vertebra

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n vertebra one of the bony segments of the spinal column
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Giraffes and humans have the same amount of vertebrae in their necks.
    • Vertebra (Zoöl) One of the central ossicles in each joint of the arms of an ophiuran.
    • Vertebra (Anat) One of the serial segments of the spinal column.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Giraffes have the same number of vertebrae in their necks as humans. Their lips are prehensile, their tongues are 21 inches long, and they cannot cough.
    • n vertebra In Vertebrata, any bone of the spine; any segment of the backbone. See backbone and spine. Specifically— Broadly, any axial metamere of a vertebrate, whether osseous, cartilaginous, or merely fibrous, including the segments of the skull as well as those of the trunk.
    • n vertebra In echinoderms, any one of the numerous axial ossicles of the arms of starfishes. See vertebral, a.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Mice, whales, elephants, giraffes and man all have seven neck vertebra.
    • n Vertebra ver′tē-bra one of the segmented portions of the spinal column
    • ***

Quotations

  • Ella Wheeler Wilcox
    Ella%20Wheeler%20Wilcox
    “A pat on the back is only a few vertebrae removed from a kick in the pants, but is miles ahead in results.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. vertebra, fr. vertere, to turn, change. See Verse
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L.,—vertĕre, to turn.

Usage

In literature:

Both man and horse have seven neck vertebrae.
"The Outline of Science, Vol. 1 (of 4)" by J. Arthur Thomson
In the Hauts-vertebres the vertebrae are internal; in the Dermo-vertebres they are external.
"Form and Function" by E. S. (Edward Stuart) Russell
Vertebrae of skull, 172.
"On the Genesis of Species" by St. George Mivart
There is also a peculiarity about his vertebrae.
"The Boy Hunters" by Captain Mayne Reid
One shudders to think of the probably fatal shock received by the vertebrae of that machine.
"A Labrador Doctor" by Wilfred Thomason Grenfell
Some of the fossil vertebrae were so large and heavy that I hardly had the strength to lift them up.
"Across Unknown South America" by Arnold Henry Savage Landor
The vertebrae, or bones of the neck.
"Cattle and Their Diseases" by Robert Jennings
Now the tail of the lizard is longer than its body, and a continuation of the vertebrae of the back.
"Olla Podrida" by Frederick Marryat (AKA Captain Marryat)
Cut off the flesh in which the tail quills are rooted leaving it on the skin with one or two of the last vertebrae.
"Home Taxidermy for Pleasure and Profit" by Albert B. Farnham
To say that the prognosis of fracture of the body of the vertebra is always serious is to speak very mildly.
"Special Report on Diseases of the Horse" by United States Department of Agriculture
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In poetry:

With a yell that awoke Limehouse
Wun Lung drew his snicker snee
He stabbed Wong-Wong in her em-bong-bong
And sliced Pi Kan¹s vertebrae.
"The Street Of A Thousand Lanterns 1934" by Billy Bennett
We've seen the sparks of Empire fly beyond the mountain bars,
Till, glittering o'er the Western wave, they joined the setting stars;
And ocean trodden into paths that trampling giants ford,
To find the planet's vertebrae and sink its spinal cord.
"Meeting Of The Alumni Of Harvard College" by Oliver Wendell Holmes

In news:

Raymond suffered fractured vertebra in Game 6.
DU's Jesse Martin has a chance meeting with the player whose hit broke his vertebra .
A girl has had pioneering surgery in which bone from her lower leg was used to replace five missing vertebrae in her spine.
Chicago Bears wide receiver Johnny Knox said there's still no timetable for a return to the football field as he continues his rehabilitation from surgery to stabilize a vertebra in his back.
I was receiving therapy and then fell down the basement steps and broke three vertebrae in my back.
According to a report from the Orlando Sentinel, a 31-year-old female cheerleader for the Orlando Magic suffered three fractured vertebrae and a broken rib in a scary fall during a game earlier this week.
NBA Cheerleader Suffers Three Fractured Vertebrae and Broken Rib in Scary Fall.
When we left Judy Adams several weeks ago, she was flat on her back recovering from fractured vertebrae she suffered in a car accident in France on June 5.
"I have a bulging disc on my vertebrae," Hough told Us Weekly while icing his neck.
Karen O'Connor is recovering well following her surgery on Oct 18 to stabilize a vertebra.
Research has shown that given the fragility of the osteoporotic vertebrae, most fractures are caused by the stresses of everyday life (Cummings & Melton 2002.
He DID brake his pelvis, both legs, plus a few of his vertebrae.
Jockey has surgery for fractured vertebrae.
Jockey Luis Jauregui, who fractured one of his lower vertebrae in a Jan 26 racing accident, was discharged from Arcadia Methodist Hospital Jan 30 after a four-day stay.
Jason fractured his vertebrae earlier this month and the accident brought them even closer.
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In science:

Each vertebra includes 3 degrees of freedom, bending around two planes (yaw / pitch) and twisting around its column.
The eel-like robot
The prototype includes 12 vertebrae (36 dof), a rigid head and a passive and flexible tail.
The eel-like robot
Choice of the mechanical architecture From the study of biomimetics, it was decided to build the prototype by stacking 12 vertebrae, each with 3 degrees of freedom of rotation.
The eel-like robot
To accommodate the mechanical parts, the computer and the electronics in the body of the eel, we set the dimensions for each vertebra: focal lengths of 0.18m and 0.13m, height of 0.15m.
The eel-like robot
After analyzing the needs of on-line calculation, the choice is to allocate a micro-controller to two vertebrae.
The eel-like robot
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