Click on any of the term papers to read a brief synopsis of the research paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.

Eliminating Inspection of Garage Doors by Acme Doors
A 10 page paper presenting a business statistics exercise. Acme Doors manufactures garage doors that have been found to vary widely in final weight in the plant, a matter that can affect longterm performance and customers’ views of the level of quality of the product. A tenet of TQM is that quality increases as manufacturing efforts are increasingly brought within statistical control. A study sampling final product indicates that Acme’s manufacturing process will need to be refined before it eliminates product inspection in trying to implement TQM in its production activities. Includes 2 tables and 4 charts; PowerPoint presentation available. Bibliography lists 23 sources.

“The Story of Mathematics”
A 3 page review of the book by Richard Mankiewicz. This paper outlines the author’s journey through this fascinating discipline from ancient times to the present. No additional sources are listed.

Axiomatic and Intuitive Mathematics
A paper which considers the difference between intuitive and axiomatic mathematics, and some of the reasons why the former is most commonly found in school curriculums, whereas the latter forms part of university level studies. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

“A History of Mathematics: From Mesopotamia to Modernity”
A 3 page overview of the book by Richard Hodgkin. This paper emphasizes Hodgkin’s message that mathematics have been a critical element in much of world development. No additional sources are listed.

Carstab Chemical Manufacturer's Quantitative Approaches
A 7 page paper discussing how the use of statistics and probability can be applied in making business decisions that affect the bottom line. The example used is a chemical manufacturer (Carstab) that produces a product needed by many customers but needed by one in higher grade. Most of the lots of product that Carstab makes is acceptable to this single customer, but nearly half are not. Carstab develops a pretest resulting in indicating that 90% of what the company sends the customer will be acceptable. The paper discusses this scenario, along with a "what if" discussion of a different set of probability values. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

Data Presentation and Methods of Statistical Evaluation
The 7page paper focuses on statistical evaluation methods, qualitative and quantitative techniques for collecting data and methods of how to present data once it is collected. Particular focus on is placed on the Kirkpatrick and Phillips models of data collection.

The Methodology of Driving Test Data Analysis
A paper which looks at ways in which quantitative data relating to comparative success rates of driving school instructors and test centres can be analysed, with some recommendations as to how qualitative data might be used to supplement this.

Using Moving Averages
This 4 page paper uses data supplied by the student to answer three questions. The first demonstrates the way in which three point averages and five point averages may be calculated, uses the case study provided. The second question presents the results of the data and the moving average results in graphic format along with the inclusion of a trend line. The last question considers which of the two moving averages is best. The bibliography cites 1 source.

Data Coding and Measurement Analysis
A 7 page paper discussing a report of an assessment of hate crime incidence in the US. "Hate Crime Reported by Victims and Police" (Harlow, 2005) is the report of the statistical analysis of data collected through both quantitative and qualitative methods. It has limitations, but it does provide insight into the degree to which social issues provide motivation for crime. The purpose here is to assess several points of the article and the data and methods from which it developed. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

Airline Case Study; Correlation between Age and Maintenance Costs
This 4 page statistical analysis paper is based on a case study supplied by the student. The paper provides figures for two airlines for the cost of their aircraft maintenance and the average age of their fleets over a number of years. The paper considers why a comparison of the airline cost profiles could be important if the airlines merge and assesses the correlation between age and maintenance costs and looks for similarities of differences between the age and cost pattern of each airline. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

Home Runs at Coors Field  A Statistical Review
This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of statistical review. The case study of home runs flying further at Coors Field is used to demonstrate the process of analysis. Bibliography lists 1 source.

