ventral

Definitions

  • Ventral aspect of crayfish
    Ventral aspect of crayfish
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj ventral nearest to or facing toward the axis of an organ or organism "the upper side of a leaf is known as the adaxial surface"
    • adj ventral toward or on or near the belly (front of a primate or lower surface of a lower animal) "the ventral aspect of the human body","the liver is somewhat ventral in position","ventral (or pelvic) fins correspond to the hind limbs of a quadruped"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Ventral (Bot) Of or pertaining to that surface of a carpel, petal, etc., which faces toward the center of a flower.
    • Ventral (Bot) Of or pertaining to the lower side or surface of a creeping moss or other low flowerless plant. Opposed to dorsal.
    • Ventral (Anat) Of, pertaining to, or situated near, the belly, or ventral side, of an animal or of one of its parts; hemal; abdominal; as, the ventral fin of a fish; the ventral root of a spinal nerve; -- opposed to dorsal.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • ventral In anatomy and zoology: Of or pertaining to the venter, in any sense; forming a venter; contained in a venter; having a venter; hollowed out like a venter; bellying; abdominal; uterine: as, ventral walls or cavities: ventral viscera; the ventral surface of the ilium or scapula; ventral fins.
    • ventral Placed ventrad in the body; situated on the side or aspect of the body opposite the dorsal or back aspect; anterior or inferior; hemal.
    • ventral In botany, belonging to the anterior surface of anything: as, a ventral suture, which is the line running down the front of a carpel on the side next the axis: the opposite of dorsal
    • n ventral In ichthyology, a ventral fin; one of the posterior or pelvic pair of fins, corresponding to the hind limbs of higher vertebrates, and distinguished from the pectorals: so called irrespective of their actual position: as. ventrals thoracic or jugular. Abbreviated V. or verb
    • n ventral In entomology, one of the segments of the abdomen as seen from beneath, especially in Coleoptera. They are distinguished as first, second, etc., counting backward. See urite, uromere.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Ventral ven′tral belonging to the belly:
    • n Ventral in fishes, one of the posterior fins
    • adj Ventral ven′tral (bot.) denoting the anterior or inferior surface: in the body, situated opposite the dorsal or back aspect
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. ventralis, fr. venter, the belly; perhaps akin to G. wanst,: cf. F. ventral,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. ventralisventer, the belly.

Usage

In literature:

In ventral view the quadrate appears to project laterally, but is incomplete and its shape uncertain.
"A New Order of Fishlike Amphibia From the Pennsylvanian of Kansas" by Theodore H. Eaton
Ventral view of lower mandible of Mourning Dove.
"Jaw Musculature of the Mourning and White-winged Doves" by Robert L. Merz
Its ventral surface was ceiling-ward; its tendrils writhed furiously as it tried to right itself.
"Stamped Caution" by Raymond Zinke Gallun
That it returns to the mouth along the furrow on the ventral surface of the arms.
"The Romance of Natural History, Second Series" by Philip Henry Gosse
Cephalic cartilage wholly ventral.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 6" by Various
The mouth, a longitudinal slit, opens on to the ventral surface of the head.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 7" by Various
The collecting brushes are either on the hind legs or, as in some cases, on the ventral surface of the body.
"Wild Bees, Wasps and Ants" by Edward Saunders
V. N., ventral nerve.
"Journal of Entomology and Zoology" by Various
From the anal to the ventral fins one inch, five lines.
"Lachesis Lapponica" by Carl von Linné
Nearer which surface, the dorsal or ventral?
"A Guide for the Study of Animals" by Worrallo Whitney
The mouths are large and directed ventrally.
"A Review of the Middle American Tree Frogs of the Genus Ptychohyla" by William E. Duellman
It is snake-shaped, devoid of ventral fins, and the minute scales are embedded in the slimy skin.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia" by Various
Only in a few cases is the neck continuously covered by the fusion of the dorsal and ventral tracts, e.g.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 10, Slice 2" by Various
The ventral surface is smooth.
"Freshwater Sponges, Hydroids & Polyzoa" by Nelson Annandale
However there are two small ventral ganglionic branches or small ganglia attached to the ventral side of the cerebral mass.
"Journal of Entomology and Zoology" by Horace Gunthorp
NE Anchorage, Alaska, ventral view.
"The Baculum in Microtine Rodents" by Sydney Anderson
The male organ is situated in front of the ventral pore.
"A Treatise on Sheep:" by Ambrose Blacklock
Ventral scales of 34 males averaged 134.4 (128 to 139), and those of 48 females 133.5 (128 to 137).
"Natural History of Cottonmouth Moccasin, Agkistrodon piscovorus (Reptilia)" by Ray D. Burkett
There is a moderate amount of yolk, but this does not form a large ventral bulge.
"Amphibians and Reptiles of the Rainforests of Southern El Peten, Guatemala" by William E. Duellman
Color: Slightly darker on upper parts, but with greater extension of white on ventral surface.
"The Pocket Gophers (Genus Thomomys) of Utah, Vol. 1 No. 1" by Stephen D. Durrant
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In poetry:

