undergo

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v undergo pass through "The chemical undergoes a sudden change","The fluid undergoes shear","undergo a strange sensation"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Undergo To be subject or amenable to; to underlie. "Claudio undergoes my challenge."
    • Undergo To be subjected to; to bear up against; to pass through; to endure; to suffer; to sustain; as, to undergo toil and fatigue; to undergo pain, grief, or anxiety; to undergothe operation of amputation; food in the stomach undergoes the process of digestion. "Certain to undergo like doom."
    • Undergo To be the bearer of; to possess. "Their virtues else, be they as pure as grace,
      As infinite as man may undergo ."
    • Undergo To go or move below or under.
    • Undergo To undertake; to engage in; to hazard. "I have moved already
      Some certain of the noblest-minded Romans
      To undergo with me an enterprise."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • undergo To go or move under or beneath. To bear up against; endure with firmness; sustain without yielding or giving way; suffer; bear; pass through: as, to undergo great toil and fatigue; to undergo pain; to undergo a surgical operation.
    • undergo To be subjected to; go through; experience: as, to undergo successive changes.
    • undergo To be the bearer of; partake of; enjoy. To undertake; perform; hazard. To be subject to; underlie.
    • undergo To endure trial, pain, or the like with firmness; bear up against evils.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Undergo un-dėr-gō′ to go under or be subjected to: to endure or suffer: to pass through: to sustain without sinking: to partake of
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Quotations

  • Albert Camus
    Albert%20Camus
    “You can't create experience. You must undergo it.”
  • Thomas Paine
    Thomas%20Paine
    “Those who expect to reap the blessings of freedom must, like men, undergo the fatigue of supporting it.”
  • George Washington
    George%20Washington
    “True friendship is a plant of slow growth, and must undergo and withstand the shocks of adversity, before it is entitled to the appellation.”
  • Menander of Athens
    Menander of Athens
    “The person who has the will to undergo all labor may win any goal.”
  • Søren Kierkegaard
    Søren Kierkegaard
    “The more a man can forget, the greater the number of metamorphoses which his life can undergo, the more he can remember the more divine his life becomes.”
  • E. M. Cioran
    E. M. Cioran
    “The mind is the result of the torments the flesh undergoes or inflicts upon itself.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. undergān,. See Under, and Go

Usage

In literature:

One or more of the cells in a series may undergo this alteration.
"The Elements of Bacteriological Technique" by John William Henry Eyre
All butters, however, sooner or later undergo a change that renders them worthless for table use.
"Outlines of Dairy Bacteriology, 8th edition" by H. L. Russell
Some poor slave was undergoing punishment!
"The Quadroon" by Mayne Reid
That, too, was rapidly undergoing a change.
"The Wild Huntress" by Mayne Reid
Had we been compelled to undergo the same hardships as the Russians in 1877-1878, our views would doubtless have been very different.
"Cavalry in Future Wars" by Frederick von Bernhardi
Nouns undergo certain changes significant of Number and of Relation.
"Elements of Gaelic Grammar" by Alexander Stewart
The reputed fathers had to undergo a like punishment.
"Bygone Punishments" by William Andrews
But only them that knows, How hard it is to undergo trouble and sickness.
"A Complete Edition of the Works of Nancy Luce" by Nancy Luce
In both cases it undergoes the same process: it is submitted to the Unconscious, accepted or rejected, and so either realised or ignored.
"The Practice of Autosuggestion" by C. Harry Brooks
In fact, I could feel myself weakening from the mental and physical strain I had been undergoing.
"The Gods of Mars" by Edgar Rice Burroughs
They have been undergoing a process of preparation for the next agitation.
"Ireland as It Is" by Robert John Buckley (AKA R.J.B.)
Again, the tissues of the aged gradually undergo atrophy, yet cancers arise at this time and grow rapidly.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
Their relations were undergoing as many strains and stresses as a ship's frame in the various waves and weathers that confront it.
"The Cup of Fury" by Rupert Hughes
It often is such women who prefer to undergo the dangers of abortion.
"Woman under socialism" by August Bebel
Children need much sleep, because they are undergoing the most active progressive metamorphosis.
"Pedagogics as a System" by Karl Rosenkranz
When at its height, it undergoes little change for some days, and after this subsides as slowly as it rose.
"The Rain Cloud or, An Account of the Nature, Properties, Dangers and Uses of Rain" by Anonymous
Their faces were the stoic faces of two men undergoing a necessary torture.
"The Tempering" by Charles Neville Buck
A whole row of cells is undergoing repair, and the others are full.
"The Mysteries of Paris, Volume 5 of 6" by Eugène Sue
This vitellus or yolk undergoes a series of segmentation or dividings which are known as spontaneous segmentation.
"What a Young Husband Ought to Know" by Sylvanus Stall
Human opinions must hence, of absolute necessity, undergo transformation.
"History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, Volume II (of 2)" by John William Draper
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In poetry:

How can I doubt man's joy or woe
Where'er his house-fires shine.
Since all that man must undergo
Will visit me at mine?
"The Fires" by Rudyard Kipling
This is the death so full of woe,
Thou dost deserve to undergo!
This is the death, due to thy crimes,
If thou dost not repent betimes.
"A Warning To The Welsh, To Repent, Wrote At The Time A Great Plague Rag'd In London" by Rees Prichard
This is the death so full of woe,
Which thou art doom'd to undergo.
This is the death due to thy crimes,
If thou shalt not repent betimes.
"A Warning To The Welsh, To Repent, Wrote At The Time A Great Plague Rag'd In London" by Rees Prichard
There's not a soul, since Adam fell,
That suffers greater pains in hell —
Nor any one, that undergoes
More grievous wants or greater woes.
"The Complaint And The Advice Of Dives, To His Five Brethren, (Part 2­), Or A Description Of Hell, An" by Rees Prichard
Thou art my God, sole object of my love;
Not for the hope of endless joys above;
Nor for the fear of endless pains below,
Which they who love thee not must undergo.
"Prayer of St. Francis Xavier" by Alexander Pope
I am thy slave then; let me know,
Hard master! the great task I have to do:
Who pride and scorn do undergo.
In tempests and rough seas thy galleys row;
They pant, and groan, and sigh; but find
Their sighs increase the angry wind.
"The Thraldom" by Abraham Cowley

In news:

Billy Burnette Undergoes Bypass Surgery.
School bus company undergoes leadership changes.
North America Central School Bus Holding Co LLC is undergoing changes to its leadership team after one executive has left the company and another plans to retire.
Several Mattapan community residents on Tuesday weighed in on changes to the Route 28 bus line , which is undergoing changes to its stops along Blue Hill Avenue and elsewhere.
Anne Stokes/Press Tribune CorrespondentStar Wars fan Tristan Brusig, 8, gets a surprise visit from the 501st Legion while undergoing chemotherapy at Kaiser Permanente Roseville's pediatric ward on Nov 13.
I believe most school board and city council members are underpaid when all the extra time and effort and abuse they undergo is considered.
About the great upheaval businesses are undergoing just to stay above water.
The century-old sneaker maker has been undergoing an overhaul since it was bought by Nike.
Randall-Reilly Undergoes Corporate, Executive Restructuring.
Anthony Gruppuso/US Presswire Yankees outfielder Brett Gardner is set to undergo arthroscopic elbow surgery next week.
Michigan CB Blake Countess undergoes surgery, tweets photo.
Ottawa Senators defenseman Jared Cowen will undergo hip surgery this weekend.
The heir to the Saudi throne, Crown Prince Sultan bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud, died undergoing treatment for illness in New York.
Infant Deaths Drop After Midwives Undergo Inexpensive Training.
Instead of undergoing gastric bypass, as her doctor suggested, she signed up for a session with hypnotherapist Rena Greenberg.
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In science:

These must represent galaxies undergoing massive rates of star formation.
Cosmic Dust in the 21st Century
The main assumption of the proposed scenario is that, on a time scale of ∼ 2 − 4 × 109 yrs, the cD galaxies in cooling flow clusters undergo powerful bursts of AGN activity that produce strong radio jets.
A Moderate Cluster Cooling Flow Model
More interestingly, there are regions inside domains where the magnetization can even undergo a local reversal.
Ground states versus low-temperature equilibria in random field Ising chains
Also, the primary constraints undergo a trivial evolution; they are always zero.
Quantum general invariance and loop gravity
In particular, we find that the system may undergo multiple Hagedorn-type transitions as the temperature is varied.
Duality Cascade and Oblique Phases in Non-Commutative Open String Theory
In the antiferromagnetic phase, where spin-singlet “pairs” undergo Bose-Einstein condensation, the spectrum consists of two Goldstone modes and three massive ones, all of which become massless when magnetic field vanishes.
Theory of spin-2 Bose-Einstein condensates: spin-correlations, magnetic response, and excitation spectra
Regions I and III are the electrical leads of the sample (contacts) and electrons undergo scattering processes only at region II.
Transport in random quantum dot superlattices
Random graphs undergo a percolation transition at average vertex degree c0 = 1.
Dynamics of heuristic optimization algorithms on random graphs
R < Rmfp for which phions undergo no observable scattering process inside the ring.
A connection between gravity and the Higgs field
Pancharatnam’s analysis was generalized in to mixed states undergoing unitary evolution as follows.
Generalization of geometric phase to completely positive maps
These two facts are the central properties for α being a natural generalization of Pancharatnam’s relative phase to mixed states undergoing unitary evolution.
Generalization of geometric phase to completely positive maps
FIG. 2: Quantum network for interferometry of a state undergoing a CP map.
Generalization of geometric phase to completely positive maps
Due to mean-field effects and long-range interactions, the system undergoes a violent relaxation (Sec.
Generalized thermodynamics and Fokker-Planck equations. Applications to stellar dynamics, two-dimensional turbulence and Jupiter's great red spot
The physical picture of the theory is: Waves will undergo a diffusion process when the system is smaller than the localization size.
Are waves all localized in two dimensional random media?
The walk by such a particle can be described as follows: at every time step, its chirality undergoes the Hadamard transformation and then the particle moves according to its (new) chirality state.
Implement Quantum Random Walks with Linear Optics Elements
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