Number 0 and its History
A 5 page review of the history of the manner in which the number zero came into common mathematical usage. Traces its development to Mesopotamia and through the various other regions of the world. Distinguishes between the mathematical concept and the philosophy of nothingness. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

Number e's History and Use
This 5 page paper introduces the topic with a modern day look at compound interest, then delves into the history of the number e. Both early and modern uses are discussed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

Pythagorean Theorem and its History
5 pages. An interesting research paper on the background of the Pythagorean Theorem that is used in algebra and geometry. Details the history of the theorem. This is actually a fascinating history and one that is not often discussed in the classroom. The Pythagorean Theorem was founded by a cult that actually worshipped numbers and felt that everything in the Universe was numberrelated. A very interesting history for a wellknown math theory to say the least! Bibliography lists 2 sources.

Real Analysis Conceptual History
This 5 page paper delves into the concept of real analysis and looks at key people integral to the emergence of this mathematical field of study. Several mathematicians are named including Archimedes and Cauchy. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

Calculus' History
This 6 page shows how calculus was derived from the studies in real analysis and lead to the development of calculus. The paper begins with the discoveries of Ancient Greece with thinkers such as Zeno of Elea and Archimedes and looks at many mathematicians such as Valerio, Cavalieri and Fermat finishing with Newton and Leibniz. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

Mathematics' History and Critical Milestones
This 5 page paper discusses three of the more critical milestones in mathematical history. Emphasis is placed on Pythagoras as it pertains to all of the disciplines. Quotes cited from texts. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

Calculus History
Calculus provides methods to deal with varying quantities.
O'Connor & Robertson (1996) state that it has been evolving since Zeno in 450 B.C.E, who was supposed to be the first to posit an equation based on the infinite. However, the first infinite equation is believed to have been introduced by Archimedes in 250 B.C.E., bringing with it leaps in logic from theorists like Barrow, Newton and Leibniz. Bibliography lists 4 sources. jvHisClc.rtf

Conjecture of Pierre de Fermat Refuted by Mathematician Leonhard Euler
This is a 3 page paper discussing Euler’s refutation of Fermat’s conjecture. In 1637, French lawyer Pierre de Fermat wrote that he had “discovered a truly marvelous proof which this margin is too narrow to contain” in regards to a mathematical statement which had been unproven for over 1000 years. The basis of Fermat’s (“Last”) theorem or conjecture began with that of the Pythagoras equation [x.sup.2] + [y.sup.2] = [z.sup.2] which he proved “had an infinite set of whole number solutions” which related to the lengths of the sides of a rightangled triangle. Pythagoras did not know “how many solutions existed if the exponent in his equation were a number greater than 2”. Fermat claimed that “for any exponent greater than 2, there were no solutions at all”. During his lifetime however, Fermat often did not supply “proofs” of many of his theorems but many mathematicians since his time have been able to prove his claims to be correct except for that in relation to the Pythagoras equation. Swiss mathematician Leonard Euler (17071783) did however work further on many of Fermat’s theorems and “later proved that there are no solutions when the exponent is 3” and “unfortunately, an infinite number of cases remained and the casebycase method was doomed to fail”. While Fermat’s Last Theorem proved to be difficult to prove, Euler managed to disprove and refute other assertions such as “2^(2^n) = p, where p is a prime number” and found that it is only true for the first four cases provided by Fermat.
Bibliography lists 4 sources.

Mathematics; Anxiety And Commutative, Associative, And Distributive Laws
This 3 page paper discusses with two issues. The first part of the paper considers how to help mature students that have a mathematics anxiety may be helped before undertaking a learning course containing maths when they have not tackled the subject for many years. The second part of the paper looks at three laws that are used in algebra; commutative, associative, and distributive and considers which is the most important.

Mathematical Contributions of Albert Einstein
In 5 pages the author discusses Albert Einstein's contributions to the field of science and mathematics while explaining such theories as E=mc2. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

Accounting Practice and the Use of Mathematics
This 3 page paper looks at the use of mathematics in accounting practice. Double entry bookkeeping is used as an example.
Bibliography lists 3 sources.

