wave

Definitions

  • Lady waving
    Lady waving
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v wave set waves in "she asked the hairdresser to wave her hair"
    • v wave signal with the hands or nod "She waved to her friends","He waved his hand hospitably"
    • v wave twist or roll into coils or ringlets "curl my hair, please"
    • v wave move or swing back and forth "She waved her gun"
    • v wave move in a wavy pattern or with a rising and falling motion "The curtains undulated","the waves rolled towards the beach"
    • n wave a movement like that of a sudden occurrence or increase in a specified phenomenon "a wave of settlers","troops advancing in waves"
    • n wave a hairdo that creates undulations in the hair
    • n wave the act of signaling by a movement of the hand
    • n wave (physics) a movement up and down or back and forth
    • n wave one of a series of ridges that moves across the surface of a liquid (especially across a large body of water)
    • n wave something that rises rapidly "a wave of emotion swept over him","there was a sudden wave of buying before the market closed","a wave of conservatism in the country led by the hard right"
    • n Wave a member of the women's reserve of the United States Navy; originally organized during World War II but now no longer a separate branch
    • n wave a persistent and widespread unusual weather condition (especially of unusual temperatures) "a heat wave"
    • n wave an undulating curve
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

A Life on the Ocean Wave 211 A Life on the Ocean Wave 211
man on horseback waving whip at wolfhound man on horseback waving whip at wolfhound
The merchants wave cloths and swords to scare the eagle from its nest The merchants wave cloths and swords to scare the eagle from its nest
Mr. Laurence waving his hat Mr. Laurence waving his hat
He waved his hand, sock and all He waved his hand, sock and all
Canute sits on his throne at the edge of the waves Canute sits on his throne at the edge of the waves
The king, standing next to an overturned chair, waves his fist The king, standing next to an overturned chair, waves his fist
Children waving Children waving

