vole

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n vole any of various small mouselike rodents of the family Cricetidae (especially of genus Microtus) having a stout short-tailed body and inconspicuous ears and inhabiting fields or meadows
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Vole A deal at cards that draws all the tricks.
    • n Vole (Zoöl) Any one of numerous species of micelike rodents belonging to Arvicola and allied genera of the subfamily Arvicolinæ. They have a thick head, short ears, and a short hairy tail.☞ The water vole, or water rat, of Europe (Arvicola amphibius) is a common large aquatic species. The short-tailed field vole (Arvicola agrestis) of Northern and Central Europe, and Asia, the Southern field vole (Arvicola arvalis), and the Siberian root vole (Arvicola œconomus), are important European species. The common species of the Eastern United States (Arvicola riparius) (called also meadow mouse) and the prairie mouse (Arvicola austerus) are abundant, and often injurious to vegetation. Other species are found in Canada.
    • v. i Vole (Card Playing) To win all the tricks by a vole.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n vole In card-playing, a winning of all the tricks played in one deal.
    • vole In card-playing, to win all the tricks played in one deal.
    • n vole A shorttailed field-mouse or meadow-mouse; a campagnol or arvicoline; any member of the genus Arvicola in a broad sense. All the Arvicolinæ are voles, though some of them, as the lemming and muskrat, are usually called by other names. They are mostly terrestrial, tending to be aquatic, abound in the sphagnous swamps and low moist ground of nearly all parts of the northern hemisphere, and are on the whole among the most mischievous of mammals. The common vole, meadowmouse, or short-tailed field-mouse of Europe is A. agrestis. The water-vole or water-rat is a larger species, A. amphibius, almost as aquatic as a muskrat. Some voles are widely distributed, among them one common to the northerly parts of both hemispheres, the red - backed vole, Erotomys rutilus. The commonest representatives in the United States are Arvicola riparius, A. austerus, and A. pinetorum. A very large species of British America is A. xanthognatha. The name vole is purely British, being seldom heard in the United States, or used in books treating of the American species, which are called field-mice and meadow-mice. See also cuts under Arvicola, Evotomys.Synaptomys, and waterrat.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Vole vōl in card-playing, the winning of all the tricks in one deal
    • v.i Vole to win such
    • n Vole vōl a genus of rodent quadrupeds of the subfamily Arvicolinæ, which also includes the lemmings, the musk-rats, &c., the Field-vole, the Water-vole, popularly called the water-rat, and the Bank-vole.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F

Usage

In literature:

Once his back is dried, all together, the three mousmes and himself, play at Japanese pigeon-vole.
"Madame Chrysantheme Complete" by Pierre Loti
On another occasion I saw a water-vole running away from some larger animal under the opposite bank of the river.
"A Cotswold Village" by J. Arthur Gibbs
Voles (of different kinds).
"The Evolution Of An English Town" by Gordon Home
Vole-like this latter undoubtedly was, yet he was no ordinary vole.
""Wee Tim'rous Beasties"" by Douglas English
Voles is the key to the lot of them, and I have Voles completely under my thumb.
"The Man Who Lost Himself" by H. De Vere Stacpoole
The Count won the vole, or all five tricks, and swept the stakes towards him.
"The Joyous Adventures of Aristide Pujol" by William J. Locke
Distribution, variation, and relationships of the montane vole, Microtus montanus.
"Mammals of Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado" by Sydney Anderson
He tottered to a chair, and Ralph Voles came in noiselessly.
"The Bartlett Mystery" by Louis Tracy
Distribution, variation, and relationships of the montane vole, Microtus montanus.
"The Amphibians and Reptiles of Michoacán, México" by William E. Duellman
Fifty mouse traps set in this habitat took on the first day, August 16, three northern white-footed mice and three Pennsylvania voles.
"The Mammals of Warren Woods, Berrien County, Michigan" by Lee Raymond Dice
Really they are as easy as the water vole or skunk with me.
"Mink Trapping" by A. R. (Arthur Robert) Harding
They laugh at your puerile efforts, and tell you "you are voled" before you've played a card.
"The Dodd Family Abroad, Vol. I.(of II)" by Charles James Lever
In my room I caught mice, voles, and shrews.
"A Prisoner in Turkey" by John Still
The voles make well-beaten depressions in the sod, and the grass arches over them to form canopies.
"Natural History of the Prairie Vole (Mammalian Genus Microtus)" by E. W. Jameson
The secondary and tertiary ossifications are progressively more common in older voles.
"The Baculum in Microtine Rodents" by Sydney Anderson
Some of the Vole family make a specialty of wheat.
"The Adventures of a Grain of Dust" by Hallam Hawksworth
Every one leaned eagerly forward, but each trick fell to my cousin, and he obtained the vole.
"The Courtship of Morrice Buckler" by A. E. W. (Alfred Edward Woodley) Mason
No correlation between the weight of the individual newborn vole and the number of voles per litter was observed.
"A Population Study of the Prairie Vole (Microtus ochrogaster) in Northeastern Kansas" by Edwin P. Martin
These scores apply only to the first proposal or refusal in a hand, and only to the point, the score for the vole being unaffected.
"Hoyle's Games Modernized"
It is a terrestrial Vole, and burrows.
"The Cambridge Natural History, Vol X., Mammalia" by Frank Evers Beddard
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In poetry:

