• WordNet 3.6
    • adj upper higher in place or position "the upper bunk","in the upper center of the picture","the upper stories"
    • adj upper superior in rank or accomplishment "the upper half of the class"
    • adj upper the topmost one of two
    • n upper a central nervous system stimulant that increases energy and decreases appetite; used to treat narcolepsy and some forms of depression
    • n upper piece of leather or synthetic material that forms the part of a shoe or boot above the sole that encases the foot "Uppers come in many styles"
    • n upper the higher of two berths
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Table Construction: Upper Drawer Rail of Table Dovetailed into Left Front Leg Table Construction: Upper Drawer Rail of Table Dovetailed into Left Front Leg
Map of Canada--Upper and Lower Map of Canada--Upper and Lower
Old Market Square, Upper Town Old Market Square, Upper Town
Jamestown exploration trenches of 1955 from the air. Landmarks are the “old cypress” in the river, upper left, the tercentenary monument, and the standing ruin of the 18th-century Ambler house Jamestown exploration trenches of 1955 from the air. Landmarks are the “old cypress” in the river, upper left, the...
Finishing the upper Finishing the upper
Placing the upper over the last Placing the upper over the last

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Goats do not have upper front teeth
    • a Upper Being further up, literally or figuratively; higher in place, position, rank, dignity, or the like; superior; as, the upper lip; the upper side of a thing; the upper house of a legislature.
    • n Upper The upper leather for a shoe; a vamp.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Sharks have upper and lower eyelids, but they do not blink
    • upper Higher in place: opposed to nether: as, the upper lip; the upper side of a thing; an upper story; the upper deck.
    • upper Superior in rank or dignity: as, the upper house of a legislature; an upper servant.
    • upper Vamps and quarters of boots and shoes collectively. Also called simply uppers.
    • n upper The upper part of a shoe or boot, comprising the vamp and quarters.
    • n upper plural Separate cloth gaiters to button above the shoes over the ankle.
    • upper Higher.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The word "vamp" is used to describe the upper front top of a shoe
    • adj Upper up′ėr (comp. of up) farther up: higher in position, dignity, &c.: superior
    • ns Upper the part of a boot or shoe above the sole and welt
    • adv Upper in the highest place, first
    • ***


  • Arthur Schopenhauer
    “People of Wealth and the so called upper class suffer the most from boredom.”
  • Oliver Wendell Holmes
    “Science is a first-rate piece of furniture for a man's upper chamber, if it has common sense on the ground floor.”
  • Laurence J. Peter
    “Men now monopolize the upper levels depriving women of their rightful share of opportunities for incompetence.”
  • Edgar Watson Howe
    “The underdog often starts the fight, and occasionally the upper dog deserves to win.”
  • Ayn Rand
    “Upper classes are a nation's past, the middle class its future.”


Stiff upper lip - (UK) If you keep your emotions to yourself and don't let others know how you feel when something bad happens, you keep a stiff upper lip.
Upper crust - The upper crust are the upper classes and the establishment.
Upper hand - If you have the upper hand, you have the advantage.


In literature:

If you are ten or eleven years old, you should have twelve good teeth in the upper jaw and the same number below.
"Health Lessons" by Alvin Davison
It must be an express from the upper Missouri posts to St. Louis.
"Bring Me His Ears" by Clarence E. Mulford
Nevertheless, the march upon Vienna by the Upper Danube had been prepared with some success.
"The Battle of Blenheim" by Hilaire Belloc
The small petals have a crimson tinge, much darker in the upper length.
"The Woodlands Orchids" by Frederick Boyle
All the upper classes of England join on and continue it.
"Toilers of the Sea" by Victor Hugo
Then Maui returned to the upper world and lived again with his brothers.
"Legends of Ma-ui--a demi god of Polynesia, and of his mother Hina" by W. D. Westervelt
Bethel-street, from the Upper Market to Saint Giles's church.
"A Concise History and Directory of the City of Norwich for 1811" by C. Berry
Though Finney was now always charitably treated by the Upper Sixth, his warfare with the Upper Fourth was telling on him.
"Years of Plenty" by Ivor Brown
Coal is found laid down in great veins, varying in thickness, in various parts of the world in the upper strata of the Paleozoic period.
"Nature's Miracles, Volume 1" by Elisha Gray
My course was for the upper country, because the nearer I got to my own home the better I was acquainted with the people.
"Horse-Shoe Robinson" by John Pendleton Kennedy
Embryo of same, taken out of the husk; upper part of growing stem cut off, for want of room.
"The Elements of Botany" by Asa Gray
The intensity of the dark markings, on both the upper and under sides, is also subject to much variation.
"British Butterfiles" by W. S. Coleman
The upper part consists of a fine yellow sand called the Sandrock.
"The Geological Story of the Isle of Wight" by J. Cecil Hughes
AN'THONY, St. the founder of monastic institutions, born near Heraclea, in Upper Egypt, A.D. 251.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 2" by Various
Lilly patted and kissed the roses of the upper stratum, and would have done the same to all in the box, had there not been so many.
"The Song of Songs" by Hermann Sudermann
What advantages in having the wings attached on the upper side and the legs on the under side of the body?
"A Guide for the Study of Animals" by Worrallo Whitney
From its upper end one looks directly at the low cliff which forms the first descent of the Rapids.
"The Niagara River" by Archer Butler Hulbert
He apparently desired to lay the foundation of a solid landed estate in Upper Canada.
"Toronto of Old" by Henry Scadding
Upper Egypt is bounded by two ranges of hills.
"The World and Its People: Book VII" by Anna B. Badlam
He could discern the faces and upper portions of the bodies of the two men.
"Billy Barcroft, R.N.A.S." by Percy F. Westerman

