• WordNet 3.6
    • n turnpike an expressway on which tolls are collected
    • n turnpike (from 16th to 19th centuries) gates set across a road to prevent passage until a toll had been paid
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Turnpike (Mil) A beam filled with spikes to obstruct passage; a cheval-de-frise.
    • Turnpike A frame consisting of two bars crossing each other at right angles and turning on a post or pin, to hinder the passage of beasts, but admitting a person to pass between the arms; a turnstile. See Turnstile, 1. "I move upon my axle like a turnpike ."
    • Turnpike A gate or bar set across a road to stop carriages, animals, and sometimes people, till toll is paid for keeping the road in repair; a tollgate.
    • Turnpike A turnpike road.
    • Turnpike A winding stairway.
    • v. t Turnpike To form, as a road, in the manner of a turnpike road; to throw into a rounded form, as the path of a road.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n turnpike A frame of pikes or pointed bars, a kind of revolving cheval-de-frise, set in a narrow passage to obstruct the progress of an enemy.
    • n turnpike A turnstile.
    • n turnpike A gate set across a road, in order to stop carriages, wagons, etc., and sometimes foot-travelers, till toll is paid; a toll-bar; a toll-gate.
    • n turnpike A turnpike road.
    • n turnpike A turnpike-stair.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • ns Turnpike a gate set across a road to stop those liable to toll: a turnpike-road—originally a frame consisting of two cross-bars armed with pikes, and turning on a post
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Turn, + pike,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. tyrnan; Ger. turnen; Fr. tourner; all from L. tornāre, to turn in a lathe—tornus, a turner's wheel—Gr. tornos.


In literature:

He was found by the police at night, going round and round the turnpike, which he still supposed to be a part of the Exhibition.
"The Letters of Charles Dickens" by Charles Dickens
My throat is like a turnpike road?
"Hopes and Fears scenes from the life of a spinster" by Charlotte M. Yonge
Here they left the railroad turnpike and went northward to Johnstown.
"Girl Scouts in the Adirondacks" by Lillian Elizabeth Roy
The public will in time discover this, and do away with turnpikes on railroads, as on all other public-ways.
"The Crown of Wild Olive" by John Ruskin
You can get turnpike roads, and teams, and sawmills, nearer home.
"A Pessimist" by Robert Timsol
President, Engineers and Directors of Lexington and Maysville Turnpike Road.
"A Pioneer Railway of the West" by Maude Ward Lafferty
By and by a pedlar or a van comes slowly along the turnpike road which runs past the field.
"The Toilers of the Field" by Richard Jefferies
Turnpike acts, sanctioning the construction of new roads, became numerous.
"The English Utilitarians, Volume I." by Leslie Stephen
Suddenly, then, as I descended upon the turnpike, a quite new thought came to me.
"The Message" by Alec John Dawson
He detested turnpike roads, and he detested Hindhead.
"Highways and Byways in Surrey" by Eric Parker
The building of turnpikes became, in the years following 1800, a popular form of public spirit.
"Quaker Hill" by Warren H. Wilson
The approach to Philadelphia is announced by a good turnpike road.
"Travels in North America, From Modern Writers" by William Bingley
We proceeded at a smart canter until we reached the turnpike.
"The Love Story of Abner Stone" by Edwin Carlile Litsey
It was no great matter, one way or the other, with the Turnpike Trusts, Mr. C.G.
"The King's Post" by R. C. Tombs
The turnpike-man relaxes, in favour of your 'pink,' his usual grimness.
"A New Illustrated Edition of J. S. Rarey's Art of Taming Horses" by J. S. Rarey
About a mile and a half from Drumlanrigg is a turnpike gate at the top of a hill.
"Recollections of a Tour Made in Scotland A.D. 1803" by Dorothy Wordsworth
My friend, Dr. Powell, on the Brooke Turnpike, sent his little son, mounted on his finest horse, on an errand to a neighbor.
"A Rebel War Clerk's Diary at the Confederate States Capital" by John Beauchamp Jones
The first Saturday in July was a day of excitement for the turnpike-keeper, Friedrich August Vogt.
"'Jena' or 'Sedan'?" by Franz Beyerlein
There is also a game called "Turnpikes," in which several players and one hoop take part.
"What Shall We Do Now?: Five Hundred Games and Pastimes" by Dorothy Canfield Fisher
This little hamlet is situated twenty-nine miles from Murfreesboro', by the turnpike, and almost due Northeast of it.
"History of Morgan's Cavalry" by Basil W. Duke

In poetry:

And now the turnpike gates again
Flew open in short space;
The toll-men thinking as before,
That Gilpin rode a race.
"The Diverting History Of John Gilpin, Showing How He Went Farther Than He Intended, And Came Safe Ho" by William Cowper
And still, as fast as he drew near,
‘Twas wonderful to view,
How in a trice the turnpike men
Their gates wide open threw.
"The Diverting History Of John Gilpin, Showing How He Went Farther Than He Intended, And Came Safe Ho" by William Cowper
There was an old man breaking stones
To mend the turnpike way,
He sat him down beside a brook
And out his bread and cheese he took,
For now it was mid-day.
"The Cross Roads" by Robert Southey
Ye healers of men, for a moment decline
Your feats in the rhubarb and ipecac line;
While you shut up your turnpike, your neighbors can go
The old roundabout road to the regions below.
"Lines -- for Berkshire Jubilee, Aug. 23, 1844" by Oliver Wendell Holmes

In news:

One Person Critically Injured in Turnpike Accident.
45 pm in the northbound lanes of the turnpike, just east of Kellogg in Wichita.
It covered the approximate length of the Pennsylvania Turnpike.
A separate ad from Democrats states that because of Dovilla, "you could pay a foreign corporation every time you drive the turnpike.".
New bridge in Bixby may depend on Turnpike Authority.
HIT-SKIP, LORAIN ROAD: Officers responded to an area of Lorain Road and the Ohio Turnpike for a car that had struck a pole and went into a ditch .
The Turner Turnpike's eastbound lanes have been closed at Luther Road, mile marker 147, after a tractor-trailer struck a bridge.
The state Department of Transportation is going high-tech this year to help avoid traffic jams on the Seneca Turnpike and Commercial Drive in New Hartford this holiday season.
A motorist whose car broke down on the New Jersey Turnpike was killed moments later when another vehicle rear-ended the car and knocked it into him.
Tolls are going up on the Maine Turnpike.
Semi driver killed in Ohio Turnpike crash.
Two semis crashed on the Ohio Turnpike before 6:30 am on Friday.
Dump Truck Accident Snarls Early Turnpike Traffic.
Dump truck sand spill on New Jersey Turnpike (NJ DOT).
NJ Turnpike Dump Truck Fire To Have Long Term Effect.