They scorned the ventral dream of peace,
Unknown in nature. This they knew:
That life begets with fair increase
Beyond the flesh, if life be true.
"The Thrush In February" by George Meredith

In news:

Value, pleasure and choice in the ventral prefrontal cortex.
The vertebral bodies proximate ventrally and separate dorsally.
Innovative Endomechanical Device Facilitates Insertion , Deployment and Placement of Mesh in Laparoscopic Ventral Hernia Repair.
Makos have striking coloring, with a deep purple to indigo blue back and fin surfaces, light-blue silvery sides and white ventral surfaces.
There were very bright in color and had a black stripe going all the way from their dorsal fin to their ventral one.
As the ventral urethral meati was wider in caliber as compared to the dorsal, an infant feeding tube was passed through the dorsal urethral meatus and an adaptor was attached to the ventral urethral meatus.
Innovative Endomechanical Device Facilitates Insertion, Deployment and Placement of Mesh in Laparoscopic Ventral Hernia Repair.
However, umbilical, ventral, and hiatal hernias also occur.
But the ventral route is not the only way to read .
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In science:

AVA and AVD are ventral cord command interneurons.
Topological Generalizations of network motifs
This circuit is governed by two ventral-cord command interneurons AVD and AVA [41, 42].
Topological Generalizations of network motifs
In nature, there is only one degree of freedom between each vertebra because the motion control of the vertebrae is coupled with the motion of the dorsal and ventral fin. These two fins being not easily reproducible, we will give to each vertebra more mobility to account problems of rolling, for example.
Kinematic Analysis of the vertebra of an eel like robot
The spiral gynandromorph (when the dorsal D and ventral V sections of the organism are inter folded) in Fig. 2d is a theoretical possibility I have added the category of spiral gynandromorphs . .
A Developmental Network Theory of Gynandromorphs, Sexual Dimorphism and Species Formation
The gynandromorphs are only two layers deep (dorsal and ventral) and have three anterior to posterior segments (head, midsection, tail).
A Developmental Network Theory of Gynandromorphs, Sexual Dimorphism and Species Formation
Fig.7d is a spiral-oblique gynandromorph where male and female sections interlock between ventral and dorsal sides.
A Developmental Network Theory of Gynandromorphs, Sexual Dimorphism and Species Formation
Each has possibly different ventral (front) and dorsal (back) sides.
A Developmental Network Theory of Gynandromorphs, Sexual Dimorphism and Species Formation
B. altithorax ilium, though not pronounced, extends further ventrally than that of B.
Aspects of the history, anatomy, taxonomy and palaeobiology of sauropod dinosaurs
We therefore reject the ventral bracing hypothesis.
Aspects of the history, anatomy, taxonomy and palaeobiology of sauropod dinosaurs
In the supine position, a midline ventral incision was made in the neck.
Time course of oxidative damage in different brain regions following transient cerebral ischemia in gerbils
Briefly, the right common carotid artery (CCA) was exposed by a ventral midline neck incision and ligated with a 3-0 silk suture.
Effects of pyruvate administration on infarct volume and neurological deficits following permanent focal cerebral ischemia in rats
Transformation of shape information in the ventral pathway.
Streaming an image through the eye: The retina seen as a dithered scalable image coder
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