vertical integration

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n vertical integration absorption into a single firm of several firms involved in all aspects of a product's manufacture from raw materials to distribution
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Usage

In literature:

In the meantime vertical integration will be based predominantly on contractual relations.
"Area Handbook for Bulgaria" by Eugene K. Keefe, Violeta D. Baluyut, William Giloane, Anne K. Long, James M. Moore, and Neda A. Walpole
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In news:

Vertical integration to the max.
However, in the early 1970s, vertical integration in the potato industry left Washington Island without contracts to grow its crops.
SAF Metal Fabrication uses vertical integration as a competitive edge.
Alter is president of The Alter Group, a national corporate real estate development firm headquartered in Skokie, Ill. With five vertically integrated companies.
If you thought the future of the pork industry was headed the way of vertical integration, think again.
A new look at industry trends shows vertical integration is not the future for pork production.
As the nation's fourth-largest vertically integrated poultry processor, Wayne Farms LLC produces more than one billion pounds of products per year for restaurants, institutions and other non-retail markets.
Vertical integration broadens company's horizons.
Inside Columbia Magazine Brings Vertical Integration In-House.
Vertical integration means growing food and delivering it to the customer with as few as steps in between as possible, said Soper.
Vertically Integrated Contract Shop Lands GE Healthcare Project.
Google has announced its acquisition of ICOA Inc A provider of Wi-Fi to high traffic public locations ICOA is a leading vertically integrated, neutral-host broadband wireless Internet network provider.
The only thing faster than Praxis' new high-speed tablet line is the company's expansion into vertically integrated pharma packaging.
Vertical integration means growing food and delivering it to the customer with as few as steps in between as possible, said Soper.
The FD series of CNC vertical machining centers from Hyundai-WIA features an integrated dual- pallet configuration and is designed for high-production environments.
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In science:

It appears natural to consider Keplerian rotation of the disc, vφ ≡ vK = pGM /r, which fits with the assumption about its small geometrical thickness, and enables us to introduce vertically integrated quantities in the standard manner (we examined also different rotation laws; Karas & ˇSubr 1999).
An orbiter crossing an accretion disc
We consider a rectangular lattice formed by the points with the integral Cartesian coordinates x = k1 , y = k2 , z = k3 , M ′ i ≤ ki ≤ Mi , i = 1, 2, 3, and the corresponding edges connecting the neighbour vertices.
The Three - Dimensional Z_2 Electrodynamics and the Two - Dimensional Ising Model
Let us consider a rectangular lattice formed by the points with the integral Cartesian coordinates x = k1 , y = k2 , M ′ i ≤ ki ≤ Mi , i = 1, 2, and the corresponding edges connecting neighbour vertices.
The Three - Dimensional Z_2 Electrodynamics and the Two - Dimensional Ising Model
Worth noting is that scalar integrals of this type occur not only in the three-gluon coupling but also in one-loop corrections to H γ γ , H Z γ , Z ZH , W +W −H and some other vertices (see, e.g., in [15, 16]).
Quark mass dependence of the one-loop three-gluon vertex in arbitrary dimension
We perform now integration by parts starting from O0 until we have a path of connected vertices that connects 0 to j or we have enough vertices to extract a factor W −3 for each observable Oj .
Density of states for Random Band Matrix
Qvis is the half vertically-integrated viscous heating rate, and the compressional heating is neglected.
Does the Slim-Disk Model Correctly Consider Photon-Trapping Effects?
The origin of galactic disk warping, which is typically vertical bending of disks in a integral shape, is a long-standing problem.
Contribution of the Large Magellanic Cloud to the Galactic Warp
If the value of the fadv is specified somehow in advance the integration of the disk vertical structure proceeds in a usual way.
Radiation pressure instability driven variability in the accreting black holes
Let ei be the primitive integral vector that points from xi+1 to xi (where xn+1 = x1 ) and let Si be the sphere whose image is the edge with vertices xi , xi+1 .
Four dimensions from two in symplectic topology
This shows that up to scaling and integral affine isomorphism there is only one base (B , A0 , S ) with three vertices.
Four dimensions from two in symplectic topology
Using this to split up the integral into two terms we get HA − ˆHA = X(e,ˆe) Ze+−ˆe+ Aρ(e) + Ze−−ˆe− = X(v,ˆv) Zv−ˆv Aρ(e+ (v)) − Aρ(e− (v)) where we have changed to a summation over vertices and used the fact that v − ˆv is equal to one component each from e+ (v ) − ˆe+ (v ) and ˆe− (v ) − e− (v ).
Constructions with bundle gerbes
In particular, one can find in several examples of Gelfand– Tsetlin’s polytopes with some non-integral vertices.
An Invitation to the Generalized Saturation Conjecture
Fig. 14.— Vertical mass flux integrated over the plane, at z = 210 pc, as a function of time.
3D MHD Modeling of the Gaseous Structure of the Galaxy: Description of the Simulations
The factors of ρ−1 i associated with these external legs cancel the factors of ρi associated with the root vertices, thus converting the root vertices into “1 vertices” that introduce a factor of unity into the integrand of the corresponding integral.
Diagrammatic analysis of correlations in polymer fluids: Cluster diagrams via Edwards' field theory
Diagrammatic expansion of the functional integral representation of Z [h] thus yields diagrams similar to those obtained here, except for the use of ˜Ψ vertices rather than ˜Ω vertices.
Diagrammatic analysis of correlations in polymer fluids: Cluster diagrams via Edwards' field theory
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