• WordNet 3.6
    • v varnish cover with varnish
    • n varnish a coating that provides a hard, lustrous, transparent finish to a surface
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Varnish A viscid liquid, consisting of a solution of resinous matter in an oil or a volatile liquid, laid on work with a brush, or otherwise. When applied the varnish soon dries, either by evaporation or chemical action, and the resinous part forms thus a smooth, hard surface, with a beautiful gloss, capable of resisting, to a greater or less degree, the influences of air and moisture.
    • Varnish An artificial covering to give a fair appearance to any act or conduct; outside show; gloss. "And set a double varnish on the fame
      The Frenchman gave you."
    • Varnish That which resembles varnish, either naturally or artificially; a glossy appearance. "The varnish of the holly and ivy."
    • Varnish To cover or conceal with something that gives a fair appearance; to give a fair coloring to by words; to gloss over; to palliate; as, to varnish guilt. "Beauty doth varnish age.""Close ambition, varnished o'er with zeal.""Cato's voice was ne'er employed
      To clear the guilty and to varnish crimes."
    • Varnish To lay varnish on; to cover with a liquid which produces, when dry, a hard, glossy surface; as, to varnish a table; to varnish a painting.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n varnish In etching, any resinous coating used to cover parts of the plate which have become exposed: to be distinguished from the ground, which is the original coating applied to the entire plate.
    • n varnish A solution of resinous matter, forming a clear limpid fluid capable of hardening without losing its transparency: used by painters, gilders, cabinet-makers, and others for coating over the surface of their work in order to give it a shining, transparent, and hard surface, capable of resisting in a greater or less degree the influences of air and moisture. The resinous substances most commonly employed for varnishes are amber, anime, copal, mastic, rosin, sandarac, and shellac, which may be colored with arnotto, asphalt, gamboge, saffron, turmeric, or dragon's-blood. The solvents are fixed or volatile oils or mixtures of them (as linseed-oil or spirits of turpentine), and concentrated alcohol or methylated spirits; hence the varnishes are divided into two classes, oil-varnishes and spirit-varnishes.
    • n varnish That which resembles varnish, either naturally or artificially: a glossy or lustrous appearance.
    • n varnish An artificial covering to give a fair appearance to any act or conduct; outside show; gloss; palliation; “whitewash.”
    • n varnish In ceramics, the glaze of pottery or porcelain.
    • varnish To lay varnish on for the purpose of decorating or protecting the surface. See varnish, n., 1.
    • varnish To cover with something that gives a fair external appearance; give an improved appearance to.
    • varnish To give an attractive external appearance to by rhetoric; give a fair coloring to; gloss over; palliate: as, to varnish errors or deformity.
    • varnish To apply varnish, in a general sense.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Varnish vär′nish to cover with a liquid so as to give a glossy surface to: to give a fair appearance to
    • n Varnish a sticky liquid which dries and forms a hard, lustrous coating: a glossy, lustrous appearance: any gloss or palliation
    • ***


  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    “Culture is one thing and varnish is another.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. vernish, F. vernis, LL. vernicium,; akin to F. vernir, to varnish, fr. (assumed) LL. vitrinire, to glaze, from LL. vitrinus, glassy, fr. L. vitrum, glass. See Vitreous


In literature:

These rods are covered with an insulating varnish from their origin to above the point where they issue from the liquid.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 598, June 18, 1887" by Various
All was strong and barren, and only about the varnished staircase was there any sign of comfort.
"A Mere Accident" by George Moore
The latter might be varnished to prevent slipping.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 481, March 21, 1885" by Various
It is very small, and contains no other furniture than the bed, and some varnished chests in which they keep their apparel.
"Illustrated History of Furniture" by Frederick Litchfield
The hard varnished bedstead (the mattress felt as if it were varnished) nearly filled the little room.
"A Bicycle of Cathay" by Frank R. Stockton
In the center rose a rod at whose end a varnished ace of hearts swayed.
"Against The Grain" by Joris-Karl Huysmans
It is then to be exposed to the light for an hour, after, which the varnish may be removed by oil of turpentine.
"The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction, Vol. 10, No. 287, December 15, 1827" by Various
This moving house was always varnished and washed afresh.
"The Man Who Laughs" by Victor Hugo
After two or three days, varnish with the best picture-varnish.
"The Lady's Album of Fancy Work for 1850" by Unknown
The pavements had a kind of yellowish-brown varnish.
"The Roll-Call" by Arnold Bennett
I had them altered and made so as to take a case about four feet long, which I made out of pine, richly stained and varnished.
"History of the American Clock Business for the Past Sixty Years, and Life of Chauncey Jerome" by Chauncey Jerome
The first time that he came he had varnished boots.
"Library of the World's Best Mystery and Detective Stories" by Edited by Julian Hawthorne
And everything reeked of varnish.
"A Diversity of Creatures" by Rudyard Kipling
These planks are prettily varnished, with gilded rails, which give the boat a gay look.
"Lippincott's Magazine of Popular Literature and Science" by Various
He had it varnished, and it looked splendid.
"Hills and the Sea" by H. Belloc
Varnish, not containing spirits.
"A Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents, Volume IX." by Benjamin Harrison
It takes three months to varnish and polish the case of a piano.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 20, No. 117, July, 1867." by Various
The kettle in which the varnish is made should be of a capacity to hold double the quantity of varnish to be boiled.
"Ordnance Instructions for the United States Navy." by Bureau of Ordnance, USN
The dust should be whipped off, and not rubbed into the varnish.
"The Handy Cyclopedia of Things Worth Knowing" by Joseph Triemens
This must be applied when cold with a brush to the timbers: allowed to get dry, then size and varnish it.
"Notes and Queries, Number 188, June 4, 1853" by Various