Math Anxiety, Understanding the Fear of Mathematics
9 pages in length. A comprehensive look at the problem of 'math anxiety' and numerous studies that have attempted to help improve our understanding of its treatment. Among other things, the writer discusses how to quantitatively assess Math Anxiety and concludes with recommendations for helping young children who suffer from it. Bibliography lists 20+ sources.

Stuik’s “A Concise History of Mathematics”
This 4 page paper is a review of the book ‘A Concise History of Mathematics’ by Dirk J. Struik. The paper reviews the content and the style of the book which was first published in 1948 and traced the development of mathematical theory form prehistory to the first half of the twentieth century. The bibliography cites 2 source.

OVERVIEW OF MATHEMATICS HISTORY
This 10page paper provides a brief history of mathematics, as well as some famous mathematicians. Also discusses mathematics applications today. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

Math Through the Ages, A Gentle History
A 4 page book review. William Berlinghoff and Fernando Gouvea offer a fascinating and insightful view of the history of mathematics in their text Math Through the Ages: A Gentle History For Teachers and Others. The authors' intention in this work is to give their readers "a general feel for the lay of the land perhaps to help you become familiar with the significant landmarks" (Berlinghoff and Gouvea 5). In short, this is an overview of math history, a "brief survey" of what is in a gigantic topic (Berlinghoff and Gouvea 5). However, the appeal of this book goes deeper than this, as the authors often offer insight into the topic that helps to explain historical details, helping the reader see how math concepts developed and evolved. No additional sources cited.

The History of Mathematics
This 6 page paper examines three books on the history of math. Some quotes are included. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

Child Mathematics' Instruction and Zero
This 4 page paper examines the use of zero historically and how it presents problems when teaching arithmetic and algebra. Examples of why zero is problematic is presented as well as how it is viewed by experts in the field. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

Annotated Bibliography: Origins of Greek Mathematics
This 3 page paper is an annotated bibliography of 8 sources dealing with the origins of Greek mathematics.

Cohen's Equal Exchange Model and Teaching Math
This 5 page paper considers the role of small group teaching in mathematics according to Cohen’s “Equal Exchange Model”. The witer considers different mathematical topics to differentiate between the topics that should be taught individually, those that can increase value to the student when small groups are used and those where a combination approach may be best. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

“The Story of Mathematics”
A 3 page review of the book by Richard Mankiewicz. This paper outlines the author’s journey through this fascinating discipline from ancient times to the present. No additional sources are listed.

2 Trade Textbooks on Investment and Mathematics Reviewed
A 3 page overview of Nicholas Dunbar's "Inventing Money: The Story of LongTerm Capital Management and the Legends Behind It" and Roger Lowenstein's "When Genius Failed: The Rise and Fall of LongTerm Capital Management". Each of these books detail specific mathematical applications in the finance trade. The author of this paper explores their coverage of the BlackScholes Formula and its role in the collapse of the massive hedge fund LongTerm Capital Management. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

UK Mathematics and GCSE Level Expansion
This 9 page paper looks at the difference way in which the A’ level mathematics in the UK education system may be seen as a development and expansion of the GCSE level subject. The writer looks at the syllabus and consider how the transition between the two levels is made, and how it may best be understood by the student. The bibliography cites 8 Sources.

Mathematics in Sports
An 11 page explanation of how mathematics are indeed an important tool in sports. Not only does an understanding of mathematics empower players by enabling them to use their body in the most effective manner to achieve optimum performance, mathematics are also useful in a diversity of other areas that are relevant to sports. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

Axiomatic and Intuitive Mathematics
A paper which considers the difference between intuitive and axiomatic mathematics, and some of the reasons why the former is most commonly found in school curriculums, whereas the latter forms part of university level studies. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

A Business Mathematical Principles' Analysis
This 10page paper focuses on various business mathematical principles including linear programming, network flow models, queuing analysis, simulation and inventory management. The paper also provides examples of how companies have used these tools to better manage inventory and predict customer demand. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

“A History of Mathematics: From Mesopotamia to Modernity”
A 3 page overview of the book by Richard Hodgkin. This paper emphasizes Hodgkin’s message that mathematics have been a critical element in much of world development. No additional sources are listed.