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Dolphins hear by having sound waves transmit through their skull to their inner ear region
    • Wave (Physics) A vibration propagated from particle to particle through a body or elastic medium, as in the transmission of sound; an assemblage of vibrating molecules in all phases of a vibration, with no phase repeated; a wave of vibration; an undulation. See Undulation.
    • Wave A waving or undulating motion; a signal made with the hand, a flag, etc.
    • Wave An advancing ridge or swell on the surface of a liquid, as of the sea, resulting from the oscillatory motion of the particles composing it when disturbed by any force their position of rest; an undulation. "The wave behind impels the wave before."
    • v. t Wave wāv See Waive.
    • Wave Something resembling or likened to a water wave, as in rising unusually high, in being of unusual extent, or in progressive motion; a swelling or excitement, as of feeling or energy; a tide; flood; period of intensity, usual activity, or the like; as, a wave of enthusiasm; waves of applause.
    • Wave The undulating line or streak of luster on cloth watered, or calendered, or on damask steel.
    • Wave To be moved to and fro as a signal.
    • Wave To call attention to, or give a direction or command to, by a waving motion, as of the hand; to signify by waving; to beckon; to signal; to indicate. "Look, with what courteous action
      It waves you to a more removed ground."
      "She spoke, and bowing waved Dismissal."
    • Wave To fluctuate; to waver; to be in an unsettled state; to vacillate. "He waved indifferently 'twixt doing them neither good nor harm."
    • Wave To move like a wave, or by floating; to waft.
    • Wave To move one way and the other; to brandish. "Æneas waved his fatal sword."
    • Wave To play loosely; to move like a wave, one way and the other; to float; to flutter; to undulate. "His purple robes waved careless to the winds.""Where the flags of three nations has successively waved ."
    • Wave To raise into inequalities of surface; to give an undulating form a surface to. "Horns whelked and waved like the enridged sea."
    • Wave Unevenness; inequality of surface.
    • Wave Water; a body of water. "Deep drank Lord Marmion of the wave .""Build a ship to save thee from the flood,
      I 'll furnish thee with fresh wave , bread, and wine."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Before soccer referees started using whistles in 1878, they used to rely on waving a handkerchief
    • n wave A manufacturers' name for a defect in articles of glass, consisting in a slightly protuberant ridge on the surface due to the glass having cooled irregularly and too much before blowing.
    • wave To move up and down or to and fro; undulate; fluctuate; bend or sway back and forth; flutter.
    • wave To have an undulating form or direction; curve alternately in opposite directions.
    • wave To give a signal by a gesture of movement up and down or to and fro.
    • wave To waver in mind; vacillate.
    • wave To move to and fro; cause to shake, rock, or sway; brandish.
    • wave Specifically To offer as a wave-offering. See wave-offering.
    • wave To shape or dispose in undulations; cause to wind in and out, as a line in curves, or a surface in ridges and furrows.
    • wave To decorate with a waving or winding pattern.
    • wave To signal by a wave of the hand, or of a flag, a handkerchief, or the like; direct by a waving gesture or other movement, as in beckoning.
    • wave To express, as a command, direction, farewell, etc., by a waving movement or gesture.
    • wave To water, as silk. See water, v. t., 3.
    • n wave A disturbance of the surface of a body in the form of a ridge and trough, propagated by forces tending to restore the surface to its figure of equilibrium, the particles not advancing with the wave.
    • n wave Water; a stream; the sea.
    • n wave A form assumed by parts of a body which are out of equilibrium, such that as fast as the particles return they are replaced by others moving into neighboring positions of stress, so that the whole disturbance is continually propagated into new parts of the body while preserving more or less perfectly the same shape and other characters. In a somewhat wider sense the word is applied in cases where there is no progression through the body; thus, the shape of a vibrating piano-string may be called a wave. But in its narrowest and most proper sense it is restricted to an advancing elevation or depression of the surface of a body. An advancing elevatiou is called a positive wave, a depression a negative wave. Waves on the surfaces of liquids are distinguished into four orders. A wave of the first order, also called a wave of translation, leaves the particles, after its passage, shifted in the line of its motion. It is also called a solitary wave, because a single impulse produces but one elevation or depression, which has no definite length, but extends over the whole surface. The negative wave of this sort shortly breaks; it is only the positive wave, which leaves the particles in advance of their initial positions, which can be propagated far. This wave is also called Scott Russell's great wave, because it was first discovered by that engineer in 1834, and because, owing to its form, it cannot be seen unless it is very high. The velocity of such a wave is equal to , where g is the acceleration of gravity, h the depth of the liquid in repose, and k the height of the crest of the wave above the plane of repose. This wave dies down of itself in a canal of uniform depth, independently of friction, and when it passes into shallow water it breaks as soon as h is no greater than k. A canal-boat produces such a wave, and consequently can be propelled at the rate of speed of the wave far more economically than at any other. In waves of the second order, called oscillatory waves, observation shows that each particle describes at a uniform rate of motion a circle in a vertical plane; but according to theory other orbits are possible. The particle at the crest of the wave is at the highest part of its path, that in the trough at the lowest. As long as the momentum of the particles is kept up, wave must succeed wave. If the water has a flow opposite to the direction of propagation of the waves and equal to it in velocity, it is plain that each particle will describe a prolate cycloid, and this is consequently the form of the waves. Waves thus brought to a standstill by the flow of the water are called standing waves. (See fig. 1.) They are often seen in rapidly running water. If the motion of the liquid