Baal

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Baal any of numerous local fertility and nature deities worshipped by ancient Semitic peoples; the Hebrews considered Baal a false god
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Baal (Myth) The supreme male divinity of the Phoenician and Canaanitish nations.
    • Baal The whole class of divinities to whom the name Baal was applied.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n Baal The name of a Semitic solar deity worshiped, especially by the Phenicians and their descendants the Carthaginians, with much license and sensuality. Baal was derived from the Babylonian Bel, a deity of a much higher type, and was merged in the Tyrian Melkarth. In its original generic sense of ‘lord,’ the name was applied to many different divinities, or, with qualifying epithets, to the same divinity regarded in different aspects and as exercising different functions. Thus in Hos. ii. 16 it is applied to Jehovah himself, while Baal-berith (the covenant-lord) was the god of the Shechemites, and Baal-zebub (the fly-god) the idol of the Philistines at Ekron. Baal-peor (lord of the opening) was a god of Moab and Midian, probably the same as Chemosh. The word enters into the composition of many Hebrew, Phenician, and Carthaginian names of persons and places, as Jerubbaal, Hasdrubal (help of Baal), Hannibal (grace of Baal), Baal-Hammon, Baal-Thamar, etc.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Baal bā′al the chief male deity of the Phœnician nations: a false god generally
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Heb. ba'al, lord
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Heb.

Usage

In literature:

Elijah used it against the priests of Baal.
"Flowers of Freethought" by George W. Foote
The Moabites worshipped Baal, and no doubt they had the utmost contempt for Jehovah.
"Bible Romances" by George W. Foote
Jehovah and Baal were, in their view, identical as to their essence.
"Christology of the Old Testament: And a Commentary on the Messianic Predictions, v. 1" by Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg
Even the gilded heifer of Baal was a nobler one.
"In the Heart of a Fool" by William Allen White
He states this worship is similar to that of Baal of Chaldea, etc., and that probably all have a common origin.
"The Sex Worship and Symbolism of Primitive Races" by Sanger Brown, II
Loudly the priests of Baal prayed.
"The Man Who Did Not Die" by J. H. Willard
Conjointly with Baal, the indigenous term for Bel, circumadjacently she ruled.
"The Lords of the Ghostland" by Edgar Saltus
Now we see the high places rebuilt, and idolatrous altars to Baal established.
"Training the Teacher" by A. F. Schauffler
May Baal guard you, Actaeon!
"Sónnica" by Vicente Blasco Ibáñez
He vowed that neither Moloch nor Baal, nor any pagan deity, had been so brutal.
"Prisoners of Conscience" by Amelia Edith Huddleston Barr
***

In poetry:

They prayed as erst Elijah prayed
Before the sons of Baal,
When on the waiting sacrifice
He called the fiery hail:
"The Pigrim's Fast" by Mary Gardiner Horsford
To Baals illusive and specious,
Till chance had there voiced me
That one I loved vainly in nonage
Had ceased her to be.
"My Cicely" by Thomas Hardy
Where art Thou, O my Lord?
Mount Carmel saw the throng
Of priests and heard the song;
To Baal was their call-
From morn till night did fall.
"Mount Carmel" by Caroline Hazard
As if the burning eye of Baal
The servant of his Conqueror knew,
From skies which knew no cloudy veil,
The Sun's hot glances smote him through.
"The Star Of Bethlehem" by John Greenleaf Whittier
Awake, awake, why wilt thou sleep, my God!
Never before hast thou been known to nod!
Thou art not Baal! — thy assistance give,
And from this sore distress my soul relieve!
"A Prayer, Against The Oppression Of One's Foe. " by Rees Prichard
"Aye, they! and these!" pointing to many wraiths
That stood around--Baal, Ormuzd, Indra, all
Whom frightened ignorance and sin's appall
Had given birth, close-huddled in despair.
"The Dead Gods" by Cale Young Rice

In news:

GO BAAL Peter Mellencamp's adaptation of Bertolt Brecht's early, poetical drama is about the cruelty and demise of a bacchanalian poet who recognizes, curses and is cursed by civilization's thin veneer.
Just like Elijah confronted the prophets of Baal, the time is coming when God's New Testament mouthpieces will confront modern-day merchandisers.
As has been noted in a previous column, Reb Elimelech – like the Baal Shem Tov before him – asserted that pessimism and depression cause sin and spiritual apathy.
Center Named for Ex-Mayor , Harry Baals.
Scratch 'Harry Baals' off list of names for government center.
Harry Baals won four terms as mayor of Fort Wayne in the 1930s and 1950s.
Fort Wayne scratches Harry Baals from building name consideration.
In Baal worship (see 1 Kin 18), the prophets of Baal danced, cut themselves, screamed and chanted, all to get their god to do something—to make their god more present to them.
It is also an opportunity for Jezebel to foster the spread of her Baal religion with its many gods, ritual sex, and temple prostitutes .
***

In science:

See Van Baal [191] for a discussion of the usefulness of the finite volume on QCD.
Meson and Baryon Spectroscopy on a Lattice
P. van Baal, The Witten Index Beyond the Adiabatic Approximation, in: Michael Marinov Memorial Volume, Multiple Faces in Quantization and Supersymmetry, eds. M.
The study of SU(3) super Yang-Mills quantum mechanics
Bruckmann, D. N ógrádi and P. van Baal, Nucl.
A Review of Instanton Quarks and Confinement
Baal P., QCD in a f inite volume, hep-ph/0008206.
Gauge Theories on Deformed Spaces
A systematic classification of the solutions was given by van Baal in ref. [576] (see also ref. [577]), which showed the existence of non-trivial configurations which could survive in the large-N limit.
SU(N) gauge theories at large N
***