Mathematical Errors in 7th Grade
This 3 page paper provides an overview of common mistakes made in seventh grade mathematics problems. This paper relates the reasons for these mistakes and their impacts for learning. Bibliography lists 1 source.

Mathematics' Systems of Mayan and Roman Civilizations
A five page paper which looks at some of the differences between the Roman and Mayan mathematical systems, and the relative advantages and disadvantages of both. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

Math and Why There Are Some People Who Hate It
A 3 page paper which examines why people have a tendency to hate math. No sources cited.

Math Assessment, Authentic Assessment Programs, and Inconsistencies
This is a 10 page paper discussing the interpretative and inconsistent nature of math assessment and possible authentic assessment programs. Several issues relate to the inconsistent and interpretative nature of math assessment within the educational curricula today. Firstly, on a national basis, studies reveal the range in attitudes in regards to importance math assessment has in the overall educational curriculum. While math assessment is often mentioned, its importance does not seem as highly weighted as other aspects of assessment of school performance. Secondly, within the school systems themselves, teachers in mathematics vary a great deal in their teaching practices which can affect assessment; perception of their students’ abilities based on social factors and past performance; perception of the importance of national and consistent assessment; and desired learning outcomes. There are many educational assessment tools which are available. However, assessment tools vary in regards to their expense, time, and curriculum considerations which can affect whether or not the tool can be usefully applied. One of the goals of the U.S. educational system is be “the first in the world in mathematics and science achievement” and some educational programs are trying to fulfill this goal by not only developing consistent national education and assessment programs but programs which are comparative on an international scale, such as that found within the International Baccalaureate Program (IB).
Bibliography lists 10 sources.

Ten of History’s Greatest Mathematicians
This 7 page paper outlines the accomplishments of Isaac Newton, Leonard Euler, Euclid, Archimedes, Carl Friedrich Gauss, JosephLouis Lagrange, Pierre de Fermat, Rene Descartes, Leonard 'Bigollo' Pisano (Fibonacci), and Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

The Mathematical Contributions of Albert Einstein
A 5 page paper that reports Einstein's first three papers that led to a new perception of the universe, from evidence for the existence of molecules and atoms to his general theory of relativity that led to a new understanding of the universe, including space, time, motion and gravity. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

College Math 'Survival'
A 3 page informal assessment of the many things that are different about the college environment and the high school environment that might account for decreased performance in mathematics. Noting the different teaching styles, living arrangements, and the many frustrations of life on campus; the author of this paper emphasizes that the only one that can take responsibility for student success is the student themselves. No sources are listed.

Budgeting with Math Tools
This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of using math for budgeting. Line graphs and budget lines are explored. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

Reviewing 2 Mathematics Textbooks
This 4page paper provides a review of two mathematics text books: Basic Concepts of Mathematics" by Zakon and "Introduction to Number Theory and Algebra" by Shoup. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

Importance of Mathematics and Statistics in Business
This 5page paper offers an explanation of the importance of business math and statistics. Other issues covered include calculation of insurance premiums and property taxes, as well as depreciation. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

War and Mathematics
This 8page paper examines how mathematic applications have been used to help analyze and calcluate wars. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

Questions and Prompts Mathematical Thinking
This 3 page paper looks at the value and use of prompts and questions in the teaching of mathematics in post compulsory education. The paper considers why questions and prompts can be important in developing mathematical thinking and considers the ideas of theorists including Zygfryd Dyrszlag. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

The Use of Statistical Analysis
This 3 page paper provides a response to the following statement and questions: Statistics in psychology are more than numbers because we must ask ourselves, why the individual chose that answer. Hidden factors such as pride, abuse, and selfesteem all affect the answer thereby affecting the scores. On that ground, are statistics in psychology credible? Bibliography lists 2 sources.

