virus

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n virus (virology) ultramicroscopic infectious agent that replicates itself only within cells of living hosts; many are pathogenic; a piece of nucleic acid (DNA or RNA) wrapped in a thin coat of protein
    • n virus a software program capable of reproducing itself and usually capable of causing great harm to files or other programs on the same computer "a true virus cannot spread to another computer without human assistance"
    • n virus a harmful or corrupting agency "bigotry is a virus that must not be allowed to spread","the virus of jealousy is latent in everyone"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: A person infected with the SARS virus, has a 95-98% chance of recovery
    • Virus (Computers) a program or segment of program code that may make copies of itself (replicate), attach itself to other programs, and perform unwanted actions within a computer; also called computer virus or virus program. Such programs are almost always introduced into a computer without the knowledge or assent of its owner, and are often malicious, causing destructive actions such as erasing data on disk, but sometime only annoying, causing peculiar objects to appear on the display. The form of sociopathic mental disease that causes a programmer to write such a program has not yet been given a name. Compare trojan horse{3.
    • Virus any of numerous submicroscopic complex organic objects which have genetic material and may be considered as living organisms but have no proper cell membrane, and thus cannot by themselves perform metabolic processes, requiring entry into a host cell in order to multiply. The simplest viruses have no lipid envelope and may be considered as complex aggregates of molecules, sometimes only a nucleic acid (DNA or RNA) and a coat protein. They are sometimes viewed as being on the borderline between living and nonliving objects. They are smaller than living cells in size, usually between 20 and 300 nm; thus they pass through standard filters, and were previously referred to as filterable virus. The manifestations of disease caused by multiplication of viruses in cells may be due to destruction of the cells caused by subversion of the cellular metabolic processes by the virus, or by synthesis of a virus-specific toxin. Viruses may infect animals, plants, or microorganisms; those infecting bacteria are also called bacteriophages. Certain bacteriophages may be non-destructive and benign in the host; -- see bacteriophage.
    • Virus (Med) Contagious or poisonous matter, as of specific ulcers, the bite of snakes, etc.; -- applied to organic poisons.
    • Virus Fig.: Any morbid corrupting quality in intellectual or moral conditions; something that poisons the mind or the soul; as, the virus of obscene books.
    • Virus the causative agent of a disease, .
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Following directions off the Internet and chemicals obtained from a mail order company, a team of U.S. scientists created an identical copy of the polio virus.
    • n virus The contagium of an infectious disease; a poison produced in the body of one suffering from a contagious disease, and capable of exciting the same disease when introduced into another person by inoculation.
    • n virus Hence Figuratively, that which causes a degraded mental or moral state; moral or intellectual poison: as, the virus of sensuality.
    • n virus Figuratively, virulence; extreme acrimony or bitterness; malignity.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In 1997, Fourteen percent of the one million citizens of Nairobi, Kenya carry the AIDS virus. Some 20% of the Kenyan military is infected.
    • n Virus vī′rus contagious or poisonous matter (as of ulcers, &c.): the poison which causes infection: any foul, hurtful matter
    • ***

Quotations

  • Amanda Heggs
    Amanda Heggs
    “Sometimes I have a terrible feeling that I am dying not from the virus, but from being untouchable.”
  • E. M. Cioran
    E. M. Cioran
    “A decadent civilization compromises with its disease, cherishes the virus infecting it, loses its self-respect.”
  • Hubert H. Humphrey
    Hubert%20H.%20Humphrey
    “Freedom is the most contagious virus known to man.”
  • William S. Burroughs
    William%20S.%20Burroughs
    “Language is a virus from outer space.”
  • Craig Raine
    Craig Raine
    “Great writers arrive among us like new diseases -- threatening, powerful, impatient for patients to pick up their virus, irresistible.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L., a slimy liquid, a poisonous liquid, poison, stench; akin to Gr. poison, Skr. visha,. Cf. Wizen (v. i.)
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L.; cog. with Gr. ios, Sans. visha, poison.

Usage

In literature:

Earth-type planet or no, we're not fooling with alien viruses.
"Breaking Point" by James E. Gunn
Such an idea is as fatal to society as we know it as a virus plague.
"Suite Mentale" by Gordon Randall Garrett
Its virus was in the body of law.
"The Blot on the Kaiser's 'Scutcheon" by Newell Dwight Hillis
The virus has not been isolated.
"Special Report on Diseases of the Horse" by United States Department of Agriculture
We shall be obliged to accept the sensational accounts left by a few wild-eyed, virus-brained socialists.
"A Circuit Rider's Wife" by Corra Harris
The honey from the old hive may be used, if you will only first destroy the virus.
"Mysteries of Bee-keeping Explained" by M. Quinby
I wasn't and am not now carrying any virus or bacteria unknown to Terrestrial medicine.
"The Judas Valley" by Gerald Vance
NOSFERATU PSEUDO-VIRUS: An organism resembling a virus more closely than anything else its first investigators were aware of.
"Concordance" by Ann Wilson
He had had some experience in Wall Street, but became infected with the theatrical virus.
"Charles Frohman: Manager and Man" by Isaac Frederick Marcosson and Daniel Frohman
Naturally, we take every precaution, but with a virus no protection is absolute.
"Pandemic" by Jesse Franklin Bone
And the virus breaks out in the most absurd shapes of liveries and titles.
"Humanity in the City" by E. H. Chapin
The knowledge spread through him like a virus, thinning his blood, attacking his brain, his nerves.
"Mountain Blood" by Joseph Hergesheimer
Venereal virus in ulcers is absorbed by the stimulus of mercury; hence they heal by the use of this medicine.
"Zoonomia, Vol. II" by Erasmus Darwin
We are only warming into new life and strength this virus of Rebellion, to have it recoil upon ourselves.
"Three Years in the Federal Cavalry" by Willard Glazier
It may be that the virus of city life had in some queer way already entered my veins.
"The Record of Nicholas Freydon" by A. J. (Alec John) Dawson
Could it be a disease or a virus?
"The Unprotected Species" by Melvin Sturgis
Title: The Propogation of White Martian virus.
"Category Phoenix" by Boyd Ellanby
Trinidad is a purely Crown colony, and has escaped hitherto the introduction of the election virus.
"The English in the West Indies" by James Anthony Froude
Could be a filtrable virus.
"Mate in Two Moves" by Winston Marks
After they bite me they'll have no virus left for you.
"The Captain of the Gray-Horse Troop" by Hamlin Garland
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In poetry:

For he, in turn, courts Pholoe,--
A maid unscotched of love's fierce virus;
Why, goats will mate with wolves they hate
Ere Pholoe will mate with Cyrus!
"To Albius Tibullus" by Eugene Field

In news:

DAYTONA BEACH, Fla.—The LPGA Tour says longtime rules official Doug Brecht has died after a three-month battle with the West Nile virus.
New measures are being taken to stop West Nile Virus.
West Nile is not the only virus that has recently popped up across the county.
For most people, computer security means just that: Keeping viruses off your desktop or laptop, your PC or your Mac.
Viruses, worms, Trojans - you've likely heard or read about them.
Siemens Updates News on Stuxnet Virus.
The federal government tightens regulations on SARS and other deadly viruses, but the changes could hamper research.
A number of viruses are going around.
A computer virus targeting industrial control systems provides a blueprint for a new generation of cyberweapons.
An Unprecedented Data Point , The Single-Treatment Capture of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) by the Aethlon Hemopurifier.
West Nile Virus Spreads to Northeast Texas.
A fish farm off Vancouver Island's west coast says it plans to cull Atlantic salmon after federal officials quarantined a facility over fears of a virus.
When to pay for separate anti-virus software.
The virus kills 55 thousand people a year.
Virus-Fungus Combo May Contribute to Honeybee Die-Off .
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In science:

This phenomenon is particularly important, for example, in the case of HIV virus.
Simple models of protein folding and of non--conventional drug design
Thresholds for virus spread on networks. appear in Ann.
Eigenvalues of Euclidean Random Matrices
One motivation for studying such processes is a simplified model for the spread of viruses.
Large Deviations for Processes in Random Environments with Jumps
The findings in the current manuscript are also important for better understanding virus tracing of neurons (e.g.
Complexity and anisotropy in host morphology make populations safer against epidemic outbreaks
Analogue effects can be also important in transneuronal spreading of virus in order to deliver gene therapy (Oztas, 2003).
Complexity and anisotropy in host morphology make populations safer against epidemic outbreaks
Loewy, A. D. 1998 Viruses as transneuronal tracers for defining neural circuits.
Complexity and anisotropy in host morphology make populations safer against epidemic outbreaks
We study the dynamics of information (or virus) dissemination by m mobile agents performing independent random walks on an n-node grid.
Infectious Random Walks
They can be in practice always in the infectuos phase and this is true e.g. for the spreading of viruses in large scale informatic systems.
Phase transitions on heterogeneous random graphs: some case studies
Many years later, a set of virus treatments is superimposed on this, using the extended Youden square in Table 1.
Decomposition tables for experiments. II. Two--one randomizations
FUN-CIS would have lower maintenance as software application updates, virus scanning and patches can be executed on the server.
Thin Client Web-Based Campus Information Systems for Fiji National University
Reproducible nonlinear population dynamics and critical points during replicative competitions of RNA virus quasispecies. J.
Nonlinear deterministic equations in biological evolution
In particular analyses an SI model similar to ours; multiple random walks on a graph G that carry a virus, and the quantity of interest is the completion time.
Viral Processes by Random Walks on Random Regular Graphs
But when the fraction of the original virus becomes small, all viruses replicate slower than a population of φ6 .
Biological Evolution and Statistical Physics
Turner and Chao measured a density-dependent fitness of the φ6 virus and a mutant strain φH 2 by infecting bacterial cells with a given mixture of the two types, and by determining the ratio of the two types after virus multiplication within the bacteria.
Biological Evolution and Statistical Physics
However, competition between two variants of a virus is not all this experiment is about.
Biological Evolution and Statistical Physics
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