vaccination

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n vaccination taking a vaccine as a precaution against contracting a disease
    • n vaccination the scar left following inoculation with a vaccine
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The word vaccine comes from the Latin word "vacca," which means cow. This name was chosen beacause the first vaccination was derived from cowpox which was given to a boy
    • Vaccination Any inoculation intended to raise immunity to a disease.
    • Vaccination The act, art, or practice of vaccinating, or inoculating with the cowpox, in order to prevent or mitigate an attack of smallpox. Cf. Inoculation.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Dr. Maurice R. Hilleman is considered to be the godfather of the modern vaccine era. Having created nearly three dozen vaccines - more than any other scientist, Hilleman is also credited with saving more lives than any other scientist. Probably best known for his preventive vaccine for mumps, Hilleman has also developed vaccines for measles, rubella, chicken pox, bacterial meningitis, flu and hepatitis B.
    • n vaccination In medicine, inoculation with vaccine, or the virus of cowpox, as a preventive of smallpox; in an extended sense, inoculation with the virus of any specific disease. The utility of vaccination with the virus of cowpox was discovered by Edward Jenner, an English surgeon, in the latter part of the eighteenth century, the first vaccination upon the human subject having been made in 1796. It consists in the introduction under the skin, or application to an abraded surface, usually on the upper arm or thigh, of a minute quantity of vaccine. This is followed, in a typical case, in about two days, by slight redness and swelling at the point of inoculation, and on the third or fourth day by the appearance of a vesicle tilled with clear fluid, and umbilicated or depressed in the center. About the end of the eighth day a ring of inflammation, called the areola, begins to form around the base of the vesicle; it is usually hard, swollen, and painful. On the eleventh or twelfth day the inflammation begins to subside; the vesicle turns yellow, and then dries up and forms a crust or scab, which usually falls off about the end of the third week, leaving a permanent scar. The appearance of the areola is sometimes attended with rather severe constitutional disturbance, such as fever, headache, loss of appetite, swelling of the glands above the part, and a general feeling of malaise. The appearance of this eruption, more or less modified from rubbing of the clothes or from scratching, is the only certain evidence that vaccination has been successful, or has taken. See also vaccine and vaccinia.
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Quotations

  • Samuel Butler
    Samuel%20Butler
    “Vaccination is the medical sacrament corresponding to baptism.”

Usage

In literature:

Have you been vaccinated?
"The Child's Day" by Woods Hutchinson
The next camp had an epidemic of measles, and in the next, ten miles away, Miss Pinkerton vaccinated ten children.
"Across the Fruited Plain" by Florence Crannell Means
The most valuable lesson we have learned from you is typhus vaccination.
"The New York Times Current History: the European War, February, 1915" by Various
Julius Caesar reached his terminus and died, aged fifty-six, from compulsory vaccination.
"Little Journeys To The Homes Of Great Teachers" by Elbert Hubbard
Also to have everyone of their family vaccinated.
"Health Work in the Public Schools" by Leonard P. Ayres and May Ayres
The Pasteur Institute was devoted entirely to putting up the various sera, vaccines and other material required by the army in the field.
"On the Fringe of the Great Fight" by George G. Nasmith
We were, and the boy too, all three, vaccinated from the same child yesterday!
"The Letters of Queen Victoria, Volume 1 (of 3), 1837-1843)" by Queen Victoria
Do you intend to vaccinate the chestnut and make it immune and then expect it to transmit that immunity in its seed?
"Northern Nut Growers Report of the Proceedings at the Twenty-First Annual Meeting" by Northern Nut Growers Association
Vaccination, Wallace on, xii, 393.
"Little Journeys to the Homes of the Great - Volume 14" by Elbert Hubbard
It seemed to be as common as vaccination.
"Gigolo" by Edna Ferber
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In poetry:

Oh, that land of plague and pestilence
Where the natives die in shoals
And they have to vaccinate them
Till their torsos' filled with holes.
"Mandalay 1" by Billy Bennett
“Those wedding bells shall not ring out!”
She cried - all agitated
“For her name is not Dick Whittington
And she hasn’t been vaccinated.”
"The Wedding That Never Was" by Billy Bennett

In news:

Emergent BioSolutions Secures $8.43M to Test Anthrax Vaccine in Postexposure Setting.
No anthrax vaccine testing on children — for now.
Gov't Considers Testing Anthrax Vaccine In Kids.
Gov't Considers Testing Anthrax Vaccine in Kids.
US to Order Anthrax Vaccine Government Also Wants Treatment, Adviser Says.
A federal judge Monday ordered the Defense Department to stop administering anthrax vaccinations to US troops without their consent.
Vaccinations should continue through winter.
Danger in skipping chickenpox vaccine.
The success of vaccine makes it harder for officials to track disease, so every student case must be reported.
The Vaccines' new LP might be named The Vaccines Come of Age, but don't expect a more grownup sound from the band.
The Vaccines -- ' Come of Age ' (Columbia) -- 3 1/2 stars.
The Vaccines, 'The Vaccines Come of Age '.
An inspection of the federal Vaccines for Children (VFC) Program finds some vaccines may be compromised .
Label claims don't allow that option unless the cow was vaccinated with an MLV vaccine.
Some Iowa parents have chosen not to get their children vaccinated because of concerns about vaccination safety.
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In science:

Then, we vaccinate some nodes with degree kcut − 1 such that the total fraction of V nodes is equal to f .
Robustness of networks against propagating attacks under vaccination strategies
Therefore, any leaky vaccination (i.e., fv > 0) fails to contain the attack ′ (1) diverges.
Robustness of networks against propagating attacks under vaccination strategies
We also remark that, for fv = 1, the value of Tc2 coincides with that for case (ii) as expected; the effect of vaccination is completely null when fv = 1.
Robustness of networks against propagating attacks under vaccination strategies
When the vaccines are not efficient (i.e., fv ∼ 1), the network is the most robust for case (i) among the three cases in the sense that Tc2 is the largest.
Robustness of networks against propagating attacks under vaccination strategies
The network is the most fragile for case (ii) except for fairly small fv and f , in which case the residual network mainly composed of vaccinated nodes can percolate on the SF network and not on the random graph.
Robustness of networks against propagating attacks under vaccination strategies
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