wheat

Definitions

  • Measuring the Wheat and Depositing It in The Granaries
    Measuring the Wheat and Depositing It in The Granaries
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n wheat a variable yellow tint; dull yellow, often diluted with white
    • n wheat grains of common wheat; sometimes cooked whole or cracked as cereal; usually ground into flour
    • n wheat annual or biennial grass having erect flower spikes and light brown grains
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Additional illustrations & photos:

A man reaps wheat A man reaps wheat

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The chewing gum Juicy Fruit has 10 calories. This is approximately the same as a bite of whole wheat bread
    • n Wheat hwēt (Bot) A cereal grass (Triticum vulgare) and its grain, which furnishes a white flour for bread, and, next to rice, is the grain most largely used by the human race.☞ Of this grain the varieties are numerous, as red wheat, white wheat, bald wheat, bearded wheat, winter wheat, summer wheat, and the like. Wheat is not known to exist as a wild native plant, and all statements as to its origin are either incorrect or at best only guesses.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: One bushel of wheat can make enough sandwiches that you could eat three sandwiches a day for over six months
    • n wheat Present authority tends to include in one botanical species (Triticum æstivum; T. sativum of some authors) all the forms of cultivated wheat except the one-rowed wheat (see einkorn wheat) and the Polish wheat (see below). For the original application of T. æstivum see summer wheat. Two less important subtypes of T ætivum are spelt (which see) and emmer. The remaining varieties (sometimes combined in a subspecies tenax) are divided into four groups, for which see club, durum, poulard, and vulgare wheat. According to the cerealist of the United States Department of Agriculture the United States may be divided into eight wheat-growing districts: the soft wheat district, mainly the Middle and New England States;
    • n wheat the semi-hard winter wheat district, Ohio to Illinois, Michigan, and a small part of Wisconsin;
    • n wheat the southern wheat district, approximately the Southern States;
    • n wheat the hard spring wheat district, the northern States of the plains;
    • n wheat the hard winter wheat district, the middle States of the plains;
    • n wheat the durum wheat district, the southern States of the plains;
    • n wheat the irrigated wheat district, approximately the Rocky Mountain and Basin States;
    • n wheat the white wheat district, the Pacific coast States.
    • n wheat An inferior wheat mainly fed to chickens: a bearded variety hardy and early.
    • n wheat In the United States, commonly any hard-grained variety of the common wheat. Also flint wheat.
    • n wheat Specifically, a red bearded vulgare variety, a standard in Texas, introduced from the islands of the Mediterranean.
    • n wheat A red winter wheat of the vulgare type grown in Poland and southwest Russia.
    • n wheat A hard-grained, beardless, winter vulgare variety of the United States.
    • n wheat The poulard wheat in some of its forms.
    • n wheat A cereal grain, the product of species of Triticum, chiefly of T. sativum (T. vulgare). The origin of the plant is not clearly known, but it is thought by many to be derived from a grass, Ægilops ovata, of the Mediterranean region, now classed as a species of Triticum. The wheat-plant is a grass closely related to barley and rye, having a dense four-sided spike, and grains longitudinally furrowed on one side, turgid on the other. In some varieties the palets bear awns, in others not, the varieties being respectively called bearded and beardless or bald. Some are planted in the spring—spring or summer wheat—others in the fall, maturing the next season—winter wheat. The product of the latter was formerly preferred, but with recent methods of manufacture spring wheat is equally valued. The varieties are further classified as white and red or amber, referring to the color of the grain; among winter wheats, at least, the white are more esteemed. The grain is highly nutritious, containing some 67 percent, of carbohydrates, 13 percent, of albuminoids, together with small quantities of the mineral substances, potash, soda, etc., required by the animal system, with only 14 per cent, of water. For use it is chiefly converted into flour; the finest but. not the most nutritious flour is nearest pure starch. The richer elements lie nearest the skin, and these are secured in “Graham” flour, which properly includes the whole grain, and by recent milling processes which appropriate all but the cuticle. Wheat was formerly made in England into a dish called frumenty or furmenty, by boiling it entire in milk, and seasoning. It is now largely used in America in the form of cracked, crushed, or rolled wheat, or wheat-grits. Wheat has been known from antiquity, being mentioned in Scripture; it is traceable to ancient Egypt, and is recorded as introduced into China about 2700 b. c. It now furnishes the principal breadstuff among all civilized nations. It is adaptable to various conditions and widely grown in temperate regions; it is not excluded by cold winters, but requires a mean summer temperature of not less than 57°. Among the principal countries which produce a surplus are the United States, Canada, Russia, Hungary, India, Australia, Egypt, Rumania, and Turkey. The varieties are very numerous, and there are several more or less strongly marked races, one of which is spelt.
    • n wheat Fagopyrum Tataricum, which is cultivated to some extent in the United States, particularly in the northwest.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: One acre of wheat can produce enough bread to feed a family of four people for about ten years
    • n Wheat hwēt the most valuable of all the cereal grasses, the grain furnishing a white flour for bread—known as bearded, beardless, or bald, according to the presence or the absence of the awns or beard; as white, red, or amber, according to colour; and as spring, summer, autumn, or winter, according to the time of sowing
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Quotations

