• WordNet 3.6
    • n valerian a plant of the genus Valeriana having lobed or dissected leaves and cymose white or pink flowers
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Valerian (Bot) Any plant of the genus Valeriana. The root of the officinal valerian (Valeriana officinalis) has a strong smell, and is much used in medicine as an antispasmodic.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n valerian A plant of the genus Valeriana. The common, officinal, or great wild valerian is V. officinalis, native through Europe and Asiatic Russia, cultivated for its medicinal root and somewhat for ornament. It is a herbaceous plant with a perennial rootstock; the stem is erect, from 2 to 4 feet high, and furrowed; the leaves are opposite and pinnate; and the flowers are small, white or pinkish, in terminal corymbs. The root is an officinal drug having the property of a gentle stimulant, with an especial direction to the nerves, applied in hysteria, epilepsy, etc. Its virtue resides chiefly in a volatile oil—the oil of valerian. It is of a pungent disagreeable odor, which is attractive to cats, and also, it is said, to rats; it is therefore used as a bait. In England in the sixteenth century, valerian, under the name of setwall, was regarded as a panacea; but the species appears to have been V. Pyrenaica, a plant there cultivated, and naturalized from Spain. V. Phu from western Asia, called garden valerian, is also cultivated, and affords a root of weaker property. V. Dioscoridis is believed to be the true valerian or phu (φου%26) of the ancient Greeks. There are three species of valerian in North America, the most notable being V. edulis. edible valerian, whose thickened roots, after prolonged cooking in the ground, formerly formed a staple food of the Digger Indians.
    • n valerian The rootstocks of the officinal valerian, or some preparation from them.
    • valerian Pertaining to any one of the name of Valerius
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Valerian va-lē′ri-an the plant all-heal, the root of which is used in medicine
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
LL. valeriana, perhaps from some person named Valerius, or fr. L. valere, to be strong. powerful, on account of its medicinal virtues: cf. F. valériane,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr.,—L. valēre, to be strong.


In literature:

Decius was killed in battle with the Goths, Valerian captured by the Persians.
"The Arian Controversy" by H. M. Gwatkin
Valerian is an effective remedy in cases of nervousness and restlessness.
"The People's Common Sense Medical Adviser in Plain English" by R. V. Pierce
Sons of Valerian to be detained in Rome 238 7.
"The Letters of Cassiodorus" by Cassiodorus (AKA Magnus Aurelius Cassiodorus Senator)
This would be a good time to work that valerian dodge.
"The Terrible Twins" by Edgar Jepson
And Valerian acted accordingly.
"Procopius" by Procopius
"Notes and Queries, Number 180, April 9, 1853" by Various
Valerian was her brother's baptismal name, and it was about his absence she was anxious.
"The Lone Ranche" by Captain Mayne Reid
I suggest that you should go to bed and take a stiff dose of valerian to sooth those shaky nerves of yours.
"The Bishop's Secret" by Fergus Hume
Fluid extract American valerian, 1 ounce.
"Searchlights on Health: Light on Dark Corners" by B.G. Jefferis
That is the house of the Valerians, the greatest enemies of the people of Edom.
"A Struggle for Rome, Vol. 2 (of 3)" by Felix Dahn
Persecution by Valerian 29 258.
"Sketches of Church History" by James Craigie Robertson
Sonnenkamp went to the door; he opened it; there stood the Russian Prince Valerian.
"Villa Eden:" by Berthold Auerbach
There, too, the crimson valerian.
"Thereby Hangs a Tale" by George Manville Fenn
I have seen asthmatic tendencies in young women greatly relieved by the use of valerian.
"Psychotherapy" by James J. Walsh
As soon as Cecilia was old enough, it was arranged that she should marry a young Roman noble called Valerian, and this made her very unhappy.
"In God's Garden" by Amy Steedman
The artillery of the Invalides and of Mont Valerian boomed out a farewell salute.
"Victor Hugo: His Life and Works" by G. Barnett Smith
From the year in which the Saxons came into Britain, and were received by Vortigern, to the time of Decius and Valerian, are sixty-nine years.
"Old English Chronicles" by Various
Thoroughwort or valerian, 2 ounces.
"The American Reformed Cattle Doctor" by George Dadd
I take them drops, hartshorn and valerian, on a little water, when I feel nervous like.
"Checkmate" by Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu
Moreover, the greatest and most general persecutions, those of Decius, Gallus, Valerian, and Diocletian, came after this.
"Church and State as Seen in the Formation of Christendom" by T. W. Allies

In poetry:

Within the broken Vatican
The murdered Pope is lying dead.
The soldiers of Valerian
Their evil hands are wet and red.
"St. Laurence" by Alfred Joyce Kilmer

In news:

If you're trying to track down comfrey to soothe a bruise or valerian and dandelion root to combat an attack of the PMS Avenger, SW Herb Shop in Mesa has the herb you need.
Simmer is low in calories and contains 11 functional ingredients, including passionflower, hops and valerian root.
Luc Besson to write-direct ' Valerian ' adaptation.
Marley's Mellow Mood contains valerian root and chamomile and is promoted to reduce stress.
This loose leaf tea combines all natural ingredients including chamomile, passionflower, oatstraw and valerian root.
Valerian Butler Smith III on the write way.
Letter writing today seems to be a dying communication and art form, but not for investment banker Valerian Butler Smith III.
Marley's Mellow Mood Lite: Half Lemonade, Half Tea is sourced from such ingredients as chamomile, valerian root, lemon balm, hops, passionflower and melatonin.
New drinks that tout natural ingredients like melatonin and valerian may not help you chill out.