vibration

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n vibration the act of vibrating
    • n vibration a distinctive emotional aura experienced instinctively "that place gave me bad vibrations","it gave me a nostalgic vibe"
    • n vibration (physics) a regular periodic variation in value about a mean
    • n vibration a shaky motion "the shaking of his fingers as he lit his pipe"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Crabs have very small hairs on their claws and other parts of their body to help detect water currents and vibrations
    • Vibration (Physics) A limited reciprocating motion of a particle of an elastic body or medium in alternately opposite directions from its position of equilibrium, when that equilibrium has been disturbed, as when a stretched cord or other body produces musical notes, or particles of air transmit sounds to the ear. The path of the particle may be in a straight line, in a circular arc, or in any curve whatever.
    • Vibration The act of vibrating, or the state of being vibrated, or in vibratory motion; quick motion to and fro; oscillation, as of a pendulum or musical string. "As a harper lays his open palm
      Upon his harp, to deaden its vibrations ."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Sound at the right vibration can bore holes through a solid object.
    • n vibration The act of vibrating; a movement to and fro; oscillation; hence, fluctuation in general: as, avibration of opinion.
    • n vibration In physics, an oscillating, reciprocating, or any kind of stationary motion made by a body, as a pendulum, musical cord, elastic plate, or mass of air, when forced from the position, figure, or volume of equilibrium, under the influence of forces of restitution. When the reciprocating movement is comparatively slow, as that of a pendulum, which is produced by the action of gravity on the whole mass of the body, the term oscillation is commonly used, while the term vibration is generally confined to a motion with rapid reciprocations or revolutions, as that of a sonorous body, which proceeds from the attractions (with perhaps some repulsions) of the molecules of the body on each other when a disturbance takes place in their state of equilibrium. In the case of a vibrating string or rod, the vibrations are distinguished as transverse or longitudinal, according to the direction of the oscillating movement relatively to the length of the sonorous body. The term vibration is also applied to the motion (generally an elliptical revolution) which is produced among the particles of a fluid or ethereal medium when their equilibrium is disturbed by any impulse, by which means waves or undulations are caused. In all cases one complete vibration means the double movement of the particle or vibrating body to and fro about the position of equilibrium, while the movement forward and backward on one side only is a half-vibration. The laws of vibratory motion form the foundation of the theories devised by modern science to account for the phenomena of acoustics and optics. See sound, and undulatory theory of light (under light, 1), also cuts under nodal and sonometer.
    • n vibration In medicine, same as fremitus.
    • n vibration In natural history, movement to and fro, especially when quick, continuous, regular, and of little amplitude; a quivering or shivering motion; tremulousness; tremor: as, the vibration of aspen-leaves on their compressed petioles in the breeze; the vibration of the ear-drum under sound-waves; the vibration of a fly's wings in flight. The word is also somewhat specifically applied to ciliary action, or the motion of microscopic bodies, as cilia, fiagella, vibracula, vibrios, spermatic filaments, and the like, vibration being the most obvious activity of such objects, and a usual means of locomotion, of ingestion of food, etc.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The katydid has supersonic hearing. It can hear sounds up to 4-5,000 vibrations per second.
    • Vibration a vibrating: state of being vibrated: tremulousness, quivering motion
    • ***

Quotations

  • Edwin Hubbel Chapin
    Edwin%20Hubbel%20Chapin
    “Every action of our lives touches on some chord that will vibrate in eternity.”
  • Wayne Dyer
    Wayne%20Dyer
    “Everything is in motion. Everything flows. Everything is vibrating.”
  • Christopher Morley
    Christopher%20Morley
    “In every man's heart there is a secret nerve that answers to the vibrations of beauty.”
  • Fanny Crosby
    Fanny Crosby
    “Chords that were broken will vibrate once more.”
  • Charles Dickens
    Charles%20Dickens
    “There are strings in the human heart that had better not be vibrated.”
  • Pele
    Pele
    “Enthusiasm is everything. It must be taut and vibrating like a guitar string.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. vibratio,: cf. F. vibration,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. vibrāre, -ātum, to tremble.