  • Sir Richard Burton
    Sir Richard Burton
    “As threshing separates the wheat from the chaff, so does affliction purify virtue.”
  • Fred A. Allen
    Fred%20A.%20Allen
    “He dreamed he was eating shredded wheat and woke up to find the mattress half gone.”
  • Elbert Hubbard
    Elbert%20Hubbard
    “Editor: a person employed by a newspaper, whose business it is to separate the wheat from the chaff, and to see that the chaff is printed.”
  • Napoleon Hill
    Napoleon%20Hill
    “There would be no advantage to be gained by sowing a field of wheat if the harvest did not return more than was sown.”
  • Anthony Norvell
    Anthony Norvell
    “Plant a kernel of wheat and you reap a pint; plant a pint and you reap a bushel. Always the law works to give you back more than you give.”
  • Austin O'Malley
    Austin%20O%27Malley
    “Reason clears and plants the wilderness of the imagination to harvest the wheat of art.”

Idioms

Separate the wheat from the chaff - When you separate the wheat from the chaff, you select what is useful or valuable and reject what is useless or worthless.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. whete, AS. hwǣte,; akin to OS. hwēti, D. weit, G. weizen, OHG. weizzi, Icel. hveiti, Sw. hvete, Dan. hvede, Goth. hwaiteis, and E. white,. See White
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. hwǽtehwit, white; Ger. weizen; allied to white, and named from its colour.

Usage

In literature:

South Australia is a great wheat-growing country, and ships an immense quantity of wheat to England.
"The Land of the Kangaroo" by Thomas Wallace Knox
Let us feed these with the choicest of the wheat.
"Broken Bread from an Evangelist's Wallet" by Thomas Champness
Acres and acres of wheat.
"Greener Than You Think" by Ward Moore
Lower Canada was then a wheat growing and even wheat exporting country.
"The Rise of Canada, from Barbarism to Wealth and Civilisation" by Charles Roger
Some of this land is wheat land.
"Northern Nut Growers Association, Report of the Proceedings at the Fourth Annual Meeting" by Various
At Plymouth the price of wheat exceeded all records.
"William Pitt and the Great War" by John Holland Rose
We had plenty wheat bread till the old war come on.
"Slave Narratives: A Folk History of Slavery in the United States from Interviews with Former Slaves, Arkansas Narratives, Part 4" by Work Projects Administration
As for my own profession, I have been a dealer in wheat, the bread-grain of our star.
"Pharaoh's Broker" by Ellsworth Douglass
Wheat-straw 0 12 6 20.
"The Stock-Feeder's Manual" by Charles Alexander Cameron
Although India is one of the greatest wheat countries in all the world, the great majority of people in India do not eat wheat bread.
"The Khaki Kook Book" by Mary Kennedy Core
There was a time when I thought that wheat was just merely wheat.
"The Prairie Mother" by Arthur Stringer
Wheat Oats Oats Wheat Alfalfa 4.
"The Young Farmer: Some Things He Should Know" by Thomas Forsyth Hunt
The inner grain gives the pure wheat flour; the skin, when separated, forms the bran.
"Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, Volume 61, No. 380, June, 1847" by Various
When the price of wheat rose to 130s.
"The Political History of England - Vol XI" by George Brodrick
It has also been used with beneficial results for wheat, grass, and turnips.
"Manures and the principles of manuring" by Charles Morton Aikman
He had a touch of imagination, and something of the enormous momentum of that Northern wheat took possession of him.
"Calumet 'K'" by Samuel Merwin
From my experience, I can very highly recommend bread made of coarse wheat flour.
"Vegetable Diet: As Sanctioned by Medical Men, and by Experience in All Ages" by William Andrus Alcott
Rust in wheat is only avoided by getting your wheat to maturity before the rust strikes it.
"Soil Culture" by J. H. Walden
In the mighty winnowing we must go through, the wheat will be separated from the chaff.
"A Rebel War Clerk's Diary at the Confederate States Capital" by John Beauchamp Jones
Ten thousand measures of wheat are in our hold.
"Timar's Two Worlds" by Mór Jókai
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In poetry:

When Bryan speaks, the sky is ours,
The wheat, the forests, and the flowers.
And who is here to say us nay?
Fled are the ancient tyrant powers.
"When Bryan Speaks" by Vachel Lindsay
A word in the ear of the corn,
A hint to the heart of the wheat;
And these grow crisper and whisper and whisper
Of days that are almost complete.
"Summer Wind" by John Joy Bell
Woodbirds chirp in their green retreat;
Poppies flame in the waving wheat;
Over the stones the brook creeps by,
Its music hushed to a sleepy sigh.
"June Rain" by David Gow
Thy children are secure and blest;
Thy shores have peace, thy cities rest;
He feeds thy sons with finest wheat,
And adds his blessing to their meat.
"Psalm 147 part 2" by Isaac Watts
We seem alike when thus we meet,
Strangers might think we all are wheat;
But to the Lord's all-searching eyes,
Each heart appears without disguise.
"The Wheat And Tares" by John Newton
Surely you have seen it in your wide sky-going —
An eager little comrade of the spirits of the wheat;
All the hymning forests and the melody of growing,
All the ocean thunderings and all the rivers flowing,
Silenced by the music of its feet!
"Dawn Song" by John Gneisenau Neihardt