They know full well how squirrels spend the day;
They peeped when field-mice stole and stored the seed,
And voles along their under-water way
Donned collars of bright beads.
"Kismet" by Jean Ingelow

In news:

Hungry voles decimate golden paintbrush.
The Navy will oversee a prescribed burn on Maylor's Point designed to make life difficult for voles and improve the habitat for the golden paintbrush, a wildflower listed as endangered by the US Fish and Wildlife Service.
Voles and Squirrels mess with my mojo.
Yes, nesting birds, voles, and a few other animals are monogamous , but most mammals reproduce with one dominant male controlling a large harem of females.
Hungry voles decimate golden paintbrush .
The Navy will oversee a prescribed burn on Maylor's Point designed to make life difficult for voles and improve the habitat for the golden paintbrush , a wildflower listed as endangered by the US Fish and Wildlife Service.
Too bad voles don't love poison ivy , too.
Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton of New York shown in January 2007 with staff members, from left, Phil Singer, Jennifer Hanley, Howard Wolfson, Lorraine Voles and Patti Solis Doyle.
Group sues to halt timber sale, save vole .
Last week's article on moles brought a comment from a reader that the critters destroying lawns are not moles, but voles .
I have declared war on voles at my house and the gray jays are loving it.
After watching the voles chew up my lawn and vegetable and flower gardens this summer, not to mention listening to them running around in the walls and ceiling of the house, I had no other choice but to initiate a lethal vole control program.
There are 23 species of voles in the United States, but the two of greatest consequence to gardeners are the meadow and pine voles .
The damage caused by meadow voles tends to be above the soil line, while pine voles feed underground.
Voles: Unsung heroes of the mountain ecosystem .
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In science:

Although trapping sessions were regular, a different set of voles was caught at each session leading to incomplete profiles for all sub jects.
A coupled hidden Markov model for disease interactions
The dataset therefore contains many missing observations; for example a profile for a given vole and a given disease from the first to last observation times for that vole might be N P xxP N xP , where x, N and P respectively indicate a missing observation, a negative response and a positive response.
A coupled hidden Markov model for disease interactions
The number of additional missing values, where it was not possible to ascertain the status of a particular disease, despite the vole being captured, is given in Table 3.
A coupled hidden Markov model for disease interactions
In particular, for each disease, d, we wish to evaluate the way in which the presence or absence of each of the other diseases (and perhaps further information such as whether or not any infection is in its first month) affects the probability of a vole contracting d.
A coupled hidden Markov model for disease interactions
Furthermore, observations are only available to us when the vole has been captured.
A coupled hidden Markov model for disease interactions
We require six HMMs (one for each disease) and we wish to use covariate information such as the time of year and weight of the vole.
A coupled hidden Markov model for disease interactions
Purely to simplify our subscript notation we consider each vole to have been first observed at a local (to the vole) time of 1 and last observed at (local) time T .
A coupled hidden Markov model for disease interactions
For a given vole and for disease d, the (cid:17) ∈ (Y ∪ {missing})T .
A coupled hidden Markov model for disease interactions
We now provide full detail of the likelihood for a given vole.
A coupled hidden Markov model for disease interactions
The likelihood for the data is simply the product of these likelihoods over all 1841 voles.
A coupled hidden Markov model for disease interactions
The product of the observed data likelihoods over all voles multiplied by the prior distribution for β [1:D] and π [1:D] gives, up to a constant of proportionality, the joint posterior for β [1:D] , π [1:D] and x[1:D] .
A coupled hidden Markov model for disease interactions
As mentioned in Section 1.3, for many voles not all of the covariates are available.
A coupled hidden Markov model for disease interactions
The likelihood (Section 2.2) and the forward-backward algorithm (Section 2.3) require, for each disease, the initial distribution, π [d] , of the Markov chain on the set of states for that disease at the first observation time for each vole.
A coupled hidden Markov model for disease interactions
For two of the three Bartonel la species (B. taylorii and B. grahamii) it appears that a vole is less likely to be re-infected following previous exposure while it is more likely to recover from an old infection of B. taylorii than a new one.
A coupled hidden Markov model for disease interactions
Furthermore, a vole that has recovered from a B. taylorii infection is less likely to contract B. grahamii.
A coupled hidden Markov model for disease interactions
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