Theory of 'Indeterminancy of Translation' by Willard V. Quine
This is a 15 page paper discussing Quine’s theory of indeterminacy of translation. Willard V. Quine was a mathematician and philosopher who lived from 19082000. During the last half of the 20th century, Quine developed several theories, one of which was the theory of indeterminacy of translation, which challenged some of the former assumptions used in the fields of psychology, linguists and anthropology. Quine asserted that accurate translations between languages could not be made for a number of reasons. Firstly, linguists could not get basic terms of references, or starting elements, because from a holistic perspective, sentences are the basic form of meaning and all sentences are semantically linked by the native speaker. Secondly, “meaning” could not be considered as an absolute element. In addition to some of these basic changes in the construct of translations, Quine also discussed the idea that not only were correct translations into English not possible but also two translation manuals given the same observational stimuli could also not be interchangeable because of the assumptions and the linguist’s imposition of his own beliefs and patterns onto the native language. Obviously, Quine’s theories were criticized as linguists made the case that several translations were considered successful because smooth negotiation and conversation could take place between native speakers and foreign speakers. However Quine’s dissection of the linguist’s process into one of a mathematical and scientific process is considered one of the most significant within the last fifty years in linguistic philosophy.
Bibliography lists 6 sources.

Typing Speeds Evaluated Statistically
A 6 page paper presenting ANOVA analysis of three sets of data addressing environmental conditions in which data entry personnel work. After testing, the company's owner decides she will forego the music but will bring a coffee service into the office. The promusic contingent is disappointed, but they agree with the decision based on results. Though there is less variation when typists have rock music in the background, perminute speed is much greater when individuals are working in silence as they do their work while drinking more easilyobtainable coffee. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

Golden Mean, Irrational Numbers & Fibonacci Series
A 3 page research paper that discusses the interrelated nature of the Golden Mean, irrational numbers and Fibonacci series numbers. The writer defines these concepts and then discusses them in regards to music. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

Learning Disability Dyscalculia
This is an 8 page paper on the learning disability dyscalculia. Dyscalculia is a developmental mathematical learning disability which is often considered part of or the same as dyslexia, the developmental reading and writing disability. While dyslexia has been known to cause some dysfunction in the understanding of mathematical elements, dyscalculia is much more complex in that it also includes over fifty different distinct classes of mathematical disabilities which include elements of confusion of abstract and strategic thought, an inability to properly construct time, schedules, or visual representations of places and directions as well as a person’s inability to conduct many tasks necessary in the running of a household such as financial planning, balancing checkbooks and credit cards, and may also include instances of people being habitually late, lost or unable to locate objects among other factors. Researchers in special education feel that the disability of dyscalculia is not being addressed in the educational systems because largely Americans are more accepting of being mathematically deficient but find that being deficient in reading and writing is not socially acceptable.
Bibliography lists 5 sources.

UK Mathematics and GCSE Level Expansion
This 9 page paper looks at the difference way in which the A’ level mathematics in the UK education system may be seen as a development and expansion of the GCSE level subject. The writer looks at the syllabus and consider how the transition between the two levels is made, and how it may best be understood by the student. The bibliography cites 8 Sources.

How Division Can be Taught to Children
This 9 page paper looks at how division may be taught to children, looking at the different ways a rectangles may be divided, the use of tables to identify a pattern, and how these can be used to show a student how maths and division works. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

Study Sample and an Application of Statistical Analysis
This 4 page paper looks at an article supplied by the student that looks at the relationship between the adjustment of female prisoners and any history of sexual abuse. The paper uses statistical analysis to examine the sample of the study. The bibliography cites 1 source.