is irrotational, theory shows that the waves cannot be cycloidal. But in regard to this whole subject neither theory nor observation can be trusted implicitly to give the truth of nature. The velocity of propagation of oscillatory waves, at least in deep water, is represented by the expression ✓(gλ/2π), where λ is the length of the wave from crest to crest. But the velocity of propagation of a group of waves is much slower. Oscillatory waves break on a shelving shore when their height is about equal to the depth of the water, and from each one, as it breaks, a wave of the first order is produced. (See fig. 2.) Waves of the third order, called ripples, are distinguished from those of the second order in the fact that the shorter they are the more rapidly they move. While an oscillatory wave 32 inches long will advance 3 feet per second, and one of 3 inches long only 1 foot per second, a ripple a quarter of an inch long will move 1 foot per second, a ripple an eighth of an inch long will move 1½ feet per second, and so on. The reason is that the force of restoration of the particles is here not chiefly gravity, but the surface-tension of the liquid. Ripples very rapidly die out. Waves of the fourth order are sound-waves. They are propagated in water at the rate of about 1,580 yards per second—that is, at a much greater speed than that of sound in air. In the case of sound propagated in the air, the waves are formed by the alternate forward and back motion of the air-particles in the direction in which the sound is being propagated; the waves are consequently waves of condensation and rarefaction, having in the free air a spherical form. The amplitude of vibration or excursion of each particle is very small, but the wave-length is large—for the middle C of the keyboard, about 4½ feet. A sound-wave travels in air about 1,100 feet per second. (See further under sound.) In the case of radiant energy (heat and light) propagated through the ether, the ether-particles vibrate transversely to the line of propagation; here the wave-length is very small—for violet light, about 0.000,016 of an inch, for red about twice this length, while the dark heat-waves, though much longer, are still very minute (see spectrum). A lightwave (or, more generally, an ether-wave) travels in space about 185,000 miles per second. Hertz has shown recently (1887) that by a very rapid oscillating electrical discharge, as between two knobs, a disturbance is produced in the surrounding ether which is propagated as electric waves with a velocity like that of light. These electric waves in Hertz's experiments were found to have a wave-length of upward of one meter. They are reflected from the surface of a conductor, but are transmitted by a non-conductor, as pitch, and may be brought to a focus; they may be made to interfere, then forming nodal points, and by passage through a grating of parallel wires they may be polarized. These electric waves are hence in all essential respects like light-waves, but differ in their relatively enormous length and the corresponding slowness of the oscillations. These experiments of Hertz form a most important confirmation of the electromagnetic theory of light proposed by Maxwell (see light).
    • n wave One of a series of curves in a waving line, or of ridges in a furrowed surface; an undulation; a swell.
    • n wave Figuratively, a flood, influx, or rush of anything, marked by unusual volume, extent, uprising. etc., and thus contrasted with preceding and following periods of the opposite character; something that swells like a sea-wave at recurring intervals; often, a period of intensity, activity, or important results: as, a wave of religious enthusiasm; waves of prosperity.
    • n wave Specifically In meteorology, a progressive oscillation of atmospheric pressure or temperature, or an advancing movement of large extent in which these are considerably above or below the normal: as, an air-wave, barometric wave, cold wave, warm wave, etc. The term barometric wave is often restricted to those changes in atmospheric pressure which are not connected with cyclonic disturbances nor with the regular diurnal variation, but which include progressive oscillations of a varied character and origin, ranging from those of a short wave-length, which occupy but a fraction of a minute in their passage, to those which cover thousands of miles and occupy several days in their development and subsidence. The remarkable air-waves generated by the eruption of Krakatoa are shown by barographic traces to have had an initial velocity of 700 miles an hour, and to have traveled round the earth not less than seven times.
    • n wave A waved or wavy line of color or texture; an undulation; specifically, the undulating line or streak of luster on cloth watered and calendered.
    • n wave A waving; a gesture, or a signal given by waving.
    • n wave A book-name of certain geometrid moths. Thus, Acidalia rubricata is the tawny wave; A. contiguaria is Greening's wave; Venusia cambraria is the Welsh wave, etc.
    • n wave In general, on sea-coasts, the increased wave-motion accompanying storms.
    • n wave =Syn 1. Wave., Billow, Surge, Breaker, Surf, Swell, Ripple. Wave is the general word. A billow is a great round and rolling wave. Surge is only a somewhat stronger word for billow. A breaker is a wave breaking or about to break upon the shore or upon rocks. Surf is the collective name for breakers: as, to bathe in the surf; it is sometimes popularly used for the foam at the edge or crest of the breaker. Swell is the name for the fact of the rising (and falling) of water, especially after the wind has subsided, or for the water that so rises (and falls), or for any particular and occasional disturbance of water by such rising (and falling): as, the boat was swamped by the swell from the steamer. Ripple is the name for the smallest kind of wave.
    • wave A former spelling of waive.
    • wave An obsolete preterit of weave.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: When you put a seashell to your ear, the sound you hear is not the waves, but actually the echo of the blood pulsing in your own ear.
    • n Wave wāv a ridge on the surface of water swaying or moving backwards and forwards:
    • v.i Wave to move like a wave: to play loosely: to be moved, as a signal: to fluctuate
    • v.t Wave to move backwards and forwards: to brandish: to waft or beckon: to raise into inequalities of surface
    • n Wave wāv (poet.) the sea: a state of vibration propagated through a system of particles: inequality of surface: a line or streak like a wave: an undulation: a rush of anything: a gesture
    • ***

