vicarious

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj vicarious suffered or done by one person as a substitute for another "vicarious atonement"
    • adj vicarious occurring in an abnormal part of the body instead of the usual site involved in that function "vicarious menstruation"
    • adj vicarious experienced at secondhand "read about mountain climbing and felt vicarious excitement"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Vicarious (Med) Acting as a substitute; -- said of abnormal action which replaces a suppressed normal function; as, vicarious hemorrhage replacing menstruation.
    • Vicarious Acting or suffering for another; as, a vicarious agent or officer. "The soul in the body is but a subordinate efficient, and vicarious . . . in the hands of the Almighty."
    • Vicarious Of or pertaining to a vicar, substitute, or deputy; deputed; delegated; as, vicarious power or authority.
    • Vicarious Performed ,experienced, or suffered in the place of another; substituted; as, a vicarious sacrifice; vicarious punishment; vicarious pleasure. "The vicarious work of the Great Deliverer."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • vicarious In paleontology, said of representative, closely related species or genera of fossil organisms occurring in homotaxial formations of different faunal provinces. Examples are afforded by the Silurian trilobites Deiphon americanus, of the American Niagaran, and Deiphon forbesi, of the British Wenlock beds; and by the brachiopods Orthis striatula, of the European Upper Devonian, and Orthis tulliensis and O. impressa, of the homotaxial North American formations.
    • vicarious Of or belonging to a vicar or substitute; deputed; delegated: as, vicarious power or authority.
    • vicarious Acting for or officially representing another: as, a vicarious agent or officer.
    • vicarious Performed or suffered for another.
    • vicarious In physiology, substitutive: noting the performance by one organ of the functions normally belonging to another; compensatory.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Vicarious filling the place of another: performed or suffered in place of or for the sake of another
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Quotations

  • George Santayana
    George%20Santayana
    “Parents lend children their experience and a vicarious memory; children endow their parents with a vicarious immortality.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. vicarius, from vicis, change, alternation, turn, the position, place, or office of one person as assumed by another; akin to Gr. e'i`kein to yield, give way, G. wechsel, a change, and probably also to E. weak,. See Weak, and cf. Vice (prep.)
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. vicarius, supplying the place of another—vicis, change, alternation.

Usage

In literature:

Now, the question is, whom shall we place upon the altar as a vicarious sacrifice?
"A Political History of the State of New York, Volumes 1-3" by DeAlva Stanwood Alexander
Culture cannot be vicarious.
"The Booklover and His Books" by Harry Lyman Koopman
Isn't there, for women, besides the joys of personal accomplishment, another satisfaction, which one might call vicarious?
"Sacrifice" by Stephen French Whitman
The teacher was a vicarious soldier.
"Little Journeys to the Homes of the Great, Vol. 13" by Elbert Hubbard
Pity, and a kind of vicarious victory.
"Charley de Milo" by Laurence Mark Janifer AKA Larry M. Harris
The interest he excited was, however, largely vicarious.
"Greener Than You Think" by Ward Moore
It is vicarious suffering; for they do not know what is perplexing us.
"The Preacher and His Models" by James Stalker
His actions are performed vicariously in conversation.
"The Green Carnation" by Robert Smythe Hichens
With Crozier's endorsement thus vicariously conveyed, the ex-man-o'-war's man has no need to say a word for himself.
"The Flag of Distress" by Mayne Reid
Already the vicariate was becoming demoralized.
"Bell's Cathedrals: The Cathedral Church of Ripon" by Cecil Walter Charles Hallett
To-day he was in the state of mind when even vicarious good deeds are a support and a consolation.
"In Connection with the De Willoughby Claim" by Frances Hodgson Burnett
Bea pinched her own arm in a quick agony of vicarious embarrassment.
"Beatrice Leigh at College" by Julia Augusta Schwartz
Such are outside vicariates, and the chaplaincies of presidios, fortresses, etc.
"The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898 (Vol 28 of 55)" by Various
Why not make yourself a sort of vicarious atonement?
"The Forester's Daughter" by Hamlin Garland
For is not the career of every true hero or heroine vicarious to a certain degree?
"Homer's Odyssey" by Denton J. Snider
It enjoyed the honour vicariously, indeed.
"Chippinge Borough" by Stanley J. Weyman
Her sex controls votes and vicariously receives them.
"Social Transformations of the Victorian Age" by T. H. S. (Thomas Hay Sweet) Escott
Restitution may also be efficacious if it is vicarious.
"Long Odds" by Harold Bindloss
The sayings of verses 25-27 set the glory of the vicarious death in a vivid light.
"The Expositor's Bible: Ephesians" by G. G. Findlay
It were no bad thought thus to expiate our sins by the vicarious suffering of some poor wretch.
"Heroines of the Crusades" by C. A. Bloss
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In poetry:

Outside your window, venerable with light
The transient dusk, whose tale is never ended,
Paused in a foreigner pausing, used to night
Yet one lamp vicariously befriended.
"A Refugee" by Lilian Bowes Lyon
A burst of mellow lunar radiance
Inundates and illuminates the scene;
The waxing moon, in her meridian full,
Her beam vicarious disseminates,
And shining, hides with her superior light,
The twinkling beauty of the firmament!
"Grandeur." by Alfred Castner King

In news:

Movies enabled people to travel the world vicariously, and experience tragedy, love and nearly every other emotion.
Live vicariously through this 4th grader who takes a ski jump for the first time.
Get your vicarious Wal-Mart bashing here.
Paralyzed Patients Move Vicariously Through Mind-Controlled Robot.
Wesley Snipes lives vicariously through a game.
Live Vicariously through Vegas Movies.
A Dad's Case for Living Vicariously .
Former Nets exec living vicariously through his son, Erik -- in more ways than one.
Medical Malpractice – Vicarious-liability suit against pharmacy required affidavit of merit.
So why don't we start to get pumped up vicariously with some extreme bicycling in the hills of the San Francisco Bay Area area.
CEMENT & BRICKWORK R Vicari Construction Co.
Medical Malpractice – Vicarious-liability suit against pharmacy required affidavit of merit .
This event is held at different parishes in the vicariate each evening and leads up to the 39th anniversary of Roe v Wade on Jan 23.
Joe Vicari's Andiamo Italian Steakhouse.
Schools Crickets a la eeww Principal Bob Vicari said he'd eat live bugs if grades and behavior improved.
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In science:

Vicari, The large-N expansion of unitary-matrix models, Phys.
Phase transitions and random matrices
Pelissetto and Vicari’s review,154 in consideration of the high – precision of simulations.
Conjectures on exact solution of three - dimensional (3D) simple orthorhombic Ising lattices
One of the pioneers in this field, Albert Bandura, proposed the idea of Social Learning (Bandura, 1986), a form of learning which places emphasis on the vicarious part of learning.
In the Face (book) of Social Learning
We wish to thank Ettore Vicari for useful conversations and Andrea Vicer(cid:19)e for help in the computer simulations.
Continuum limit of field theories regularized on a random lattice
Vicari, “The effective potential of N -vector models: a field-theoretic study to O(ǫ3)”, cond-mat/9911452, Nucl.
The N-component Ginzburg-Landau Hamiltonian with cubic anisotropy: a six-loop study
Vicari, in preparation. Of course, it is possible to define Nc by requiring ω2 = 0 at the cubic fixed point.
The N-component Ginzburg-Landau Hamiltonian with cubic anisotropy: a six-loop study
Vicari et al [323] by means of the bosonization technique.
Photon-assisted transport in semiconductor nanostructures
Vicari et al find that the photoconductance is strongly influenced by the strong electron interaction.
Photon-assisted transport in semiconductor nanostructures
Vicary J. (2008). A Categorical Framework for the Quantum Harmonic Oscillator, Internat. J.
Non-Commutative Geometry, Categories and Quantum Physics
Vicari, Critical structure factor in Ising systems, Phys.
On the existence of a finite-temperature transition in the two-dimensional gauge glass
Beat Gfeller, Mat´us Mihal´ak, Subhash Suri, Elias Vicari, and Peter Widmayer.
Quasi-Polynomial Time Approximation Schemes for Target Tracking
Nevertheless the vicarious hypothesis gave very accurate longitudes.
Quasi periodic motions from Hipparchus to Kolmogorov
It is interesting to remark that a posteriori it is clear why the vicarious hypothesis worked so well.
Quasi periodic motions from Hipparchus to Kolmogorov
O(e2 ): hence still incompatible with the observations (actually worse than the vicarious hypothesis which at least gave correctly the longitudes).
Quasi periodic motions from Hipparchus to Kolmogorov
The successful (among others) attempt was driven by the remark that one needed to lower the y–coordinate at 2 e2a (i.e. to eliminate a “lunula” between quadrature by 1 the vicarious hypothesis orbit and the observed orbit).
Quasi periodic motions from Hipparchus to Kolmogorov
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