utilitarianism

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n utilitarianism doctrine that the useful is the good; especially as elaborated by Jeremy Bentham and James Mill; the aim was said to be the greatest happiness for the greatest number
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Utilitarianism The doctrine that the greatest happiness of the greatest number should be the end and aim of all social and political institutions.
    • Utilitarianism The doctrine that utility is the sole standard of morality, so that the rectitude of an action is determined by its usefulness.
    • Utilitarianism The doctrine that virtue is founded in utility, or that virtue is defined and enforced by its tendency to promote the highest happiness of the universe.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n utilitarianism The doctrine that the greatest happiness of the greatest number should be the sole aim of all public action, together with the hedonistic theory of ethics, upon which this doctrine rests. Utilitarianism originated with the marquis Cesare Bonesana Beccaria (1735-93), but its great master was Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832). He held that the sole possible rational motive is the expectation of pleasure, as measured by the intensity, propinquity, and duration of the pleasure, and the strength of the expectation. Utilitarian ethics, however, does not insist that such considerations need or ought to determine action in special cases, but only that the rules of morals should be founded upon them. These views greatly, and advantageously, influenced ethical thought and legislation in France, England, and the United States.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • ns Utilitarianism the ethical theory which finds the basis of moral distinctions in the utility of actions, i.e. their fitness to produce happiness
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Usage

In literature:

Absurdity of utilitarian principle of, 468.
"Critical and Historical Essays, Volume III (of 3)" by Thomas Babington Macaulay
The great hall, with its glorious beams, was too much for the utilitarian.
"Highways and Byways in Surrey" by Eric Parker
BUTTONHOLE is more useful in ornament than one might expect a stitch with such a very utilitarian name to be.
"Art in Needlework" by Lewis F. Day
Its spirit was absorbed, as we shall see, by many of the Utilitarians.
"Liberalism" by L. T. Hobhouse
But utilitarian questioning and scientific answering turned all this tranquil optimism into the blackest pessimism.
"British Socialism" by J. Ellis Barker
As the child develops, paper construction loses its charm, and a desire for something utilitarian arises.
"Construction Work for Rural and Elementary Schools" by Virginia McGaw
He was no dreamer, but a utilitarian.
"A Man to His Mate" by J. Allan Dunn
The education system in New Zealand is constructed upon the utilitarian basis.
"A Plea for the Criminal" by James Leslie Allan Kayll
They fell into the fallacy of which I have spoken; and many radicals, utilitarians, and others have followed them.
"Social Rights and Duties, Volume I (of 2)" by Sir Leslie Stephen
His ethical doctrines seem to have inclined to utilitarianism.
"The Life of Sir James Fitzjames Stephen, Bart., K.C.S.I." by Sir Leslie Stephen
It would be a pity if utilitarian axe and fire were to spoil the beauty of Te Puke Tapu.
"Brighter Britain! (Volume 1 of 2)" by William Delisle Hay
Now Jim, with rude utilitarian ideas, was going to drive the geese away.
"Partners of the Out-Trail" by Harold Bindloss
The architecture of the city was not altogether utilitarian and it was not unpleasing.
"Stamped Caution" by Raymond Zinke Gallun
Others in England and America turned to a utilitarian-analytical theory.
"An Introduction to the Philosophy of Law" by Roscoe Pound
Nothing was purely utilitarian, for life was not sordid.
"Roman Women" by Alfred Brittain
The owl-like logic-chopper, from his mechanical and utilitarian standpoint, sees not the Divine vision.
"Thomas Carlyle" by Hector Carsewell Macpherson
I detest anything utilitarian.
"The Heritage of the Hills" by Arthur P. Hankins
At Eskilstuna he started a Utilitarian Society in '88, of which he is president.
"A Biographical Dictionary of Freethinkers of All Ages and Nations" by Joseph Mazzini Wheeler
This is more than a Utilitarianism, a preference of the useful over the beautiful.
"Speeches, Addresses, and Occasional Sermons, Volume 2 (of 3)" by Theodore Parker
With an eye to Barbara's future needs, Emma had packed the wedding dress and a few other items which could not be classed as utilitarian.
"The Lost Wagon" by James Arthur Kjelgaard
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In poetry:

Rugged type of primal man,
Grim utilitarian,
Loving woods for hunt and prowl,
Lake and hill for fish and fowl,
As the brown bear blind and dull
To the grand and beautiful:
"The Grave" by John Greenleaf Whittier

