vesicle

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n vesicle a small anatomically normal sac or bladderlike structure (especially one containing fluid)
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Vesicle (Bot) A bladderlike vessel; a membranous cavity; a cyst; a cell.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n vesicle In petrography, a cavity in lava formed by the expansion of escaping gasbubbles, chiefly of steam.
    • n vesicle Any small bladder-like structure, cavity, cell, or the like, in a body; a membranous or vesicular vessel or cavity; a little sac or cyst. Also vesicule. In anatomy and zoology, a small bladder or sac: a generic term of wide application to various hollow structures, otherwise of very different character and requiring specification by a qualifying word. Many such formations are embryonic and so transitory, and have other distinctive names when matured
    • n vesicle A minute hollow sphere or bubble of water or other liquid.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Vesicle a small bladder or blister: a small cavity in an animal body; (bot.) a bladder-like cell
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. vesicula, dim. of vesica, a bladder, blister; akin to Skr. vasti, bladder: cf. F. vésicule,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L., bladder.

Usage

In literature:

Such a duration of impressions on the retina proves that the effect of external influences on nerve-vesicles is not necessarily transitory.
"History of the Conflict Between Religion and Science" by John William Draper
Then his first vaccination patients developed vesicles, and the trouble began.
"Doctor Therne" by H. Rider Haggard
Little vesicles may appear on the skin, and pus may be found without any distinct limiting membrane, as in abscess.
"Special Report on Diseases of the Horse" by United States Department of Agriculture
The vesicle begins to dry and is shortly a dark crust which remains from one to three weeks and then falls off.
"The Eugenic Marriage, Vol 2 (of 4)" by W. Grant Hague
These vesicles lie in groups all through the flesh of the pileus, sometimes forming the greater part of its substance.
"Studies of American Fungi. Mushrooms, Edible, Poisonous, etc." by George Francis Atkinson
Stipe more or less elongated, simple, erect, brownish below, filled with roundish vesicles.
"The Myxomycetes of the Miami Valley, Ohio" by A. P. Morgan
Vesicles are produced in the mouth, on the lips, nose and fingers.
"Outlines of dairy bacteriology" by H. L. Russell
The intention was to convert the vesicles into an issue, after the progress of the cowpox had been observed.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Volume 14" by Various
The clouds are of a similar vesicular character, and rain does not fall till the vesicles unite to form drops.
"The Philosophy of the Weather" by Thomas Belden Butler
The vesicle as a rule does not exceed a pin head in size but may become as large as a pea.
"Handbook of Medical Entomology" by William Albert Riley
Part of the mass is vesicular, and the vesicles are studded over with minute crystals of white opaque quartz.
"Scenes and Adventures in the Semi-Alpine Region of the Ozark Mountains of Missouri and Arkansas" by Henry Rowe Schoolcraft
His array of toilet vesicles reminded me of the shelves in a barber's shop.
"The Sea and the Jungle" by H. M. Tomlinson
The pain ceased even before the vesicles had perfectly healed; a rather unusual occurrence in my experience.
"Neuralgia and the Diseases that Resemble it" by Francis E. Anstie
The bark of fir trees is thin, smooth, and pale, with abundant resin vesicles, until the trees are well grown.
"Trees Worth Knowing" by Julia Ellen Rogers
In one case there was slight vesicle on nostril and slight inflammation of gum.
"Prairie Farmer, Vol. 56: No. 12, March 22, 1884" by Various
This phenomenon is attributed to the slow oxygenation of the blood in the respiratory vesicles.
"Curiosities of Medical Experience" by J. G. (John Gideon) Millingen
The vesicles are superficial in situation, the firm papule which precedes the variolous rash being altogether wanting.
"A System of Practical Medicine by American Authors, Vol. I" by Various
Seeds and bark with balsam-bearing vesicles.
"The Manual of the Botany of the Northern United States" by Asa Gray
Next the pit closes up to form a vesicle with a pore, and so gives rise to the pneumatophore.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 14, Slice 2" by Various
Each vesicle contains a single ovum or egg.
"Private Sex Advice to Women" by R. B. Armitage
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In news:

Multilayer Lamella Vesicles in Oxidative Dye Formulations: Characterization and Performance.
Multilayer Lamella Vesicles in Oxidative Dye Formulations: Characterization and Performance CosmeticsAndToiletries.com.
VPS35 Mutations in Parkinson Disease ( function(d, s. Vps35 Mediates Vesicle Transport between the Mitochondria an.
The double- membrane vesicle is completed when the inner and outer bilayers fuse to form two distinct membranes , one inside the other.
Semen is comprised of secretions and cells from seminal vesicles, prostate, testis, epididymis, and ejaculatory ducts.
Florescent micrograph reveals RNA, red, absorbed to mineral clay surface and encapsulated within a cell-related structure known as a vesicle.
Scientists Develop Lentil-Shaped Lipid Vesicles that Target Drugs to Stenotic Vessels.
Some vesicles stay open briefly before retrieval (kiss-and-run).
Developmental Regulation of Vesicle Transport in Drosophila Embryos: Forces and Kinetics.
"And what this produces is rather disfiguring, unsightly, fluid-filled vesicles of blisters, which, unfortunately, also pigment the skin," said Carrington.
Scientists Develop Lentil -Shaped Lipid Vesicles that Target Drugs to Stenotic Vessels.
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In science:

The compact axially symmetric vesicle states described in [5, 6] result when the center of inversion lies within the catenoid.
Force dipoles and local defects on flat fluid membranes
The problem was reconsidered more recently, in particular because of the experiments of the Sackmann group [4, 70, 71], which exhibited shape transitions of single vesicles induced by changes in temperature.
Amphiphilic Membranes
This prompted the research on the identification of the phase diagram of vesicle shapes (for recent reviews, see, e.g., , and the Proceedings contained in ).
Amphiphilic Membranes
As soon as the lateral size of the membrane becomes larger than κ/τ , i.e., 1–10 nm, it becomes energetically favorable for the membrane to get rid of its open edge and form a closed vesicle. A detailed study of this transition, analytic at zero temperature, and via simulations at T > 0, is contained in ref. .
Amphiphilic Membranes
On a time scale of several hours the ions enclosed in the vesicle at its formation remain there.
Amphiphilic Membranes
We can use this scale invariance to draw the phase diagram of vesicle shape as a function of dimensionless variables.
Amphiphilic Membranes
In order to explain the transitions observed in a given vesicles, one has to assume that the inner and outer layer expand at different rates when the temperature is raised, introducing a phenomenological parameter which depends on the vesicle one is looking at.
Amphiphilic Membranes
Other forms can be obtained by the solution of the differential equations, as it had been done for vesicles of genus 0.
Amphiphilic Membranes
Vesicles of DMPC in water: the reconstructed tra jectories in (v , m) space correspond to the dotted lines in the previous figure.
Amphiphilic Membranes
In the same figure, we present electrophysiological experiments by Frolov and co-workers [ 388, 390] that show the conductance between two fusing vesicles and the conductance between the individual vesicles and the solution.
Biological and synthetic membranes: What can be learned from a coarse-grained description?
Shown is a cross-section along the vesicle-vesicle axis.
Biological and synthetic membranes: What can be learned from a coarse-grained description?
Even more details of the lipid architecture are incorporated in the systematically coarsegrained representation of Marrink and Mark [ 14] who studied fusion of two very small vesicles [ 414].
Biological and synthetic membranes: What can be learned from a coarse-grained description?
Note the differences in stalk structure (bent in pathway II) and in the composition of the HD (mixed in pathway I, almost entirely from a single vesicle in pathway II).
Biological and synthetic membranes: What can be learned from a coarse-grained description?
Structure and dynamics of membranes – from cel ls to vesicles, Vol 1 of Handbook of biological physics, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1995. 20. K.
Biological and synthetic membranes: What can be learned from a coarse-grained description?
Phase-diagram and scaling behavior of fluid vesicles.
Biological and synthetic membranes: What can be learned from a coarse-grained description?
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