• WordNet 3.6
    • adj ultramontane on the Italian or Roman side of the Alps "ancient cisalpine Gaul included an area south and east of the Alps"
    • adj ultramontane on or relating to or characteristic of the region or peoples beyond the Alps from Italy (or north of the Alps) "ancient transalpine Gaul was an area northwest of the Alps and included modern France and Belgium","Cracow was a transalpine university"
    • adj ultramontane of or relating to ultramontanism
    • n ultramontane a Roman Catholic who advocates ultramontanism (supreme papal authority in matters of faith and discipline)
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • a Ultramontane Being beyond the mountains; specifically, being beyond the Alps, in respect to the one who speaks.☞ This term was first applied, somewhat contemptuously, by the Italians, to the nations north of the Alps, especially the Germans and French, their painters, jurists, etc. At a later period, the French and Germans applied it to the Italians. It is now more particularly used in respect to religious matters; and ultramontane doctrines, when spoken of north of the Alps, denote the extreme views of the pope's rights and supremacy maintained by Bellarmin and other Italian writers.
    • Ultramontane One who maintains extreme views favoring the pope's supremacy. See Ultramontanism.
    • Ultramontane One who resides beyond the mountains, especially beyond the Alps; a foreigner.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • ultramontane Being or lying beyond the mountains; tramontane: opposed to cismontane. Specifically— Lying or belonging to the north of the Alps, in reference to Italy: the sense in which the epithet was originally used. Tramontane is now more generally employed.
    • n ultramontane One who resides beyond the mountains; a foreigner. Specifically— Formerly, one who resided north of the Alps; hence, one who maintains the rights of the northern churches, as the Gallican, in opposition to the claims of universal supremacy put forth for the popes; one who is unfavorable to papal claims of supremacy and infallibility.
    • n ultramontane One who resides south of the Alps, or who identifies himself with the Italian party in the Roman Catholic Church, and maintains the doctrine of absolute papal supremacy. See ultramontanism.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Ultramontane ul-tra-mon′tān being beyond the mountains (i.e. the Alps): originally used in Italy of the French, Germans, &c.; afterwards applied by the northern nations to the Italians, hence its present meaning—viz. holding or denoting extreme views as to the Pope's rights and supremacy
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
LL. ultramontanus,; L. ultra, beyond + montanus, belonging to a mountain, from mons, montis, mountain: cf. F. ultramontain, It. ultramontano,. See Ultra-, and Mountain
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. ultra, beyond, montanusmons, montis, a mountain.


In literature:

As Ultramontanists it was their interest, their inclination, to espouse the Ultramontane cause.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Volume 07" by Various
So far he agrees with the Ultramontanes as against the liberal Catholics.
"The Life of Sir James Fitzjames Stephen, Bart., K.C.S.I." by Sir Leslie Stephen
We have spoken of the ultramontanism of the Spanish clergy.
"Roman Catholicism in Spain" by Anonymous
He lays more than the usual stress on Ultramontanism as an influence.
"Lippincott's Magazine, Vol. 20, August 1877" by Various
Now one wing, now the other won, but in the main the current flowed strongly towards ultramontanism.
"The Day of Sir Wilfrid Laurier" by Oscar D. Skelton
The growing democracy and the growing Ultramontanism came into collision.
"The History of Freedom" by John Emerich Edward Dalberg-Acton
The author is the most uncompromising of ultramontanes.
"A Short History of French Literature" by George Saintsbury
Sand, you lead me to suspect that you belong to the party of Ultramontanes.
"The Progressionists, and Angela." by Conrad von Bolanden
However this may be, that school is extinct; the ultramontane theory alone has now life and vigour in the Roman Church.
"The Church of England cleared from the charge of Schism" by Thomas William Allies
In 1837 the Ultramontanes came into power with Karl von Abel (1788-1859) as prime minister.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Slice 4" by Various

In news:

At the apogee of nineteenth century Ultramontanism, W.G.