weft

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n weft the yarn woven across the warp yarn in weaving
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In the early 1800s, a French silk weaver called Joseph-Marie Jacquard invented a way of automatically controlling the warp and weft threads on a silk loom by recording patterns of holes in a string of cards.
    • Weft imp. & p. p. of Wave.
    • n Weft A thing waved, waived, or cast away; a waif. "A forlorn weft ."
    • Weft A web; a thing woven.
    • Weft The woof of cloth; the threads that cross the warp from selvage to selvage; the thread carried by the shuttle in weaving.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n weft The threads, taken together, which run across the web from side to side, or from selvage to selvage. Also called woof.
    • n weft In botany, a name sometimes given to a felt-like stratum produced in certain fungi by abundant closely interwoven hyphæ.
    • n weft An obsolete form of the preterit and past participle of wave.
    • n weft Same as waif
    • n weft A dialectal form of waft, 3.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Weft weft the threads woven into and crossing the warp—also Woof
    • n Weft weft (Spens.) a waif, a castaway.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. weft, wefta, fr. wefan, to weave. See Weave

Usage

In literature:

Why art thou so in fear of me, when before my lord thou weft so brave?
"Four Arthurian Romances" by Chretien DeTroyes
Fiction and history have been weft across the woods and the memory of deeds still echoes among the heights.
"Myths And Legends Of Our Own Land, Complete" by Charles M. Skinner
On entering Mr. Weft's shop, I faund it empty; there wasna a leeving soul within.
"The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction, Vol. 10, Issue 275, September 29, 1827" by Various
Faint wefts creep out along the blue and die.
"Alcyone" by Archibald Lampman
Exceedingly soft and grey, with rose-tinted weft of steam upon its summit, stood Vesuvius above us in the twilight.
"New Italian sketches" by John Addington Symonds
The weft is all of doubled yarns; both warp and weft are very regular in diameter.
"Ancient Egyptian and Greek Looms" by H. Ling Roth
In weaving (even tapestry weaving) the pattern is got by the inter-threading of warp and weft.
"Art in Needlework" by Lewis F. Day
The weft of the same material has a diameter of 2 mm.
"A Burial Cave in Baja California" by William C. Massey
The weft surface is the face or wearing surface of the cloth.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 5" by Various
The snow-patches recede and leave the soaked grass covered with odds and ends of loose sticks and roots and with untidy wefts of cobweb.
"A Northern Countryside" by Rosalind Richards
In the cloth of the ancient East the warp and weft were both of cotton.
"Inventions in the Century" by William Henry Doolittle
Religion is the weft in the beautiful web of such lives as these.
"In the Land of the Great Snow Bear" by Gordon Stables
Discharging their loads they would return laden with warp, weft, size, and other articles.
"Bygone Cumberland and Westmorland" by Daniel Scott
Guest, a writer on the cotton-manufacture, very few weavers could procure weft enough to keep themselves constantly employed.
"Knowledge is Power:" by Charles Knight
For this weft use linen thread, at Nos.
"Self-Instructor in the Art of Hair Work" by Mark Campbell
He hoisted in the main shrouds an English ensign reversed, and tied in a weft or loop.
"Flags:" by Andrew Macgeorge
Clothed in goldish weft, delicately perfect, gone as wind!
"Canzoni & Ripostes" by Ezra Pound
Diligent as they were, the spinsters could not produce weft fast enough for the weavers.
"Lancashire" by Leo H. (Leo Hartley) Grindon
Great care has to be taken in dyeing the threads of the weft, which are much finer than those of the warp.
"The Spell of Belgium" by Isabel Anderson
When the shed was made the weft thread could be passed across at one movement.
"Stories of Useful Inventions" by Samuel Eagle Foreman
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In poetry:

To the Love-queen Gisli prayed--
Weft and woof of flame she wove--
Lada, Goddess of the Spring!
Lada, Goddess strong of Love!
"Gisli: The Chieftain" by Isabella Valancy Crawford
To the Love-queen Gisli pray'd--
Weft and woof of flame she wove:
Lada, Goddess of the Spring--
Lada, Goddess strong of Love!
"Gisli: The Chieftain" by Isabella Valancy Crawford
Gay was her garden as some gorgeous fabric
Weft on an Orient loom,
Star-set upon the sward quaint, old-time blossoms
Wrought broidery of bloom.
"Afterbloom" by Leigh Gordon Giltner
Clothed in goldish weft, delicately perfect,
gone as wind ! The cloth of the magical hands!
Thou a slight thing, thou in access of cunning
dar'dst to assume this?
"Apparuit" by Ezra Pound
But the stars throng out in their glory,
And they sing of the God in man;
They sing of the Mighty Master,
Of the loom his fingers span,
Where a star or a soul is a part of the whole,
And weft in the wondrous plan.
"The Three Voices" by Robert W Service
How wise, how brave, he was, how well
He bore himself, let history tell
While waves our flag o'er land and sea,
No black thread in its warp or weft;
He found dissevered States, he left
A grateful Nation, strong and free!
"Wilson" by John Greenleaf Whittier