Carpet Purchasing and Installation
A 6 page paper describing the costs of carpeting three rooms. The paper provides total costs of using one of two installers and selfinstallation to find that the purchaser can save $469 of the price of the higherpriced installation estimate. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

Life and Contributions of Sir Isaac Newton
This 11 page paper begins with a brief biography of Sir Isaac Newton. His major ideas, discoveries, inventions and works are identified. The Newton  Leibniz calculus controversy is discussed. Those who influenced Newton's works are identified. His legacy and impact in the fields of mathematics and science as well as the world's beliefs about the nature of the universe are discussed. The writer also comments on the role of the apple in Newton's thoughts about gravity. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

Nonparametric Testing and ANOVA
This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of ANOVA and nonparametric testing. It is a response to a simulation exercise which touches upon the utility of ANOVA, the KruskalWallis test, and the Ftest. Bibliography lists 1 source.

Parametric Testing and ANOVA
This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of parametric testing. The value of ANOVA in nonnormal distributions is explored. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

Statistical Analysis and Anova Use
This 8 page paper provides an overview of the statistical analysis using an anova. This paper integrates a view of assessments of nonverbal communication as a basis for the anova comparison. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

4 ANOVA Statistics Questions Week II
A 7 page paper answering four statistics questions focusing on ANOVA problems. Problem topics include ABC Corporation and Riverside, CA employment; trash bag strength; ColorSmart5000 televisions; and a comparison between the records of Arnold Palmer and Tiger Woods. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

Correlation, ANOVA, and TTests
This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of statistical tests. Tests such as ANOVA and ttests are explored. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

Computer Science and Graph Theory's Future
This 3 page paper defines and explores graph theory in mathematics. How it applies to computer science, and where it can take it in the future, is the focus of this paper. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

The Concept and Use of Systems Design Methodologies
This 3 page paper looks at the concept of systems design methodology. What it is, how it is used and how it may change in the future. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

Data Collection and the Analysis of Variables
This 7 page paper looks at an article which collects data and then uses the data in an analysis. The article used concerns the influences on maternal mortality in Burkina Faso between 1997 and 2001. The different variables are examined and the way they are clustered is discussed. The paper also presents a conceptual map. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

The Use of Prime Numbers in Cryptography
This 6 page paper examines the role and importance of prime numbers, or prime factors, in cryptology. The paper looks at public key cryptography (PKC) and the RSA algorithm demonstrating the way in which public and private keys are calculated with the use of prime numbers. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

Airline Case Study; Correlation between Age and Maintenance Costs
This 4 page statistical analysis paper is based on a case study supplied by the student. The paper provides figures for two airlines for the cost of their aircraft maintenance and the average age of their fleets over a number of years. The paper considers why a comparison of the airline cost profiles could be important if the airlines merge and assesses the correlation between age and maintenance costs and looks for similarities of differences between the age and cost pattern of each airline. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

Johannes Kepler and His Contribution to Astrology
This 4 page paper examines the reforms that were proposed by Johannes Kepler during the sixteenth century and why he made these proposals that revolutionised the practice of astrology. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

How Algebra is a Fixture in Daily Life
This 3 page paper demonstrate how there is algebra in everyday life. The paper uses the example of baking a cake and shows how an algebraic equation can be used to explain the process and the make up of the cake. This is explained in easy to understand terms.

The History of Algebra
This 3 page paper is a brief overview of the history of algebra. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

Algebra and How It Has Evolved
5 pages in length. In this paper the
history of Algebra is presented and the role that it plays in
mathematics today. There is also discussion on some of the
mathematicians who played a key role in the advancement of
Algebra as well as examples of applications in which Algebra is
used. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

Demand Forecasting
A 4 page paper comparing the graphs of raw sales data and three and fiveday moving averages of that data. ABC Floral Shop has data on the number of geraniums it sold over a twoweek period and wishes to use that data to forecast demand for other periods. It chooses to assess demand in terms of a moving average, beginning its assessment with a threeday and fiveday moving average using its original twoweek data. The paper concludes that the threeday interval provides the most accurate forecast. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

National Statistics And Local Decisions
A 3 page paper that begins by briefly explaining what statistics is and the purpose of statistics. The essay discusses how easily it is to misuse statistics, using the example of national teacher salary averages. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

The Importance of Statistics to the Insurance Industry
This 5 page paper looks at how statistics are used in the insurance industry, looking at the type of statistics that are used for different insurance policy types and how the statistics are used as well as why accurate interpretation is important. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

The Problem with Statistics
This 4 page paper looks at the different ways that statistics may be used and the way that they may be misleading through their use, misuse and the presence or error. The bibliography cites 1 source.