In poetry:

That name's disgrac'd in parish-books,
Once lovely to my view,
While mine a little brighter looks,
Varnish'd with E.s.q.
"Mutation" by William Hutton
As we drove away through the shadow,
The candle she held in the door
From rain-varnished tree-trunk to tree-trunk
Flashed fainter, and flashed no more;--
"An Ember Picture" by James Russell Lowell
I will have a wheelchair ‘full of soft scents’
That a well-groomed valet will slowly push
A sweet sun will varnish my last hours,
This winter, on the Promenade des Anglais...
"Cote D’Azur — Nice" by Henry Jean-Marie Levet
That no man's feelings ever lead him wrong:
And thus I went, as on the varnish'd ice,
The smooth career of unbelief and vice.
Oft would the youths, with sprightly speech and
"The Poor Of The Borough. Letter XXI: Abel Keene" by George Crabbe
True merit still our praise extorts,
Whether in cottages, or courts;
Whether it gilds the rich brocade,
Or humbly lurks in freeze, or plaid:
While the vain pomp, which crouds adore,
Is only folly, varnish'd o'er.
"To A Young Lady" by Samuel Bowden
They are scared half out of their wits, poor souls.
For my lord has a casket full of rolls
Of minted sovereigns, and silver bars.
I laugh to think how he'll show his scars
In London to-morrow. He whines with rage
In his varnished cage.
"The Exeter Road" by Amy Lowell

In news:

The varnish underneath the skin should be just fine.
Free fluoride varnish for kids.
0The Marquette County Health Department provides free fluoride varnish treatment for kids in their WIC and MIHP programs.
Varnish makers and paint grade information products from ICIS.
In the Getting Started in Boats supplement in WB No 229, we presented basic instructions on varnishing .
The Nice Legs at the Varnish .
Using a less expensive varnish for the build-up coats is optional for gloss varnish .
It is useful to think of varnishing as a similar two-step process.
With varnish we don't use the term primer, but we could.
The Varnish isn't the obscurest of bars.
Resources on fluoride varnish and schoolchildren's oral health are now available from the OHRC.
It's springtime, and chances are that if your sailboat was hauled last fall, you're facing at least one painting or varnishing project before it goes back in the water.
Paint the silhouette black, then spray the pumpkin with varnish to set the paint .
Use a water-based varnish to seal the paint if you like.
Wanted-Port-a- potty , Stain or Varnish.

In science:

In this paper we are mainly concerned with the case that m → ∞, i.e. the size of the squer is varnishingly small.
On the Asymptotic Connectivity of Random Networks under the Random Connection Model
It is fixed to the cold finger and is therefore at the same temperature as the cold finger, i.e. at the temperature of the nitrogen bath. A heater wire, controlled by the temperature controller, is wrapped tightly around and varnished onto the neck below the mounting point for the thermal shield.
The random-field specific heat critical behavior at high magnetic concentration: Fe(0.93)Zn(0.07)F2
The sample is mounted on a thin sapphire plate using GE7031 varnish along with a small Stablohm 800 wire heater.
The random-field specific heat critical behavior at high magnetic concentration: Fe(0.93)Zn(0.07)F2
An unshielded carbon thermometer is attached with varnish to the sample and is connected using a four-wire technique to a current ratio transformer bridge.
The random-field specific heat critical behavior at high magnetic concentration: Fe(0.93)Zn(0.07)F2
The specific heat of the thermometer, the sapphire plate, the varnish and the wires is then measured at H = 0.
The random-field specific heat critical behavior at high magnetic concentration: Fe(0.93)Zn(0.07)F2
At the end of the experiment, the sample thermometer was mounted onto the sample chamber by GE7031 varnish.
The random-field specific heat critical behavior at high magnetic concentration: Fe(0.93)Zn(0.07)F2
The samples were mostly attached to a Si substrate using a small amount of Varnish or a mixture of Varnish with ultra-pure graphite powder.
Induced Magnetic Order by Ion Irradiation of Carbon-Based Structures
The samples were glued with varnish (or a mixture of varnish and a high purity graphite powder to increase the thermal coupling) on a high-purity Si substrate and the magnetic moment of the whole ensemble as well as of the Si substrate alone was measured.
Induced Magnetic Order by Ion Irradiation of Carbon-Based Structures
The aluminised side of the mylar is protected with special varnish, which prevents destruction of the reflecting layer and diffusion of aluminium atoms into the glass.
The COMPASS Experiment at CERN
Further supporting evidence includes the possible presence, on some of the Martian rocks, of desert varnish, a coating which on Earth is of microbial origin or contains products generated by microorganisms - an observation originally made by Viking on which several recent articles have rekindled interest.
Analysis of evidence of Mars life
For some of the optical tests, we use an additional 2mm-thick carbon-loaded PTFE sheet to reduce in-band millimeter wave loading on the detectors. A λ/4 quartz plate is glued (GE varnish) onto the silicon entry surface as the anti-reflection coating.
Antenna-coupled TES bolometer arrays for CMB polarimetry
For contact manufacturing planar side is covered by chemical resistant varnish with followed opening of the substrate peripheral region.
Technology for Production of Ultra-Thin Crystal Silicon Membranes
As in Ref. , it was glued on a high purity Si substrate with varnish.
Proton-induced magnetic order in carbon: SQUID measurements
It was glued with varnish on the middle of a 13.5 cm long pure quartz rod.
Proton-induced magnetic order in carbon: SQUID measurements
As temperature increases, the quasiparticles varnish gradually.
The cuprate superconductors: a phenomenological overlook