In news:

Utilitarian ancestry is readily apparent in our bench.
Utilitarian Uses Of Love 02.
When you're running from the office to errands and back, you'll appreciate the sporty flair of this utilitarian style favored by Claudia Schiffer and Miranda Kerr.
As many SUVs have evolved into what some folks call crossovers, they have also morphed from utilitarian, truck-like vehicles into more luxurious ones.
Use it for a few minutes and the utilitarian inbox you had before will become the silliest thing you've ever used.
Ateliers Pro Arts, which has artist studios, is an airy and utilitarian gallery.
Hamilton, who is a costume designer, tries in this show to separate clothes from their utilitarian function and consider them as objects that have attributes, even beauty, of their own.
Ryan Zagata, pictured, got the idea to start a bike company after seeing utilitarian bikes in Vietnam stacked 15-feet high with hay.
There's a no-nonsense utilitarian air here: The decor is limited to big mirrors, big tables, and a couple of big-screen TVs in a big, bland room.
Either keep it bare for a utilitarian look or cover it with a piece of fabric for something softer.
From a utilitarian standpoint (the greatest good for the greatest number), having sanctioned wolf hunts is ethically acceptable.
The utilitarian, 44-year-old building was designed for another era in air travel, one without long security lines and with in-flight dining.
Noah Berlatsky edits the online comics and culture website the Hooded Utilitarian.
Architect Lloyd Russell's design for this desert getaway passively mitigates the elements with a utilitarian solution, turning a modest modern retreat into a hardy, region-appropriate home.
Both foreign and domestic trucks have long since passed the point where they're simply utilitarian devices.
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In science:

It would be very utilitarian if aspects of such scattering were indeed well approximated by a simple convenient functional form.
A simple functional form for proton-${}^{208}$Pb total reaction cross sections
Since we do not have the experimental data for all necessary nuclei at all different energies it would be utilitarian if such scattering data were well approximated by a simple convenient function form with which predictions could be made for cases of energies and/or masses as yet to be measured.
Simple functional forms for total cross sections from neutron-nucleus collisions
As with HTML, the basic building blocks can be combined in a variety of ways to create data sets as utilitarian or richly formatted as the user desires.
Sky in Google Earth: The Next Frontier in Astronomical Data Discovery and Visualization
Our view of local times in these notes is purely utilitarian: even though they deserve much study in themselves, we will only stick to what we strictly need here.
Recent progress in coalescent theory
Mikalef, P., Giannakos, M., & Pateli, A. (2012). Exploring the Business Potential of Social Media: An Utilitarian and Hedonic Motivation Approach. Proceedings of the 25th Bled e-Conference, Bled, Slovenia.
In the Face (book) of Social Learning
Since we do not have the experimental data for all necessary nuclei at all different energies it would be utilitarian if such scattering data were well approximated by a simple convenient function form with which predictions could be made for cases of energies and/or masses as yet to be measured.
Predicting total and total reaction cross sections using a simple functional form
This idea must not be misunderstood in a utilitarian sense.
Elementary Considerations on the Interpretation of the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics
The traditional utilitarian approach has been to sub ject pseudorandom number sequences to tests, which derive from mathematical statistics .
A Comparative Study of Some Pseudorandom Number Generators
It would be very utilitarian if aspects of such scattering were well approximated by a simple convenient functional form.
Predicting proton-nucleus total reaction cross sections up to 300 MeV using a simple functional form
The concept of utility dates back to the XVIII-th and XIX-th century utilitarian’s economy and its eminent representative Jeremy Bentham.
Equation of state for agents on graphs
The resulting mass consensus everyday working worldview is perfect. It is perfect in the same sense that mass markets are perfect. It is perfect not in the universal philosophical sense but rather in the utilitarian practical sense. It is perfect in the sense of being engineering and econom ic optimal.
Ten Incredibly Dangerous Software Ideas
We consider mechanisms for utilitarian combinatorial allocation problems, where agents are not assumed to be single-minded.
Price of Anarchy for Greedy Auctions
Approximation techniques for utilitarian mechanism design.
Price of Anarchy for Greedy Auctions
Approximation techniques for utilitarian mechanism design.
An Impossibility Result for Truthful Combinatorial Auctions with Submodular Valuations
Approximation techniques for utilitarian mechanism design.
Secondary Spectrum Auctions for Symmetric and Submodular Bidders
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