• WordNet 3.6
    • adj umber of the color of any of various natural brown earth pigments
    • n umber a medium brown to dark-brown color
    • n umber an earth pigment
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Umber (Paint) A brown or reddish pigment used in both oil and water colors, obtained from certain natural clays variously colored by the oxides of iron and manganese. It is commonly heated or burned before being used, and is then called burnt umber; when not heated, it is called raw umber. See Burnt umber, below.
    • Umber (Zoöl) An African wading bird (Scopus umbretta) allied to the storks and herons. It is dull dusky brown, and has a large occipital crest. Called also umbrette umbre, and umber bird.
    • Umber An umbrere.
    • a Umber Of or pertaining to umber; resembling umber; olive-brown; dark brown; dark; dusky. "Their harps are of the umber shade
      That hides the blush of waking day."
    • Umber (Zoöl) See Grayling, 1.
    • v. t Umber To color with umber; to shade or darken; as, to umber over one's face.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n umber Shade.
    • n umber A fish, the grayling. See Thymallus.
    • n umber The umber-bird.
    • n umber Same as umbrel, 3.
    • n umber A natural pigment somewhat resembling an ocher, but darker and browner, due to the presence of oxid of manganese. It probably originally came from Umbria in Italy, but now the best varieties come from Cyprus. The natural earth is called raw umber. When it is heated to almost a red heat in a furnace, the brown hydrated oxid of iron is changed into the red oxid of iron, and the pigment becomes redder and deeper in color, and is called burnt umber. Both these umbers are very important colors, both for artists and in house-painting. They are permanent, pure in tone, and of great service in making various tints.
    • umber Of a brown color; dark; dusky.
    • umber To color with umber, or as with umber; shade or darken.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Umber um′bėr a brown earthy mineral used as a pigment
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. ombre, ocherous ore of iron, terre d'ombre, It. terra d'ombra, literally, earth of shadow or shade, L. umbra, shadow, shade. Cf. Umber, 3 & 4, Umbrage
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary


In literature:

In the midst of all this the lamp still cast a smoky glow, obscure and brown as umber.
"Treasure Island" by Robert Louis Stevenson
It took different shades, from umber to almost golden, this "funny hair" of hers, as she called it.
"The Other Girls" by Mrs. A. D. T. Whitney
They are made in the same way as the above, but colored with lamp-black or umber ground in oil.
"The Art of Perfumery" by G. W. Septimus Piesse
Jordan was at D'Umber waiting his coming, and the joy of the meeting was immeasurable.
"The Wedge of Gold" by C. C. Goodwin
The tapestries of the wall were umber and gold; the hangings of the bed and windows were a modulated purple.
"The Bastonnais" by John Lesperance
Umber, ground 3.75 lbs.
"Ordnance Instructions for the United States Navy." by Bureau of Ordnance, USN
All the plain, the sedge below, the rolling canopy above, was tinged with reddish umber.
"The Long Roll" by Mary Johnston
The prevailing hue is umber brown with coarse black blotches.
"Birds of the Indian Hills" by Douglas Dewar
Use light filler, colored with umber and Venetian red in the proportion of 12 oz, of umber, and 4 oz.
"Mission Furniture" by H. H. Windsor
They are of a grayish or buffy color spotted with umber and lilac.
"The Bird Book" by Chester A. Reed
There is a large deposit of umber close to Ashburton.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 3" by Various
Among the half-finished pictures found in the studio of Allston after his death were several designs on canvas in chalk or umber.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 15, No. 88, February, 1865" by Various
Aethalia rounded or elongate, pulvinate, pale umber in color, seated on a broad membranous base, 1.5-2 mm.
"The North American Slime-Moulds" by Thomas H. (Thomas Huston) MacBride
P. umber or livid, disc fuscous; s. hollow.
"European Fungus Flora: Agaricaceae" by George Massee
Where did I leave my umber-rella?
"Within Prison Walls" by Thomas Mott Osborne
The caterpillar is dark purple or umber brown, with darker and lighter markings.
"Butterflies and Moths" by William S. Furneaux
Strangely enough, her very paleness made the Dyak umber in her cheeks more pronounced.
"The Argus Pheasant" by John Charles Beecham
It contains, however, a lower percentage of the latter than in the case of umbers.
"Paint Technology and Tests" by Henry A. Gardner
Marsyas' soiled white garments had been put off for a tunic and mantle of fine umber wool, embroidered with silver.
"Saul of Tarsus" by Elizabeth Miller
The shadows on deck were long and of a deep umber.
"The Great Quest" by Charles Boardman Hawes