In news:

Farmer sells wheat by the bucketful .
12 ounces whole wheat penne.
White whole-wheat flour is available in the baking aisle of most grocers.
Wheat and canola planting is underway.
Canola topping wheat in Canada.
Plant called 'game-changer' for state wheat farmers in Oklahoma.
The Aberdeen-based Wheat Growers co-op did not give the purchase price for MZB Technologies.
("Wheat flour" sounds wholesome, right.
8-year-old cannot consume wheat wafers.
Wheat seed quality and disease prevention are a concern for many Colorado growers this year.
ST LOUIS—The worst US drought in decades got worse in parts of the nation's midsection, further frustrating ranchers and growers of winter wheat in Kansas and Oklahoma, a drought-tracking consortium's update showed Thursday.
Brian Davies/Register-Guard Will Andrew Wheating run the 800 or the 1,500 at this week's Oregon Twilight.
Crop circles on wheat fields in rural Perquimans County, N.C.
A farmer harvests wheat on the Robert Laseter Farm Monday afternoon.
Chatham Roberdeau Wheat would one day lead a famous Louisiana battalion called 'Wheat's Tigers into battle for the Confederacy.
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In science:

Suppose country A can produce 10 units cattle or 3 units wheat in one year, while in one year country B can produce 4 units cattle or 9 units wheat.
Complementary cooperation, minimal winning coalitions, and power indices
Then country A has absolute advantage in producing cattle and country B in wheat.
Complementary cooperation, minimal winning coalitions, and power indices
To separate the wheat from the chaff, a number of collections or “batteries” of tests, comparing statistical properties of pseudo-random sequences to those expected for a true random process, have been suggested and extensively used in the past.
Random number generators for massively parallel simulations on GPU
Experimental Setup: We tested the three different shaplet evaluation orders on all one-dimensional datasets on which the YK algorithm was assessed: arrowhead, coffee, mallat, shield and wheat.
Fast Randomized Model Generation for Shapelet-Based Time Series Classification
Wheat and coffee both contain spectrographs of different strains, with a goal of distinguishing between them.
Fast Randomized Model Generation for Shapelet-Based Time Series Classification
We tried running the pruning algorithm on all of our datasets, but for mallat, shield and wheat the implementation of exited abnormally after using 2GB of RAM, as it was compiled for 32-bit memory space.
Fast Randomized Model Generation for Shapelet-Based Time Series Classification
For example, bread dough made from wheat is viscoelastic because of the gluten polymer; likewise, the ovalbumin protein (a polymer) makes egg whites viscoelastic.
Turbulent Elasticity of the Solar Convective Zone and the Taylor Number Puzzle
When any reader can submit a review, separating the ‘wheat from the chaff ’ becomes a high priority to validly assess the quality of a manuscript.
An Algorithm to Determine Peer-Reviewers
Instead, it seems that other earlier Farmers went on to domesticate six key species still in use (emmer and einkorn wheat, barley, lentils, chick peas, and flax), plus some others tried and abandoned more or less permanently (chenopod. marsh elder) or temporarily (oats, rye, squash, sunflower; Weiss et al. 2006).
Astrophysics in 2006
High shock temperatures may be achieved in accretion shocks, however we note that T Pyx is a non-magnetic CV and such systems show X-ray shock temperatures of 3-10 keV, in general (Baskill, Wheatly & Osborne 2005).
The XMM-Newton Detection of Extended Emission from the Nova Remnant of T Pyxidis
The aim is to study the growth of winter wheat, by measuring the differences in dry weights of wheat tillers and stems.
Small-sample likelihood inference in extreme-value regression models
The explanatory variable x, measured on a cumulative degree-days scale, is an integral in time of all temperatures at which the wheat is submitted that are above the smallest temperature at which wheat can develop.
Small-sample likelihood inference in extreme-value regression models
Temperatures are measured in degrees Celsius and time is measured in days, the initial time being determined by the physiological state of the wheat.
Small-sample likelihood inference in extreme-value regression models
Modeling potential growth of tillers in winter wheat.
Small-sample likelihood inference in extreme-value regression models
In 1990, the Arizona Cancer Center initiated a multicenter trial to determine whether wheat bran fiber can prevent the recurrence of colorectal adenomatous polyps [Alberts et al. (2000), Hsu (2007)].
Population size estimation based upon ratios of recapture probabilities
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