ultramontanism

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n ultramontanism (Roman Catholic Church) the policy that the absolute authority of the church should be vested in the pope
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Ultramontanism The principles of those within the Roman Catholic Church who maintain extreme views favoring the pope's supremacy; -- so used by those living north of the Alps in reference to the Italians; -- rarely used in an opposite sense, as referring to the views of those living north of the Alps and opposed to the papal claims. Cf. Gallicanism.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n ultramontanism The doctrines of ultramontanes; the views of that party in the Church of Rome which places an absolute authority in matters of faith and discipline in the hands of the Pope, in opposition to the views of that party which would place the national churches, such as the Gallican, in partial independence of the Roman curia, and make the Pope subordinate to the statutes of an ecumenical council. According to ultramontanism, the Pope is superior to general councils, independent of their decrees, and is considered to be the source of all jurisdiction in the church. The Vatican Council of 1869-70 virtually established the views of ultramontanism as dogmas of the Roman Catholic Church.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • ns Ultramontanism ultramontane or extreme views as to the Pope's rights
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. ultramontanisme,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. ultra, beyond, montanusmons, montis, a mountain.

Usage

In literature:

Do you know what a Legitimist is, or an Ultramontane?
"The American" by Henry James
The leaders in this effort were the three great Ultramontanes, De Maistre, De Bonald, and Lamennais.
"History of the Warfare of Science with Theology in Christendom" by Andrew Dickson White
You do not know these ultramontane millionaires; they are regular misers.
"The Count of Monte Cristo" by Alexandre Dumas, Pere
In the Franco-German War the French expected ultramontane sympathies in Germany.
"History of the Conflict Between Religion and Science" by John William Draper
And the organ-notes, rolling down the arches, seemed to me to have a very ultramontane sound.
"Saunterings" by Charles Dudley Warner
Will the Ultramontanes admit the nullity of the excommunication?
"The Memoirs of Louis XIV., His Court and The Regency, Complete" by Duc de Saint-Simon
Now, what was contained in the Ultramontane organ which apparently occasioned so much satisfaction to Monsignore Catesby?
"Lothair" by Benjamin Disraeli
In this emergency the demeanour of the Italian Cardinals set a bright example to their ultramontane colleagues.
"The Twilight of the Gods, and Other Tales" by Richard Garnett
He was more Ultramontane than the Ultramontanes.
"Collections and Recollections" by George William Erskine Russell
These years witnessed the growth in determination and in power of the Ultramontane party.
"Bismarck and the Foundation of the German Empire" by James Wycliffe Headlam
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In news:

At the apogee of nineteenth century Ultramontanism, W.G.
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