In poetry:

West in gash of purple
below the umber dye
Rims of desert sandhills
project into the sky
"Giant Cactus" by Norman MacLeod
Here a dog head dreams.
Not any hate, not any love.
Not anything but dreams.
Brother of dusk and umber.
"Three Pieces On The Smoke Of Autumn" by Carl Sandburg
These glorious landscapes old,
Framed in my cottage windows,—hill-sides dun,
With umber shadows lightened to pale gold
By touches of the sun,—
"A Farewell" by Kate Seymour Maclean
And this was the cave of the mirror,
that double woman who stares
at herself, as if she were petrified
in time — two ladies sitting in umber chairs.
You kissed your grandmother
and she cried.
"The Double Image" by Anne Sexton
But I see the umber clouds that drive for the sun,
And a sorrow no argument ever can make away
Goes through my heart as I think of the nearing winter,
And the transient light that gleams like the ghost of May;
"Summer-Like" by George Orwell

In news:

(2 PIN P ersonal I dentification N umber) A password used for authentication.
Sheldon Greene's previous books, "Lost and Found" and "Burnt Umber" have been recognized as well done in the literary community.
Color palettes include generous swatches of golden umbers all the way to earthen-browns, rusts and subdued grays.
Light beige, red, green, black, white, pink, and burnt umber.

In science:

Label each directed edge with a n umber between 1 and d , such that for each a, the directed edges labeled a form a permutation.
Quantum Random Walks Hit Exponentially Faster
This number [i.e., the fail-safe-n umber] typically turns out to be very large ….
A brief history of the Fail Safe Number in Applied Research
Note that the n umber of constraints is still same as previously |Ag| + |R|.
Parameterized Complexity of Problems in Coalitional Resource Games
We fit each spectrum with an absorbed power law model, with the absorption fixed at the Galactic value to reduce the n umber of free parameters.
A Radio through X-ray Study of the Hot Spots, Active Nucleus, and Environment of the Nearby FR II Radio Galaxy 3C 33
Pages 407 –483 in Recent Perspectives in Random Matrix Theory and N umber Theory, ed. F.
A Symplectic Test of the L-Functions Ratios Conjecture
Among a n umber of interesting findings obtained in their work, we here focus on the progenitor dependence that could not be studied by Kotake et al. (2009,2011) [127, 145] who used the idealized initial conditions.
Multiple physical elements to determine the gravitational-wave signatures of core-collapse supernovae
The results of < Xma x > from different experiments (or analysis methods) may be compared by converting the < Xma x > into , as it is known that the change of Xma x is approximately proportional to lnA at a fixed CR energy, where A is the atomic n umber of the primary CR.
Measurement of Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays: An Experimental Summary and Prospects
Both shear and magni fication effects have been observed in a n umber of galaxy clusters.
Weak Gravitational Lensing
This improves the statistics of the fits while reducing the sensitivity to the n umber of exponentials used.
NRQCD results on the MILC extra coarse ensemble
The inset shows the distribution of the best fit values of the n umber of signal events which can be well fitted with a Gaussian .
A method for untriggered time-dependent searches for multiple flares from neutrino point sources
Wang, Binary trees with the largest n umber of subtrees with at least one leaf, Congr.
The Number of Subtrees of Trees with Given Degree Sequence