Student Supplied Case Study on Probability
This 3 page paper examines a probability cases presented by the student. A couple are convicted of a crime based on their description and the statistical probability of the couple being a 1 in 12 million chance, calculated with independent variables. The paper looks at how and why the conviction may have been overturned at appeal, considering the way the probability was calculated and the way that probabilities were determined in the first place.

Sampling and Probability
This is a 5 page paper discussing probability sampling. To properly understand inferences within a population, researchers have developed methods of sampling which combine with the concept of probability to acquire the desired results. There are various types of probability sampling each of which has its own advantages in regards to capturing a specific trend within the population. Sampling sizes are based on several factors as well which include level of confidence, population size, and sampling error among other factors.
Bibliography lists 6 sources.

Math Anxiety, Understanding the Fear of Mathematics
9 pages in length. A comprehensive look at the problem of 'math anxiety' and numerous studies that have attempted to help improve our understanding of its treatment. Among other things, the writer discusses how to quantitatively assess Math Anxiety and concludes with recommendations for helping young children who suffer from it. Bibliography lists 20+ sources.

Mathematics in Sports
An 11 page explanation of how mathematics are indeed an important tool in sports. Not only does an understanding of mathematics empower players by enabling them to use their body in the most effective manner to achieve optimum performance, mathematics are also useful in a diversity of other areas that are relevant to sports. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

Annotated Bibliography: Origins of Greek Mathematics
This 3 page paper is an annotated bibliography of 8 sources dealing with the origins of Greek mathematics.

Business Probability and Statistics
A 4 page paper using a survey of 288 employees as the data used in statistical analysis of that data. Questions answered through calculation of probability include "What is the gender distribution?" and "What is the probability this person will be an hourly employee whose intrinsic satisfaction is 6 or more?" Bibliography lists 4 sources.

Probability and Statistics Questions VII
8 pages of statistics problems solutions. Questions address union, intersection, random selection, Bayes' theorem and total probability. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

Problems in Probability and Statistics
This is an 8 page paper that provides an overview of probability and statistics. Concepts like mean, standard deviation, and probability are explored. Bibliography lists 0 sources.

Probability Distribution
This 5 page paper looks at probability distribution, explaining what it is, how it can be calculated, different types of probability distribution and the way it may be applied. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

Qualitative Data Collection Tools and Probability Distribution Subjectivity
A three page address of two specific questions. The first questions regards the usefulness of probability distributions in terms of statistical analysis. The second question asks for the delineation of three specific tools that are useful in the collection of qualitative data. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

Did residents of Indiana have an increased Risk of Dying from Typhoid in the Early 20th Century?
This 3 page paper takes data from the NBER on health and uses it to demonstrate a statistical analysis starting with a hypothesis test. The data used is on the incidence of typhoid between 1900 and 1903. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

Instantaneous and Average Velocity and the Derivative
A 5 page paper explaining both average and instantaneous velocities. The writer demonstrates the relationship between the derivative and these primary functions. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

Supply and Demand Economics
This 10 page paper looks at some examples of price and supply figures and forms graphs to demonstrate to operation of supply and demand. The paper includes 3 graphs and bibliography cites 4 sources.

Measurement Error and Reliability
5 pages in length. The writer discusses reliability in the context of measurement error, as well as addresses the notion of statistical significance as it applies to the evaluation of correlation coefficients used as measures of
reliability. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Click on any of the term papers to read a brief synopsis of the research paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.