Usage

In literature:

The late proceedings seem to be producing a decisive vibration in our favor.
"Memoir, Correspondence, And Miscellanies, From The Papers Of Thomas Jefferson" by Thomas Jefferson
Each word vibrated in her consciousness.
"Sally Bishop" by E. Temple Thurston
If the lower tone vibrates 1000 per second, the upper will vibrate 2000.
"Piano Tuning" by J. Cree Fischer
But now proceed to ask what is this ether which in the case of light is thus vibrating?
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 717, September 28, 1889" by Various
The effects, as we shall see, are more easily shown with the vibrating spheres.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 315, January 14, 1882" by Various
These two vibrating scales are the source of the Cigale's cry.
"Social Life in the Insect World" by J. H. Fabre
By vibration frequencies is meant the rate at which the ether vibrates, the number of vibrations a second.
"The Science of Human Nature" by William Henry Pyle
It has, indeed, one of the most important properties of all substances, in that it can vibrate.
"Outlines of the Earth's History" by Nathaniel Southgate Shaler
The sound faded to a vibration which was felt, not heard.
"In Search of the Unknown" by Robert W. Chambers
The vibration from the jets had been bad.
"Space Tug" by Murray Leinster
The constituent atoms of molecules can vibrate to and fro millions of millions of times in a second.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 365, December 30, 1882" by Various
When sounds enter the ear they cause the eardrum to tremble or vibrate, and this excites the nerve of hearing that is behind the eardrum.
"The Insect Folk" by Margaret Warner Morley
Absent treatment by Auric Color Vibration.
"The Human Aura" by Swami Panchadasi
Reducing rates of vibration.
"Electricity for Boys" by J. S. Zerbe
Sensing the Higher Vibrations.
"Genuine Mediumship or The Invisible Powers" by Bhakta Vishita
The armature, A, should vibrate back and forth very rapidly.
"How Two Boys Made Their Own Electrical Apparatus" by Thomas M. (Thomas Matthew) St. John
The fact is, that while a vibrating string vibrates as a whole, it also vibrates in parts.
"How it Works" by Archibald Williams
You know, perhaps, that sound is caused by vibration in the air.
"The Children's Book of Stars" by G.E. Mitton
Jeter turned his eyes on the others, to see their faces blurred by the vibration of the entire building.
"Lords of the Stratosphere" by Arthur J. Burks
In the silence of the dully vibrating ship it was utterly horrible.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, March 1930" by Various
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In poetry:

There's a sound from some vibration
Within the human voice
That arouses the latent spirit
And makes the soul rejoice.
"The Desirable Undefined" by Jared Barhite
We can, as freeborn subjects, make
Our wants and wishes known--
Our voices move the parliament
And vibrate to the throne.
"Lines Of Annexation" by Nora Pembroke
Theirs is a speech which is not speech;
A language that is bound
To soul-vibrations vague that reach
Deeper than any sound.
"One Day And Another: A Lyrical Eclogue – Part V" by Madison Julius Cawein
Bright thoughts that are heart prisoners
Vibrating on its chords,
For, alas! I have not genius
To bring them forth in words.
"Thoughts" by Nora Pembroke
MY NATIVE LAND!
Were this but home, it were all grand, All beautiful. It is not home:
The sky, the wind, the waves that shiver Against the shore, the forest-gloom,
Whatever makes the heart-strings quiver, All their vibrations echo "Home."
"The Sea-Shore" by Albert Pike
THE SEA, THE SEA!
It rings as loud, it rolls as free, As brightly flashes on this shore,
As where the deep, grave, calm vibration, From its great heart's green, gushing core,
Washes the footprints of a nation Of freemen, on New England's shore.
"The Sea-Shore" by Albert Pike

In news:

These vibrations help create the raw sound of voice.
Music fills the air, vibrating against the warmly-lit walls in the sanctuary.
On Good Vibrations, expect some standards done Latin-style.
The patented Power Flex movement ensures a significantly longer service life despite shock and vibration while the optional PLUS.
Ras Jammie & the Splifftones, Oreganic, Irie Idea, Positive Vibrations.
'New-car manufacturers spend a lot of engineering resources minimizing what they term NVH, which stands for noise, vibration, and harshness.
TSA Screener Finds Blogger's Vibrator, Orders Her to 'Get Freak On.
Positive Vibrations Go to show page.
No food or drinks, cell phones on vibrate .
"Please turn on your cell phones, and set them to vibrate .".
Problem Please turn on your cell phones, and set them to vibrate .
Last weekend, downtown Cleveland was absolutely vibrating with civic activity.
Good Vibrations, 2504 San Pablo, Berk.
Vibrator / USB, why didn't we think of this earlier.
Chipping in good vibrations for regionals.
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In science:

For the electron temperatures kB T = 0.4meV , the vibrational amplitude is x0 ∼ 0.03 ˚A, and hence only the zero-point mode is active, provided Ω ≫ kB T .
Broken Symmetry and Coherence of Molecular Vibrations in Tunnel Transitions
In our first example, the electron re servoirs are strongly coupled with the dot vibrations that are characterized by the effective temperature kB Tef f = eV /2.
Broken Symmetry and Coherence of Molecular Vibrations in Tunnel Transitions
This means that the magnitude of the bias voltage eV has to be greater than the zero-point energy of the dot vibrations (with amplitude x = x0 and p = p0 ).
Broken Symmetry and Coherence of Molecular Vibrations in Tunnel Transitions
The threshold voltage, at which the frequency of vibrating dot becomes zero, coincides with the Coulomb energy Uc .
Broken Symmetry and Coherence of Molecular Vibrations in Tunnel Transitions
Nevertheless, the amplitude of the thermal vibration is still too small to activate the shuttle mechanism at distances comparable with the Fermi length λ ∼ 1 ˚A.
Broken Symmetry and Coherence of Molecular Vibrations in Tunnel Transitions
Mechanical tests have then been performed on a vibrating table.
Design of a Base-Board for arrays of closely-packed Multi-Anode Photo-Multipliers
With appropriate boundary conditions the system may also be equivalent to a vibrating membrane.
Lectures on random matrix theory and symmetric spaces
It might be also interesting to compare these modes in detail with the localized vibrational modes studied, e.g., in .
What is moving in silica at 1 K? A computer study of the low-temperature anomalies
The vibrational kinetic energy K0 in standard order is determined by the coefficients gab and gb in (25).
Many-body Hamiltonians in implicitly defined frames
In particular, there is no need to invert the inertia tensor, or to compute its determinant or that of the vibrational kinetic tensor gab (25).
Many-body Hamiltonians in implicitly defined frames
Individual vibrational bandheads for the Swan bands are shown in the MSX SMC 155 panel, which has particularly strong ∆v = 3 bands.
R CrB Candidates in the Small Magellanic Cloud: Observations of Cold, Featureless Dust with the Spitzer Infrared Spectrograph
Infrared-active vibrations of T1u symmetry show similar splitting.
Static and dynamic Jahn-Teller effect in the alkali metal fulleride salts A4C60 (A = K, Rb, Cs)
In addition, the possibility of observing vibrational pumping via SERS was proposed in 1996.
A conclusive demonstration of vibrational pumping and determination of SERS cross sections
L and ¯hωv [J] are the energies of the laser and vibration, respectively, and nB (¯hωv /kB T ) is the Boltzmann factor for that vibration.
A conclusive demonstration of vibrational pumping and determination of SERS cross sections
Molecular vibrations have such strong couplings with other vibrations in the molecule that contributions from inhomogeneous broadenings are negligible.
A conclusive demonstration of vibrational pumping and determination of SERS cross sections
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