• WordNet 3.6
    • n xeranthemum any plant of the genus Xeranthemum native to southern Europe having chaffy or silvery flower heads with purplish tubular flowers
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n xeranthemum A genus of composite plants, of the tribe Cynaroideæ and subtribe Carlineæ. It is characterized by long-stalked solitary flower-heads with the outer flowers small, two-lipped, and neutral, the inner ones bisexual and slightly five-cleft, and by free filaments and chaffy aristate pappus. There are 4 or 5 species, natives of the Mediterranean region. They are hoary erect branching annuals, without spines, bearing alternate leaves which are narrow and entire. The scarious inner bracts of the showy flower-heads are rose-colored or whitish; from their permanence, X. annuum, the most frequently cultivated species, is known as annual everlasting or immortelle.
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In literature:

XERANTHEMUM, Rhodanthe, Helichrysum, white yellow, purple, and red.
"Mary's Meadow" by Juliana Horatia Ewing