In news:

She is pictured wearing a vest she wove using a handspun silk warp and weft.
As noted earlier, there are productivity gains if a portion of the seamless market can be converted to double-needle-bar warp knitting when the loop production rate is higher for a warp-knitting approach than for a weft-knitting approach.
WEFT Fall Membership Drive.
Warp and Weft Brings Winning FIT Student Designs to ICFF June 05, 2012.
New York-based Warp & Weft announced the results of Contemporary Creations: A Rug Design Competition at the International Contemporary Furniture Fair (ICFF) 2012.
Itema Weaving's Maestro Weft Monitoring System uses a special software-controlled weft detector that interacts with the loom's electronics for efficient handling of weft selection malfunctions.
A New Weft Monitoring Approach.
Kaleidoscope rug hand-tufted in wool and silk by Warp & Weft, 212-481-4949.
These consist of vertical threads (warp) and horizontal threads (weft) woven together.
To create "Body Blot #1," Andrea Donnelly unwove a painted image into warp and weft.
New Test Methods for Wale and Course Count of Weft Knit Fabrics.
Warp and Weft Brings Winning FIT Student Designs to ICFF June 05, 2012.
Construction refers to how the thread count is achieved (number of warp and weft yarns , number of picks in the weft, use of two-ply yarns , etc.
) To achieve higher thread counts, sometimes two-ply yarns are used, and sometimes multiple yarns (picks) are inserted into the weft.
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In science:

In them he determines the various (layer, similar to crystallographic) symmetry-group types that periodic isonemal fabrics—actually prefabrics—can have a nd (in ) which of them can be perfectly coloured by striping warp and weft.
Isonemal prefabrics with only parallel axes of symmetry
By the normal colouring of warps dark and wefts pale, the visual appearance of the strands from a particular viewpoint becomes an easily understood code for which strand is uppermost.
Isonemal prefabrics with only parallel axes of symmetry
If Figure 1d is re flected in either diagonal, the diagram rema ins Figure 1d, but, because warps become wefts under such a re flection and vice ve rsa, Figure 1d is not the design of the re flected fabric.
Isonemal prefabrics with only parallel axes of symmetry
In the trivial prefabric, all the wefts pass over all the warps or vice versa.
Isonemal prefabrics with only parallel axes of symmetry
For this simplest prefabric, all interchanges of warp and weft require τ to make them symmetries.
Isonemal prefabrics with only parallel axes of symmetry
So the symmetry group consists of operations (g , e), where g does not interchange warp and weft, and (g , τ ), where g involves a quarter-turn or re flection or glide-re flection wi th axis at 45◦ to the strand directions.
Isonemal prefabrics with only parallel axes of symmetry
Accordingly halved they become of genus I with translations from weft to adjacent weft.
Isonemal prefabrics with only parallel axes of symmetry
The question is whether there are warp-to-weft symmetries.
Isonemal prefabrics with only parallel axes of symmetry
The species here all have glide-re flections or re flections that take warp to weft, and so the question redu ces to whether they preserve the numbering.
Isonemal prefabrics with only parallel axes of symmetry
What needs to be proved is the presence of a warp-to-weft transformation; case by case: 1.
Isonemal prefabrics with only parallel axes of symmetry
The warps corresponding to predominantly dark columns of the design —together with the wefts corresponding to predominantly pale rows—will li ft off the other half of the warps and wefts.
Isonemal prefabrics with only parallel axes of symmetry
In them he determines the various (layer, similar to crystallographic) symmetry-group types that periodic isonemal fabrics—actually prefabrics—can have and which of them can be perfectly coloured by striping warp and weft.
Isonemal Prefabrics with Perpendicular Axes of Symmetry
Mirror symmetry must always be reflection combined with τ because any cell through which the mirror passes must be its own image in the symmetry but the reflection alone, reversing warp and weft, would reverse its conventional colour.
Isonemal Prefabrics with Perpendicular Axes of Symmetry
There are four lattices, that of ♦ on warp boundaries, that of ♦ on weft boundaries, that of (cid:7) on warp boundaries, and that of (cid:7) on weft boundaries.
Isonemal Prefabrics with Perpendicular Axes of Symmetry
All that is needed to make such halved designs isonemal is a warp-to-weft symmetry transformation.
Isonemal Prefabrics with Perpendicular Axes of Symmetry
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