• Diagram of brains of vertebrates
    Diagram of brains of vertebrates
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj vertebral of or relating to or constituting vertebrae
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Vertebral (Zoöl) A vertebrate.
    • Vertebral (Anat) Of or pertaining to a vertebra, vertebræ, or the vertebral column; spinal; rachidian.
    • Vertebral Vertebrate.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n vertebral One of the unpaired horny plates which cover the median dorsal portion of the carapace of a turtle.
    • vertebral Of the nature of a vertebra; characteristic of or peculiar to vertebræ: as, vertebral elements or processes; vertebral segmentation.
    • vertebral Pertaining or relating to a vertebra or to vertebræ; spinal: as, vertebral arteries, nerves, muscles; a vertebral theory or formula.
    • vertebral Composed of vertebræ; axial, as the backbone of any vertebrate; spinal; rachidian: as, the vertebral column.
    • vertebral Having vertebræ; backboned; vertebrate: as, a vertebral animal.
    • vertebral In Echinodermata, axial: noting the median ossicles of the ray of any starfish, a series of which forms a solid internal axis of any ray or arm, each ossicle consisting of two lateral halves united by a longitudinal suture, and articulated by tenon-and-mortise joints upon their terminal surfaces. See Ophiuridæ, and cuts under Asteriidæ and Astrophyton.
    • vertebral In entomology, situated on or noting the median line of the upper surface.
    • n vertebral A vertebrate.
    • n vertebral A vertebral artery.
    • ***


  • Gilbert K. Chesterton
    “Brave men are all vertebrates; they have their softness on the surface and their toughness in the middle.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. vertébral,


In literature:

All these facts tell in favour of the common descent of man and all other vertebrates.
"Evolution in Modern Thought" by Ernst Haeckel
A zoological classification divides animals into vertebrate and not vertebrate.
"The Classification of Patents" by United States Patent Office
The reptiles are a class of vertebrate animals.
"Pathfinder" by Alan Douglas
"Practical Taxidermy" by Montagu Browne
I may conclude this chapter by a brief view of the Fauna of the higher vertebral animals.
"Travels in Peru, on the Coast, in the Sierra, Across the Cordilleras and the Andes, into the Primeval Forests" by J. J. von Tschudi
Here they lie until an opportunity offers for them to escape to the warm blood of a vertebrate.
"Insects and Diseases" by Rennie W. Doane
The Silurian System has not yet afforded trace of any other vertebral animal.
"The Testimony of the Rocks" by Hugh Miller
The museum possesses only some kinds of this class of vertebres from Jamaica.
"Movement of the International Literary Exchanges, between France and North America from January 1845 to May, 1846" by Various
The growth may encroach upon the vertebral canal and cause pressure on the cord (p. 451).
"Manual of Surgery Volume Second: Extremities--Head--Neck. Sixth Edition." by Alexander Miles
Examples similar in kind may be drawn from the vertebrates.
"Man And His Ancestor" by Charles Morris

In news:

The origin of all living vertebrates just got more mysterious.
The Origins and Evolution of Vertebrate Metamorphosis .
The Origins and Evolution of Vertebrate Metamorphosis Current Biology, Volume 21, Issue 18, 27 September 2011, Pages R726-R737 Vincent LaudetSummary.
Thomas Jefferson read a scientific paper in 1797 that's considered the first American contribution to vertebrate paleontology .
Zebrafish, like many other vertebrates, are able to regenerate a variety of body tissues, including their brains.
The animals not only share about 80% of their genetic make-up with humans, but in their immature forms as tadpoles, they also resemble vertebrates.
No modern land-lubbing vertebrate has more than that, a consistent pattern that has long puzzled biologists.
The pain and disability caused by osteoporotic vertebral fractures have long motivated the search for effective therapy.
The worlds smallest vertebrate is a recently discovered frog measuring just 0.3 inches long.
"The common ancestors of all jawed vertebrates today organized their heads in a way that resembled sharks," study researcher John Finarelli, a vertebrate biologist at University College, Dublin, said in a statement.
Biodiversity researchers warn that 20 percent of vertebrate species are threatened with extinction, largely because of human damage to habitats.
9, 2008) In the coastal forests of Northern California, the most abundant vertebrates are amphibians such as salamanders and frogs.
Chiropractors dispute this claim, but studies have shown that patients with vertebral tears are much more likely to have recently visited a chiropractor .
In the case of humans and other vertebrates, a brain structure called the suprachiasmatic nucleus controls circadian responses.
GPS technology has revolutionized the study of vertebrates like whales, birds and monkeys, allowing scientists to learn more about the animals' behaviors and sometimes-lengthy migrations.

In science:

The kinocilium (KC) is present in the hair bundles on non-mammalian vertebrates and contains an axoneme.
Mechanical oscillations at the cellular scale
Non-mammalian vertebrates do not possess outer hair-cells.
Mechanical oscillations at the cellular scale
Finally, the hair bundles of non-mammalian vertebrates contain in addition to many stereocilia a single cilium which contains an axoneme.
Mechanical oscillations at the cellular scale
Despite its considerable cost, sexual reproduction it is still by far the most frequent mode of reproduction in vertebrates.
A Testing Framework for P Systems
Asexual reproduction has only been described in less than 0.1% of vertebrate species.
A Testing Framework for P Systems