• Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Babism The doctrine of a modern religious pantheistical sect in Persia, which was founded, about 1844, by Mirza Ali Mohammed ibn Rabhik (1820 -- 1850), who assumed the title of Bab-ed-DinPer., Gate of the Faith). Babism is a mixture of Mohammedan, Christian, Jewish, and Parsi elements. This doctrine forbids concubinage and polygamy, and frees women from many of the degradations imposed upon them among the orthodox Mohammedans. Mendicancy, the use of intoxicating liquors and drugs, and slave dealing, are forbidden; asceticism is discountenanced.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n Babism A religious, political, and social system founded in Persia about 1843 by Seyd Mohammed Ali, a native of Shiraz, who pretended to be descended from Mohammed. It is a pantheistic offshoot of Mohammedanism, tinctured with Gnostic, Buddhistic, and Jewish ideas. It inculcates a high morality; discountenances polygamy; forbids concubinage, asceticism, and mendicancy; recognizes the equality of the sexes; and encourages the practice of charity, hospitality, and abstinence from intoxicants of all kinds.
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In literature:

A schism divided the followers of Babism into two sects, Bahais and Ezelis.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 3" by Various
As it historically sprang from Babism, it is well to review, first of all, the political relations of Babism.
"Bahaism and Its Claims" by Samuel Graham Wilson