ulema

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n ulema the body of Mullahs (Muslim scholars trained in Islam and Islamic law) who are the interpreters of Islam's sciences and doctrines and laws and the chief guarantors of continuity in the spiritual and intellectual history of the Islamic community
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Ulema (Islam) A college or body composed of the hierarchy (the imams, or ministers of religion, the muftis, or doctors of law, and the cadis, or administrators of justice). That of Turkey alone now has political power; its head is the sheik ul Islam.This definition was written ca. 1900. The government of Turkey in 1998 is exclusively secular, whereas Iran in 2001 is dominated by Moslem clergy.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n ulema The Moslem doctors of sacred law and theological science, especially those belonging to the religious hierarchy of the Turkish empire, with the Sheik ul Islam at their head: a collective term.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Ulema ōō′le-ma the collective name (which can not be used as a singular) of the body of professional theologians and doctors of divinity, and therefore of law, in any Mohammedan country.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Turk. & Ar. 'ulamā, the wise or learned men, pl. of 'ālim, wise, learned, fr. alima, to know
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Ar., plur. of ‛âlim, learned.

Usage

In literature:

I shall suggest to the Ulema of the Imperial Ear that he advise inaction.
"The Devil's Dictionary" by Ambrose Bierce
The Ulemas must have been horror-stricken when they found out that Akbar even sought religious instruction from the hated Brahmans.
"Akbar, Emperor of India" by Richard von Garbe
Fourier was especially held in veneration by the Cheiks and the Ulemas.
"Biographies of Distinguished Scientific Men" by Francois Arago
Nor is it probable that he would have found much religious opposition to the realization of his scheme from the Turkish Ulema.
"The Future of Islam" by Wilfred Scawen Blunt
It was now the duty of the Grand Vizier to elect a new Chief Mufti from among the Ulemas.
"Halil the Pedlar" by Mór Jókai
As elsewhere in the Muhammadan world, the most powerful class was that of the Ulema, or learned men.
"Mystics and Saints of Islam" by Claud Field
The ulemas pronounced a curse of eternal dissolution upon the insurgents.
"The Continental Monthly, Vol 3 No 3, March 1863" by Various
Now, the gentry of Islam, the sheikhs and ulema, would hear this lack-beard dervish, as he was called.
"The Book of Khalid" by Ameen Rihani
The Ulemas and governors are rising against the sultan, because he is making innovations.
"Timar's Two Worlds" by Mór Jókai
But the well-meaning Ulema paid dearly for this good counsel.
"The Lion of Janina" by Mór Jókai
The Khilafat must answer that question with such assistance as they may obtain from the Ulemas.
"Freedom Through Disobedience" by C. R. (Chittaranjan) Das
Last of all came the ulemas.
"The Slaves of the Padishah" by Mór Jókai
This triumph of the Ulema is the one important feature of the Ministerial crisis.
"The Contemporary Review, Volume 36, October 1879" by Various
Ruskin might have written that parable to illustrate the aspect which French ambitions offered to the Ulema.
"Bonaparte in Egypt and the Egyptians of To-day" by Haji A. Browne
The Ulema and the Softas walked before, and the Sultan with all his Court followed it.
"The Contemporary Review, Volume 36, December 1879" by Various
The greater number of those arrested belong to the body of Ulemas.
"Harper's New Monthly Magazine, No. VII, December 1850, Vol. II" by Various
Fellahs, Bedouins, Ulemas, tous sont unis.
"Secret History of the English Occupation of Egypt" by Wilfrid Scawen Blunt
Everywhere throughout the camp the Ulemas promised victory and the delights of Paradise.
"Constantinople" by William Holden Hutton
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In poetry:

But when the Ulemas were met,
And the thing heard, they doubted not;
But sentenced him, as the law is,
To die by stoning on the spot.
"Stanzas In Memory Of The Author Of 'Obermann'" by Matthew Arnold

In news:

Supporters of Pakistani religious party Jamiat-e-Ulema-e-Islam hold an image of Al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden during an anti-American rally in Quetta on May 2.
Jamat-e-Islami and Jamiat-e-Ulema Islam are political parties with a strong presence in rural areas of Pakistan.
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