Quotations

  • Norman Vincent Peale
    Norman%20Vincent%20Peale
    “Christmas waves a magic wand over this world, and behold, everything is softer and more beautiful.”
  • Marcel Proust
    Marcel%20Proust
    “A cathedral, a wave of storm, a dancer's leap, never turn out to be as high as we had hoped.”
  • Anne Morrow Lindbergh
    Anne%20Morrow%20Lindbergh
    “The wave of the future is coming and there is no fighting it.”
  • Jon Kabat Zinn
    Jon Kabat Zinn
    “You can't stop the waves, but you can learn to surf.”
  • Thomas Jefferson
    Thomas%20Jefferson
    “The boisterous sea of liberty is never without a wave.”
  • Lord Alfred Tennyson
    Lord%20Alfred%20Tennyson
    “No rock so hard but that a little wave may beat admission in a thousand years.”

Idioms

Make waves - If someone makes waves, they cause a lot of trouble.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. waven, AS. wafian, to waver, to hesitate, to wonder; akin to wæfre, wavering, restless, MHG. wabern, to be in motion, Icel. vafra, to hover about; cf. Icel. vāfa, to vibrate. Cf. Waft Waver
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. wafian, to wave; cf. Ice. vafra, to waver.

Usage

In literature:

He was waving a paper over his head, so that I inferred the Giants must have won that day.
"The Lady and the Pirate" by Emerson Hough
They saw a small motor boat riding dizzily upon the crest of a wave one moment to be dropped out of sight in the trough the next.
"Boy Scouts in the North Sea" by G. Harvey Ralphson
Pauline saw the movement, and a wave of sympathy flashed between the sisters.
"Girls of the Forest" by L. T. Meade
Out of the darkness, the waves seemed to spring suddenly, without warning at one's very feet.
"A Poor Man's House" by Stephen Sydney Reynolds
Her bow-wave, owing to the gradually increasing draught, was greater, but less sharp than before.
"The Submarine Hunters" by Percy F. Westerman
The sea has heavy waves, but there are heavier waves in the human heart.
"Fairy Tales of Hans Christian Andersen" by Hans Christian Andersen
There was, moreover, a curious place in the rock, not unlike an arm-chair, in which one might sit and watch the shining waves.
"The Birthright" by Joseph Hocking
He waved to the guard.
"The Saracen: Land of the Infidel" by Robert Shea
Sensitizing the detector, he slid up the tuning handle for high waves.
"Peter the Brazen" by George F. Worts
He was covered with thick, brown hair, like fur, from head to foot, but that on his head was true hair, long and waving.
"In the Morning of Time" by Charles G. D. Roberts
Then the other pulls the boat out of danger before the wave curls and breaks.
"Billy Topsail & Company" by Norman Duncan
She waved back gayly and cantered up to him, her lovely face aglow with cordial greeting.
"Out of the Depths" by Robert Ames Bennet
Interfere with the wave which already is breaking up the thought waves.
"The End of Time" by Wallace West
The waves ran very high; the vessel rolled a great deal.
"The Voyages and Adventures of Captain Hatteras" by Jules Verne
The action is an ether action, the waves are ether waves, but they are relatively very long.
"The Machinery of the Universe" by Amos Emerson Dolbear
As for Lizzie and Jared," young Mr. Van Dorn waved a gay hand, "let them look out for themselves.
"In the Heart of a Fool" by William Allen White
I don't know, but a wave came and washed both Mrs. Hoy and her daughter out of the boat.
""And they thought we wouldn't fight"" by Floyd Gibbons
Timea had seen that: the big wave had washed him away before her eyes.
"Timar's Two Worlds" by Mór Jókai
The occupants waved as Rick flew over.
"The Wailing Octopus" by Harold Leland Goodwin
Captain Ichabod ran with his lantern to the far point of land, and waved it frantically in warning.
"When the Cock Crows" by Waldron Baily
***

In poetry:

Grey mists in the morn,
And grey waves that rave,
Grey mould on my grave,
And grey eyes forlorn.
"The Grey World" by Leon Gellert
Then Echo woke—and spoke
'No more—no more,'
And a wave broke
On the sad shore
When Echo said
'No more,'
"A Song In Three Parts" by Jean Ingelow
Waves upon waves of weeping
Went over the ancient pain;
Glad waves go over it leaping—
Still it rises again!
"Picture Songs" by George MacDonald
These are the bones of Slaves;
They gleam from the abyss;
They cry, from yawning waves,
"We are the Witnesses!"
"The Witnesses" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Oh! the horror of those moments;
Flames above and waves below--
Oh! the agony of ages
Crowded in one hour of woe.
"Our Hero" by Frances Ellen Watkins Harper
And thou hast reached His feet! Glad wave,
Dost dream of days of yore?
Dost yearn that we shall meet, pure wave,
Upon the golden shore,
Ever -- ever -- evermore?
"Fragments From An Epic Poem" by Abram Joseph Ryan

In news:

The Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale National Marine Sanctuary will hold a free public photo show and talk called "History Below the Waves" by Hans Van Tilburg.
KAANAPALI — The Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale National Marine Sanctuary will hold a free public photo show and talk called "History Below the Waves" by Hans Van Tilburg.
Hundreds of supporters wave flags and banners outside the hospital.
Argentina's President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner waves in Buenos Aires after winning the general elections on Sunday.
The world's greatest big-wave surfers arrive at the shores of Waimea Bay more.
Whitney Houston waves to the crowd at the 36th Annual Grammy Awards in New York 01 March 1994 after she was honored for Record of the Year, 'I'll Always Love You,' and Album of the Year, the soundtrack from the film 'The Bodyguard.'.
Another look at the eternal boy of the French new wave.
Heavy rainfall and waves of up to 52 feet are forecast for the Atlantic archipelago.
No studio director was a greater hero to the Hong Kong new wave than Martin Scorsese.
After years of relative calm, a destination for outdoor furniture in New Orleans makes waves.
On April 27, 2011, a wave of five tornadoes ripped through Cleveland and Charleston, Tenn.
Dustin Barca trains for the pounding waves by pounding some canvas in the gym.
"This is not a wave year," House Majority Leader Matt Dean, R-Dellwood, said.
Will cranes forward, waves me this way and that until we get the canoe back into a current.
High winds led to high waves.
***

In science:

It measures the exponential decay of the magnitude of the wave due to scattering in the random medium. A non-localized wave has γj = 0, whereas γj 6= 0 describes a localized wave En,j .
Light Scattering on Random Dielectric Layers
Fig. 1d), which correspond to waves with different growth rates: longer waves (with smaller wave numbers) grow faster, since the growth rate monotonically increases with the wave length (Fig. 1f ).
An asymptotic model for the Kelvin-Helmholtz and Miles mechanisms of water wave generation by wind
Therefore, if as Schrödinger believed, the behavior of a single particle can be described by a wave equation, it can for two particles be described by a set of different quasiparticles (normal modes), each of them described by a wave function not entangled with the wave functions of the other quasiparticles.
The clouds of physics and Einstein's last query: Can quantum mechanics be derived from general relativity?
P wave (the unitarization of S -wave WLWL scattering occurs via t-channel exchange) contrary to S -wave decay of the Higgs boson.
Heavy Vectors in Higgs-less models
However, the point source is a linear combination of the plane waves (including the evanescent waves), so there is no loss of generality in considering propagation of the plane waves.
Does negative refraction make a perfect lens?
The first, second and third terms in Eqs. (1) and (2) correspond to the spatial wave function, the spin wave function of the two nucleons (assuming SN = 0), and the isospin wave function of the total system, respectively.
Chiral SU(3) dynamics and the quasibound K^-pp cluster
Thus, a spherical wave from the point source is an object wave, and a plane wave propagating parallel to the optical axis is a reference wave as shown in Fig. 14(a).
Augmenting Light Field to model Wave Optics effects
Spectral width of the wave harmonics as a function of their frequency, corresponding to the spectrum of Fig. 5(b). (b) Power spectrum and (c) summed bicoherence of the reflected light intensity of capillary waves driven by the parametrically excited wave at f1 = f0 /2 = 20 Hz at intermediate acceleration of ∆A = 6g .
Phase randomization of three-wave interactions in capillary waves
The degree of coherence in three-wave interactions depends on the nonlinear interaction time between waves in the wave triads.
Phase randomization of three-wave interactions in capillary waves
In the ma jority of the observational reports of Alfv´en waves ambiguity exists and the waves can be interpreted as trapped modes, fast and slow kink waves.
The role of torsional Alfven waves in coronal heating
In this work it was suggested that these waves were Alfv´en waves probably being generated in the chromospheric network from mode conversion of p-modes propagating from the photosphere (hence explaining the peak in the power spectrum of the waves).
The role of torsional Alfven waves in coronal heating
Since longitudinal waves are more easily detected during observations in this paper we prefer referring to the longitudinal waves that issue from the Alfv´en waves.
The role of torsional Alfven waves in coronal heating
Another factor playing an important role in the wave dissipation is the wave-to-wave interaction.
The role of torsional Alfven waves in coronal heating
Since both footpoints generate Alfv´en waves we then may have a maximum of 4 shocks propagating in the corona at any time (neglecting all other dissipative mechanisms such as wave-to-wave interaction), and may not easily reflect in the transition regions due to their long wavelengths.
The role of torsional Alfven waves in coronal heating
This matrix relates incoming waves at wavevector k (frequency w = ck) to outgoing waves in all of the asymptotic scattering channels and can be calculated from the wave equation.
Modes of Random Lasers
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