turpentine

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n turpentine volatile liquid distilled from turpentine oleoresin; used as paint thinner and solvent and medicinally
    • n turpentine obtained from conifers (especially pines)
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Turpentine tûr"pĕn*tīn A semifluid or fluid oleoresin, primarily the exudation of the terebinth, or turpentine, tree (Pistacia Terebinthus), a native of the Mediterranean region. It is also obtained from many coniferous trees, especially species of pine, larch, and fir.☞ There are many varieties of turpentine. Chian turpentine is produced in small quantities by the turpentine tree (Pistacia Terebinthus). Venice, Swiss, or larch turpentine, is obtained from Larix Europæa. It is a clear, colorless balsam, having a tendency to solidify. Canada turpentine, or Canada balsam, is the purest of all the pine turpentines (see under Balsam). The Carpathian and Hungarian varieties are derived from Pinus Cembra and Pinus Mugho. Carolina turpentine, the most abundant kind, comes from the long-leaved pine (Pinus palustris). Strasburg turpentine is from the silver fir (Abies pectinata).
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • turpentine To make or gather turpentine.
    • n turpentine An oleoresinous substance secreted by the wood or bark of a number of trees, all coniferous except the terebinth, which yields Chian turpentine. It consists chiefly of an essential hydrocarbon oil (C10H16) and a resin called colophony or rosin. The common turpentine is derived in France from the maritime pine, Pinus maritima (French or Bordeaux turpentine); in Russia and Germany, from the Scotch pine, P. sylvestris; in Austria and Corsica, from the Corsican pine, P. Laricio; in the East Indies and Japan, from several pines; and in the United States, most largely in North Carolina, from the southern or long-leafed pine, P. palustris, and somewhat from the loblollypine, P. Tæda. For other turpentines, see the phrases below. In the United States turpentine is obtained by cutting a pocket in the side of the tree (boxing), whence it is periodically collected. In France the less destructive method is practised of removing a piece of bark and conducting the flow into earthen vessels. The crude turpentine is subjected to distillation, separating the oil, or so-called spirit or spirits of turpentine, from the rosin—the oil in the case of the long-leafed pine constituting, it is said, 17 per cent., and in the case of the maritime pine 24 per cent. This when pure is limpid and colorless, of a penetrating peculiar odor, and a pungent bitterish taste. Spirit of turpentine is very extensively used in mixing paints and varnishes. In medicine it is stimulant and diuretic, an anthelmintic, and externally a rubefacient and counter-irritant.
    • n turpentine The oil or spirit of turpentine; turps: an ordinary but less precise use.
    • turpentine To apply turpentine to; rub with turpentine.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Turpentine tur′pen-tīn a semi-solid resinous substance secreted by various coniferous trees (the name turpentine is commonly understood to mean the product of the Scotch pine, the swamp pine of America, and the Pinus maritima of France; Venice turpentine is obtained from the larch, and Chian turpentine from the 'Turpentine-tree'—see Pistachio): the oil or spirit of turpentine
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. térébenthine, OF. also turbentine,; cf. Pr. terebentina, terbentina, It. terebentina, trementina,; fr. L. terebinthinus, of the turpentine tree, from terebinthus, the turpentine tree. Gr. tere`binqos te`rminqos. See Terebinth
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. turbentine—L. terebinthina (resina), (the resin) of the terebinth—Gr. terebinthos.

Usage

In literature:

In the midst of an active course of turpentine and stimulants, I was brought to myself by a jolt and dead halt in mid-road.
"Four Years in Rebel Capitals" by T. C. DeLeon
Dey laid Burrus face down on er plank den dey poured turpentine in all dem cut places.
"Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States" by Various
Mix turpentine and lard in equal parts.
"Searchlights on Health: Light on Dark Corners" by B.G. Jefferis
Pour in a little turpentine, and set aside for half a day, giving it an occasional stir.
"Mission Furniture" by H. H. Windsor
During the progress of the late expedition we came upon large quantities of cotton and turpentine.
"Kinston, Whitehall and Goldsboro (North Carolina) expedition, December, 1862" by W. W. Howe
Make each coat as thin as possible, and to facilitate this keep the brush soft by occasionally applying a little turpentine to it.
"Golden Days for Boys and Girls" by Various
The contents were so strongly impregnated with turpentine that not a morsel was eatable.
"When Grandmamma Was New" by Marion Harland
Say, young Chris, I hope we shan't have made the water taste of burnt wood and turpentine.
"The Peril Finders" by George Manville Fenn
The whole room smelt of a curious mixture of turpentine, soap, and fresh flowers.
"Girls of the Forest" by L. T. Meade
But poor Turpentine, what of him?
"Birds of the Rockies" by Leander Sylvester Keyser
An excellent turpentine procured in India.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
A valuable timber tree, sometimes worked for turpentine.
"Seasoning of Wood" by Joseph B. Wagner
It is the finest of all the turpentines and is used for many purposes in the arts.
"Conservation Reader" by Harold W. Fairbanks
Their father is away selling turpentine, and there is little food in the cupboard.
"The Magic Soap Bubble" by David Cory
They pass around turpentine an' hide the matches.
"Humorous Ghost Stories" by Dorothy Scarborough
A'ter freedom declare, us pull boxes en dip turpentine.
"Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves" by Work Projects Administration
The Indian mango tastes like turpentine and musk mixed, only more so.
"Due West" by Maturin Murray Ballou
It carries on a trade with the West Indies and the interior of Carolina, chiefly in tar, pitch, turpentine, lumber, and corn.
"Travels in North America, From Modern Writers" by William Bingley
I wonder if a hot turpentine cloth wouldn't be better than this?
"The Ranch at the Wolverine" by B. M. Bower
The buds are black, and yield a fine turpentine.
"The Conquest of Canada (Vol. 2 of 2)" by George Warburton
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In poetry:

"I see that you have much to eat —
A red ham-bone is surely sweet.
I see that you have lion's feet;
I see your frame is fat and fine,
I see you drink your poison wine —
Blood and burning turpentine."
"The Booker Washington Trilogy" by Vachel Lindsay
“I see that you have much to eat—
A red ham-bone is surely sweet.
I see that you have lion’s feet;
I see your frame is fat and fine,
I see you drink your poison wine—
Blood and burning turpentine.”
"Simon Legree" by Vachel Lindsay

In news:

The swamp on this azalea morning was strong with a turpentine smell, honeysuckle, and azaleas .
Photo by Kyle Jorgensen, TCWR Rescuers at the Turpentine Creek Wildlife Refuge bring a tiger out of unhealthy and dangerous conditions to its new residence.
Turpentine Creek Wildlife Refuge is currently in the midst of their largest rescue effort in their 20-year history.
Most visual artists would drink their turpentine for the kind of attention that John Patrick McKenzie is receiving.
Mountainburg big cats move to new home at Turpentine Creek.
A number of big cats are moving in to the Turpentine Creek Wildlife Refuge.
They will live with a more than a 100 other animals being taken care of by the volunteers at Turpentine Creek.
Turpentine Creek Tiger Gallery.
Boris, JJ, and Zues live at Turpentine Creek near Eureka Springs.
Mountainburg wildlife relocates at Turpentine Creek.
Paul McCartney & Turpentine .
Michael Woods Crews with Turpentine Creek Wildlife Refuge carry Princess out of her cage at Riverglen Tiger Shelter near Mountainburg on Nov 14 as they prepare to move her to their facility near Eureka Springs.
The big cats were sent to the Turpentine Creek Wildlife Refuge this week.
If you still have a spot try rubbing with a little turpentine and a piece of 0000 steelwool.
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