through it
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The candlefish is so oily that it was once burned for fuel
    • n candlefish The eulachon, Thaleichthys pacificus, an anadromous, deep-sea, solmonoid fish of the smelt family, Argentinidæ, resembling a smelt in form, but with weaker dentition, smaller scales, dusky coloration, and attaining a length of nearly a foot. It occurs in immense shoals off the northwest coast of America in the spring, and ascends all the rivers north of the Columbia to spawn. At the time of the runs the fish is extremely fat, and is not only used for food, as a favorite pan-fish, but for the manufacture of eulachon-oil, proposed as a substitute for cod-liver oil in medicine; and it is also made to serve as a natural candle by inserting in it the pith of a rush or a strip of bark as a wick (whence the name).
    • n candlefish An acanthopterygian fish of the west coast of North America, Anoplopoma fimbria, type of the family Anoplopomidæ, resembling a pollock, and attaining a length of 20 inches and a weight of 5 pounds. See Anoplopomidæ. Also called black candle-fish, horse-mackerel, and beshow.
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