• Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Cameronian A follower of the Rev. Richard Cameron, a Scotch Covenanter of the time of Charles II.Cameron and others refused to accept the “indulgence“ offered the Presbyterian clergy, insisted on the Solemn league and Covenant, and in 1680 declared Charles II. deposed for tyranny, breach of faith, etc. Cameron was killed at the battle of Airdmoss, but his followers became a denomination (afterwards called Reformed Presbyterians) who refused to recognize laws or institutions which they believed contrary to the kingdom of Christ, but who now avail themselves of political rights.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • cameronian Relating or pertaining to Richard Cameron (see II.) or to the Cameronians: as, a Cameronian clergyman.
    • n cameronian One of the followers of Richard Cameron in Scotland, who refused to accept the indulgence granted to the Presbyterian clergy in the persecuting times of Charles II., lest by so doing they should be understood to recognize his ecclesiastical authority. They were known at first as The Societies, but were afterward organized as the Reformed Presbyterian Church of Scotland, most of which in 1876 was merged in the Free Church.
    • n cameronian plural A name given to the 26th regiment of British infantry, from its having been originally composed of the Cameronians who flocked to Edinburgh during the revolution of 1688. Their nucleus consisted of the men who fought under Richard Cameron at Aird's Moss in 1680, when he was killed.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Cameronian kam-er-ōn′i-an a follower of the Covenanter Richard Cameron, killed at Airds Moss in 1680, a member of the Reformed Presbyterian Church
    • adj Cameronian pertaining to this party, or to the famous Cameronian regiment (26th Foot, now the First Battalion of Scottish Rifles) in the British army, which had its origin in a body of Cameronians (1689)
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In literature:

She has two sons, and both in the airmy, one in the Cameronians and one a prisoner in Germany.
"Mr. Standfast" by John Buchan
RENWICK, last of Cameronians.
"The French Revolution" by Thomas Carlyle
The town-guard was now on the alert; and two companies of the Cameronian Regiment, with the Hon.
"The Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner" by James Hogg
The Cameronian regiment was sent to garrison Dunkeld.
"The History of England from the Accession of James II." by Thomas Babington Macaulay
Thus backed and comforted, Poundtext resolved magnanimously to await the coming of the Cameronians to the general rendezvous.
"Old Mortality, Illustrated, Volume 2." by Sir Walter Scott
The more extreme Presbyterians, and especially the Cameronians of the west, were bitterly opposed to the project.
"An Outline of the Relations between England and Scotland (500-1707)" by Robert S. Rait
Cameronians and Cavaliers alike would have risen.
"Historical Mysteries" by Andrew Lang
It was to the effect that a few men might volunteer for the 42nd Royal Highlanders and 79th Cameronian Highlanders.
"Taking Tales" by W.H.G. Kingston
This was especially true of the Cameronians, who were ever ready to give a reason for the faith that was in them.
"The Dew of Their Youth" by S. R. Crockett
The Cameronians on the way to the attack fell into a ditch which was both deep and wide.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume V (of 12)"