In poetry:

Father, in joy our knees we bow:
This earth is not a place of tombs:
We are but in the nursery now;
They in the upper rooms.
"A Prayer for the Past: All sights and sounds of day and yea" by George MacDonald
The hot sun mounts the upper skies,
Faint grows the fervid air,
And wearied nature asks for rest
Mid scenes so soft and fair.
"A Ballad Of 1812" by Sarah Anne Curzon
So, when in darkness sleeps the vale
Where still the blind bird clings
The sunshine of the upper sky
Shall glitter on thy wings!
"On Receiving An Eagle's Quill From Lake Superior" by John Greenleaf Whittier
The little purple-winged swallows that fly
Through waves of the upper air,
Have a sweeter liberty, Lord, than I,
Who may not follow them there.
"A Pagan Prayer" by Virna Sheard
The clouds that vex the upper deep
Stay not the white sail of the moon;
And lips may moan, and hearts may weep,
The sad old earth goes rolling on.
"Aweary" by Marietta Holley
One priceless pearl of upper sea—
One matchless gem of heaven’s rich mine;
Within the place once held by thee
God send no after-light to shine!
"The Magi To The Star" by Mary Hannay Foott

In news:

The primary feature on the weather map is an upper low centered just south of Seward.
But now Berkowitz says that Jesus has the upper hand.
MARQUETTE, MI – (Great Lakes Radio News) – A 50-year-old Western Upper Peninsula man has been charged with murdering his elderly wife.
Important Wari sites in the upper Moquegua Valley.
Char Norman at Upper Arlington Concourse Gallery.
Char Norman at Upper Arlington Concourse Gallery.
1550 West Lane Ave, Upper Arlington.
An Ivy-League educated guy who grew up on the Upper East Side would not necessarily seem to fit the bill to be the next Indiana Jones.
When police arrived at the location, they found Estuaredo Rodriguez, who had gunshot wounds to the upper torso.
We haven't had a killing frost yet, but we have had temperatures in the upper 30s.
(May 24, 2012) Inside his carpeted Eureka offices, attorney Bill Barnum stood before a large map of the city and pointed to the upper right corner.
Africa Israel USA Gives Up Control of Upper West Side's Apthorp.
1 Menominee in the latest Upper Peninsula Sportswriters and Sportscasters Association Big Five football poll released this morning.
A daughter, Faylynn Drucile Clinger , was born Wednesday, May 9, 2012, to Jillian and Mark Clinger of Upper Sandusky.
Why the 29 who died at the Upper Big Branch mine were not enough.

In science:

The upper boundary of this first region is always higher than the upper boundary of the logarithmic region presented in [1 ].
A Note on the Intermediate Region in Turbulent Boundary Layers
Therefore it is enough to prove the weak large deviations upper bound (i.e the upper bound for compact sets).
Large deviations for Brownian motion in a random scenery
Following Szokoly et al. (2004) when H is an upper limit we set H R = −1, while when S is an upper limit we set H R = 1.
Discovery of optically faint obscured quasars with Virtual Observatory tools
Notice that if a set S of elements of a meet semilattice has an upper bound, then it has a least upper bound, or join ∨S .
Semimatroids and their Tutte polynomials
The quantities Φ and ψevo (A) can be used to upper bound χ2 (ǫ), while Φ(A), ψ+ (A) and ψg l/mod (A) are used to upper bound τ (ǫ).
Vertex and edge expansion properties for rapid mixing
In , a reformulation in terms of random graphs was used to prove upper and lower bounds on C (k , l), extending the upper bound in .
Counting Connected Graphs Asymptotically
When a source is not detected in a given band, an upper limit is calculated; upper limits are indicated as a “ -1” in the error columns.
The Extended Chandra Deep Field-South Survey. Chandra Point-Source Catalogs
Color online) Distributions of nearest neighbor eigenvalue spacings (upper-left) and eigenvector element amplitudes (upper-right) for matrices of the interpolating ensembles with δ = .1 (dashed), .5 (dotted) and .9 (chained).
Matrix Element Distribution as a Signature of Entanglement Generation
Furthermore, write H(A, δ) for the δ -upper metric entropy of A which is the logarithm of the size of the smallest possible δ -upper bracketing of A (infinity, if no finite bracketings exist).
Nonparametric Bayesian Classification
This number is given by the Upper Bound Theorem (cf. ) as the number of vertices of the dual cyclic d-polytopes. G¨artner and Kaibel gave the first non-trivial general upper bound of O(N/√d) in , where N denotes the number of vertices of the given polytope.
The Random Edge Simplex Algorithm on Dual Cyclic 4-Polytopes
First, let us find upper bounds for U2 and U3 similar to the upper bound for U found in Lemma 2.2.
Weak and almost sure limits for the parabolic Anderson model with heavy tailed potentials
Here E denotes the average over ω w.r.t. P. (Note that upper bounds on the expectation w.r.t. P yield upper bounds almost surely.) One may replace |0i by any other localized initial state (at least in ℓ1(Z)).
Upper bounds on wavepacket spreading for random Jacobi matrices
In the simplest setting one considers the upper half plane H with a simple curve C and looks for a conformal map which transforms the upper half plane minus the curve, H\C , to H itself (see figure 1).
SLE description of the nodal lines of random wave functions
The upper half plane of the variable z with a cutoff along a simple curve is transformed by a conformal map w = g (z ) to the whole upper half plane of the variable w.
SLE description of the nodal lines of random wave functions
Specialising to f = 1l and using an upper bound for Vtn (x) derived from Lemma 3.1, we obtain a recursive upper bound for an in terms of An and an−sn − an .
Ordered random walks